Jean-Claude Carrière

Jean-Claude Carrière
CARRIERE Jean Claude-24x30-2006.jpg
Born (1931-09-17)17 September 1931
Died 8 February 2021(2021-02-08) (aged 89)
Paris, France
Occupation Novelist, screenwriter, actor, director
Years active 1957–2021

Jean-Claude Carrière (French: [ka.ʁjɛʁ]; 17 September 1931 – 8 February 2021) was a French novelist, screenwriter and actor. He received an Academy Award for best short film for co-writing Heureux Anniversaire (1963), and was later conferred an Honorary Oscar in 2014.[1] He was nominated for the Academy Award three other times for his work in The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (1972), That Obscure Object of Desire (1977), and The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1988). He also won a César Award for Best Original Screenplay in The Return of Martin Guerre (1983).

Carrière was an alumnus of the École normale supérieure de Saint-Cloud and was president of La Fémis, the French state film school that he helped establish. He was noted as a frequent collaborator with Luis Buñuel on the screenplays of the latter's late French films.[1]

Early life

Carrière was born in Colombières-sur-Orb in southwestern France on 17 September 1931.[2][3] His family worked as vintners, and his parents subsequently moved to Montreuil, in the suburbs of Paris, in 1945 to start a coffeehouse.[2][4] Carrière was a gifted student,[2] and attended Lycée Lakanal before studying literature and history at the École normale supérieure de Saint-Cloud,[3][4] a grande école.[2] He went on to publish his first novel, Lézard, in 1957 at the age of 26.[2][3] Consequently, he was introduced to Jacques Tati,[5] who employed Carrière to write novels based on his movies.[3][6]

Career

Carrière met Pierre Étaix, who worked as Tati's first assistant.[3] Carrière and Étaix went on to write and direct several films, including Heureux Anniversaire (1962). That film ultimately won the 1963 Academy Award for Best Short Subject (Live Action).[7] That same year, Carrière's nineteen-year collaboration with Luis Buñuel began with the film Diary of a Chambermaid (1964).[3] He co-wrote the screenplay with Buñuel and also played the part of a village priest.[8] They subsequently collaborated on the scripts of nearly all Buñuel's later films, including Belle de Jour (1967), The Milky Way (1969),[8][9] and The Phantom of Liberty (1974).[8] Their teamwork in writing The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (1972) was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay, and the film ultimately won the Best Foreign Language Film.[2][10] They earned their second Oscar nomination five years later for Best Adapted Screenplay in That Obscure Object of Desire (1977).[11]

Carrière in 2008

Carrière also penned screenplay for The Tin Drum (1979), which won both the Palme d'Or at the 1979 Cannes Film Festival and Best Foreign Language Film at the Oscars a year later.[2][12] His work in The Return of Martin Guerre (1983) won the 1983 César Award for Best Original Screenplay.[2] He received his third Academy Award nomination six years later for writing the script of The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1988) with Philip Kaufman.[13]

Carrière co-founded La Fémis, the French state film school, in 1986.[3] He taught screenwriting there,[3] and served as its president for ten years.[14] He collaborated with Peter Brook on a nine hour long stage version of the ancient Sanskrit epic The Mahabharata, and a five-hour film version.[2] He also provided the libretto for Hans Gefors' fifth opera Clara, which was premiered at the Opéra-Comique in Paris in 1998.[15] He was credited as a script consultant in The White Ribbon, which won the Palme d'Or in 2009.[3]

Later life and death

Carrière and Umberto Eco published This is Not the End of the Book in 2012, a book of conversations on the future of information carriers.[16] Carrière also wrote comics for Bernard Yslaire and Pierre Étaix.[17] He was given an Academy Honorary Award in 2014,[18] for his lifetime work in writing approximately 80 screenplays, as well as his essays, fiction, translations and interviews.[2]

Carrière died in his sleep on 8 February 2021 at his home in Paris[2] of natural causes.[4][6]

