Jan de Koning (politician)

Jan de Koning
Jan de Koning 1978 (1).jpg
Jan de Koning in 1978
Extraordinary Member
of the Council of State
In office
1 January 1990 β€“ 8 October 1994
Vice President Willem Scholten
Minister of the Interior
In office
3 February 1987 β€“ 6 May 1987
Ad interim
Prime Minister Ruud Lubbers
Preceded by Frits Korthals Altes (Ad interim)
Succeeded by Kees van Dijk
Minister of Social Affairs
and Employment
In office
6 May 1987 β€“ 7 November 1989
Prime Minister Ruud Lubbers
Preceded by Louw de Graaf (Ad interim)
Succeeded by Bert de Vries
In office
4 November 1982 β€“ 3 February 1987
Prime Minister Ruud Lubbers
Preceded by Louw de Graaf
Succeeded by Louw de Graaf (Ad interim)
Minister for Netherlands
Antilles and Aruba Affairs
In office
4 November 1982 β€“ 7 November 1989
Prime Minister Ruud Lubbers
Preceded by Himself
as Minister for Netherlands
Antilles Affairs
Succeeded by Ruud Lubbers (Ad interim)
Minister for Netherlands
Antilles Affairs
In office
29 May 1982 β€“ 4 November 1982
Prime Minister Dries van Agt
Preceded by Joop den Uyl
Succeeded by Himself
as Minister for Netherlands
Antilles and Aruba Affairs
Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries
In office
11 September 1981 β€“ 4 November 1982
Prime Minister Dries van Agt
Preceded by Gerrit Braks
Succeeded by Gerrit Braks
Minister of Defence
In office
4 March 1978 β€“ 8 March 1978
Ad interim
Prime Minister Dries van Agt
Preceded by Roelof Kruisinga
Succeeded by Willem Scholten
Minister for Development Cooperation
In office
19 December 1977 β€“ 11 September 1981
Prime Minister Dries van Agt
Preceded by Jan Pronk
Succeeded by Kees van Dijk
Chairman of the
Anti-Revolutionary Party
In office
11 May 1973 β€“ 13 December 1975
Leader Barend Biesheuvel (1973)
Willem Aantjes (1973–1975)
Preceded by Antoon Veerman
Succeeded by Hans de Boer
Member of the European Parliament
In office
22 September 1971 β€“ 19 December 1977
Parliamentary group Christian Democratic Group
Constituency Netherlands
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
3 June 1986 β€“ 14 July 1986
In office
16 September 1982 β€“ 4 November 1982
In office
10 June 1981 β€“ 9 September 1981
In office
10 May 1971 β€“ 19 December 1977
Parliamentary group Christian Democratic Appeal
(1981–1986)
Anti-Revolutionary Party
(1971–1977)
Member of the Senate
In office
16 September 1969 β€“ 10 May 1971
Parliamentary group Anti-Revolutionary Party
Personal details
Born
Jan de Koning

(1926-08-31)31 August 1926
Zwartsluis, Netherlands
Died 8 October 1994(1994-10-08) (aged 68)
Leiden, Netherlands
Cause of death Cancer
Nationality Dutch
Political party Christian Democratic Appeal
(from 1980)
Other political
affiliations
Anti-Revolutionary Party
(until 1980)
Spouse(s)
Molly Rellum
( m.  1956; his death  1994)
Children Kees Jan de Koning
(born 1961)
Dirk Jan de Koning
(born 1963)
Alma mater Utrecht University
(Bachelor of Social Science, Master of Social Science)
Occupation Politician Β· Civil servant Β· Social geographer Β· Researcher Β· Corporate director Β· Nonprofit director Β· Trade association executive Β· Professor Β· Soldier
Military service
Allegiance  Netherlands
Branch/service Royal Netherlands
East Indies Army
Years of service 1945–1948 (Active duty)
1948–1952 (Reserve)
Rank Nl-landmacht-korporaal.svg Corporal
Battles/wars

Jan de Koning (31 August 1926 – 8 October 1994) was a Dutch politician of the defunct Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP) and later the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) party and social geographer.[1]

On 10 May 1940 Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands and the government fled to London to escape the German occupation. De Koning joined the Dutch resistance against the German occupiers in September 1943 barely 17-years old. Following the end of World War II De Koning volunteered and enlisted in the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army as a Corporal serving in the Dutch East Indies from August 1945 until June 1948. De Koning applied at the Utrecht University in June 1948 majoring in Social geography and obtaining an Bachelor of Social Science degree in July 1950 and worked as a student researcher before graduating with an Master of Social Science degree in July 1958. De Koning worked as a junior Trade association executive for the Christian Farmers and Gardeners association (CBTB) from February 1955 until November 1961 and worked as a researcher at the Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences from November 1961 until January 1964. De Koning worked again as a trade association executive for the Christian Farmers and Gardeners association and served as General-Secretary from January 1964 until May 1971. De Koning was elected as a Member of the Senate after the Senate election of 1981, taking office on 16 September 1969. De Koning was elected as a Member of the House of Representatives after the election of 1971, he resigned as a Member of the Senate the same day he took office as a Member of the House of Representatives, taking office on 10 May 1971. De Koning was selected as a Member of the European Parliament and dual served in those positions, taking office on 22 September 1971. De Koning served as Chairman of the Anti-Revolutionary Party from 11 May 1973 until 13 December 1975.

