Jepara

Jepara City
Kota Jepara
City
Jepara Monument near the city square
Jepara Monument near the city square
Nickname(s): 
The World Carving Centre
Jepara City is located in Indonesia
Jepara City
Jepara City
Location of Jepara City in Indonesia
Coordinates: 6°32′0″S 110°40′0″E / 6.53333°S 110.66667°E / -6.53333; 110.66667Coordinates: 6°32′0″S 110°40′0″E / 6.53333°S 110.66667°E / -6.53333; 110.66667
Country Indonesia
Province Central Java
Regency Jepara Regency
Area
 • Total 24.667 km2 (9.524 sq mi)
Elevation
768 m (2,520 ft)
Population
 (mid 2019)
 • Total 1,257,912
 • Density 51,000/km2 (130,000/sq mi)
  [1]
Time zone UTC+7 (WIB)
Website [1]

Jepara is a town in the province of Central Java, Indonesia. Jepara is on the north coast of Java, north-east of Semarang, not far from Mount Muria, with a population of 92,967 in mid 2019.[2] It is also the main town of Jepara Regency, which has a population of about 1,258,000 (in 2019).[3] Jepara is known for the Javanese teak wood carving art as well as the birthplace of Kartini, a pioneer in the area of women's rights for Indonesians.

Demographics

The population of Jepara regency approximately reaches 1.5 million people, 49.86% male and 50.14% female. On the productivity age basis, the considered working-group age (between 15-64 yo) dominates Jepara' number population at 67.90%, meanwhile the rest of 25.55% and 6.55% belongs to the children and retired-people group, respectively.

Jepara people is originally rooted as Javanese and religiously speaking, over 98% are Muslim.

The village of Plajan and the village of Tempur have a comparatively multi-religious population.[4]

Economy

Jepara is known for its furniture industry, notably the teak furniture.[citation needed] The trade has brought considerable prosperity to Jepara, well above the average for Central Java. Since there is a large export trade, the fall in the value of the rupiah against the U.S. dollar and other currencies has probably led to an increase in income for the [furniture makers].[citation needed]

History

Jepara city views around the year 1650

People believed to have come from South Yunnan region migrated into the northern tip of Java during a time when Jepara was still separated by the Juwana Strait.[citation needed]

1858 map of Jepara

In the 16th century, Jepara was an important port; in early 1513, its king, Yunnus (Pati Unus) led an attack against Portuguese Malacca. His force is said to have been made up of one hundred ships and 5000 men from Jepara and Palembang but was defeated. Between 1518 and 1521 he apparently ruled over Demak. The rule of Ratu ('Queen') Kalinyamat in the latter 16th century was, however, Jepara's most influential. Jepara again attacked Malacca in 1551 this time with Johor but was defeated, and in 1574 besieged Malacca for three months.[5]

It was the site of an English Fort in the 17th century.[citation needed] It is the birthplace of Indonesian national heroine Kartini.[citation needed]

Contemporary Jepara

The population is almost entirely Javanese and over 95% Muslim.[citation needed] As a pesisir ('coastal') area many traders from around the world landed in Jepara centuries ago.[citation needed] As a result, some of Jepara's resident have at part European, Chinese, Arabs, Malay or Bugis ancestry.[citation needed]

The town is renowned its furniture industry. The trade has brought considerable prosperity to Jepara, well above the average for Central Java.[citation needed]

Climate

Jepara has a tropical monsoon climate (Am) with moderate to little rainfall from May to October and heavy to very heavy rainfall from November to April.

Kingdoms

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