Awards and honors

Filmography

Writer

Actor

See Also

References

Specific

  1. ^ a b Sinha-Roy, Piya (28 August 2014). "Belafonte, Miyazaki to receive Academy's Governors Awards". Reuters. Archived from the original on 5 June 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Jean-Claude Carrière, screenwriter of Cyrano de Bergerac and Belle de Jour, dies aged 89". The Guardian. London. Agence France-Presse. 9 February 2021. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Mintzer, Jordan (9 February 2021). "Jean-Claude Carriere, 'Belle de Jour,' 'Tin Drum' Screenwriter, Dies at 89". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  4. ^ a b c Douin, Jean-Luc (8 February 2021). "Jean-Claude Carrière, scénariste et écrivain, est mort à l'âge de 89 ans". Le Monde. Paris. Retrieved 9 February 2021. (in French)
  5. ^ Del Rosario, Alexandra (8 February 2021). "Jean-Claude Carrière Dies: French Screenwriter Known For 'That Obscure Object of Desire,' 'Belle De Jour' Was 89". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  6. ^ a b Saperstein, Pat (8 February 2021). "Jean-Claude Carriere, 'Unbearable Lightness of Being' Screenwriter, Dies at 89". Variety. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  7. ^ a b "The 35th Academy Awards – 1963". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay "Jean-Claude Carrière". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm "Jean-Claude Carrière". British Film Institute. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  10. ^ "The 45th Academy Awards – 1973". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  11. ^ "The 50th Academy Awards – 1978". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  12. ^ "The 52nd Academy Awards – 1980". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  13. ^ "The 61st Academy Awards – 1989". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  14. ^ "Mort du scénariste et écrivain Jean-Claude Carrière". La Presse. Montreal. Agence France-Presse. 8 February 2021. Retrieved 9 February 2021. (in French)
  15. ^ Mälhammar, Åsa. Report from Stockholm, Sweden. Opera, October 2001, Vol 52 No.10, p1247.
  16. ^ Clee, Nicholas (27 May 2012). "This is Not the End of the Book by Umberto Eco and Jean-Claude Carrière – review". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
  17. ^ MAGNERON, Philippe. "Carrière, Jean-Claude - Bibliographie, BD, photo, biographie". bedetheque.com.
  18. ^ a b "Honorary Award". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  19. ^ a b c McGilligan, Patrick (2010). Backstory 5: Interviews with Screenwriters of the 1990s. University of California Press. ISBN 9780520251052.
  20. ^ "Padma Awards 2015". Press Information Bureau. Archived from the original on 26 January 2015. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
  21. ^ "WGSBN Bulletin Archive". Working Group Small Body Nomenclature. 16 June 2021. Retrieved 18 June 2021. (Bulletin #3)
  22. ^ a b c d e f Thomson, David (2014). The New Biographical Dictionary of Film. Alfred A. Knopf. p. 163. ISBN 9780375711848.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Jean-Claude Carriere". American Film Institute. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  24. ^ "Serieux comme le plaisir (1975) – Credits". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  25. ^ "Le Diable Dans La Boite – Full Cast & Crew". TV Guide. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  26. ^ de Baroncelli, Jean (7 May 1979). ""Retour a la bien-aimée" de Jean-François Adam". Le Monde. Paris. Retrieved 9 February 2021. (in French)
  27. ^ "Les Exploits d'un jeune Don Juan (1987) – Credits". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  28. ^ "C'était la guerre (It Was War). 1993. Directed by Maurice Failevic, Ahmed Rachedi". New York City: Museum of Modern Art. May 2019. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  29. ^ L'Express. Groupe Express. 1997. p. 92.
  30. ^ "Rien, voilà l'ordre (Jacques Baratier, 2001)". Cinémathèque Française. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  31. ^ Holland, Jonathan (18 May 2012). "Memories of My Melancholy Whores". Variety. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  32. ^ Gyarke, Lovia (2 September 2021). "Sheila Vand and Matt Dillon in 'Land of Dreams': Film Review; Venice 2021". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
  33. ^ Sicilier, Jacques (18 January 1975). ""Sérieux comme le plaisir" de R. Benayoun". Le Monde. Paris. Retrieved 9 February 2021. (in French)
  34. ^ Prédal 1994, p. 367.
  35. ^ Prédal 1994, p. 92.
  36. ^ "The Tin Drum: The Director's Cut". Janus Films. p. 3. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  37. ^ "The Secret Book (2006)". Mubi. Retrieved 9 February 2021.

Bibliography

External links

Copyright