After the election of 1977 De Koning was appointed as Minister for Development Cooperation in the Cabinet Van Agt–Wiegel, taking office on 19 December 1977. De Koning served as acting Minister of Defence from 4 March 1978 until 8 March 1978 following the resignation Roelof Kruisinga. After the election of 1981 De Koning returned as a Member of the House of Representatives, taking office on 10 June 1981. Following the cabinet formation of 1981 De Koning was appointed as Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries in the Cabinet Van Agt II, taking office on 11 September 1981. The Cabinet Van Agt II fell just seven months into its term on 12 May 1982 and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity until it was replaced by the caretaker Cabinet Van Agt III with De Koning continuing as Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries and also took over as Minister for Netherlands Antilles Affairs, taking office on 29 May 1982. After the election of 1982 De Koning again returned as a Member of the House of Representatives, taking office on 16 September 1982. Following the cabinet formation of 1982 De Koning was appointed as Minister of Social Affairs and Employment and continued as the newly renamed Minister for Netherlands Antilles and Aruba Affairs in the Cabinet Lubbers I, taking office on 4 November 1982. After the election of 1986 De Koning once again returned as a Member of the House of Representatives, taking office on 3 June 1986. Following the cabinet formation of 1986 De Koning remained Minister of Social Affairs and Employment and Minister for Netherlands Antilles and Aruba Affairs in the Cabinet Lubbers II, taking office on 14 July 1986. De Koning served as acting Minister of the Interior from 3 February 1987 until 6 May 1987 during a medical leave of absence of Kees van Dijk, with State Secretary for Social Affairs and Employment Louw de Graaf serving as acting Minister of Social Affairs and Employment during that time. In July 1989 De Koning announced that he wouldn't stand for the election of 1989. Following the cabinet formation of 1989 De Koning per his own request asked not to be considered for a cabinet post in the new cabinet, the Cabinet Lubbers II was replaced by the Cabinet Lubbers III on 7 November 1989.

De Koning remained in active politics, in December 1989 he was nominated as a Extraordinary Member of the Council of State, taking office on 1 January 1990. De Koning also became active in the private sector and public sector and occupied numerous seats as a corporate director and nonprofit director on several boards of directors and supervisory boards (Achmea, Van Lanschot, Energy Research Centre, Royal Dutch Geographical Society, International Institute of Social History, Society for Statistics and Operations Research, Anne Frank Foundation and the Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences) and served on several state commissions and councils on behalf of the government (Staatsbosbeheer, Statistics Netherlands and the Public Pension Funds PFZW). De Koning also served as a distinguished professor of Social geography at the University of Groningen from 1 January 1991. In August 1994 De Koning was diagnosed with terminal cancer, he died two months later at the age of 68.

De Koning was known for his abilities as a manager and consensus builder. He holds the distinction as the second longest continuously-serving government Minister after World War II with 12 years after Joseph Luns.

Decorations

Military decorations
Ribbon bar Decoration Country Date Comment
Ribbon of the Ereteken voor Orde en Vrede.gif Medal for Order and Peace Netherlands 10 December 1948
Verzetsherdenkingskruis 1940-1945.gif Resistance Memorial Cross Netherlands 30 April 1982
Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
Legion Honneur Commandeur ribbon.svg Commander of the Legion of Honour France 12 November 1979
NLD Order of the Dutch Lion - Knight BAR.png Knight of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Netherlands 26 October 1981
BEL Kroonorde Grootkruis BAR.svg Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown Belgium 6 July 1986
NLD Order of Orange-Nassau - Knight Grand Cross BAR.png Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 20 November 1989

References

  1. ^ "Koning, Jan de (1926-1994)" (in Dutch). Huygens ING. 12 November 2013. Retrieved 10 June 2019.

External links

Official
Party political offices
Preceded by
Antoon Veerman
Chairman of the
Anti-Revolutionary Party

1973–1975
Succeeded by
Hans de Boer
Political offices
Preceded by
Jan Pronk
Minister for Development Cooperation
1977–1981
Succeeded by
Kees van Dijk
Preceded by
Roelof Kruisinga
Minister of Defence
Ad interim

1978
Succeeded by
Willem Scholten
Preceded by
Gerrit Braks
Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries
1981–1982
Succeeded by
Gerrit Braks
Preceded by
Joop den Uyl
Minister for Suriname and
Netherlands Antilles Affairs

1982–1989
Succeeded by
Ruud Lubbers
Ad interim
Preceded by
Louw de Graaf
Minister of Social Affairs
and Employment

1982–1987
1987–1989
Succeeded by
Louw de Graaf
Ad interim
Preceded by
Louw de Graaf
Ad interim
Succeeded by
Bert de Vries
Preceded by
Frits Korthals Altes
Ad interim
Minister of the Interior
Ad interim

1987
Succeeded by
Kees van Dijk
Business positions
Preceded by
Unknown
General-Secretary of the
Christian Farmers and
Gardeners Association

1964–1971
Succeeded by
Unknown

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