Jiří Rusnok

Jiří Rusnok
Rusnok Jiří 2013.JPG
Prime Minister of the Czech Republic
In office
25 June 2013 – 29 January 2014
President Miloš Zeman
Deputy Jan Fischer
Martin Pecina
Preceded by Petr Nečas
Succeeded by Bohuslav Sobotka
Governor of the Czech National Bank
Assumed office
1 July 2016
Vice Governor Mojmír Hampl
Vladimír Tomšík
Preceded by Miroslav Singer
Minister of Industry and Trade
In office
15 July 2002 – 19 March 2003
Prime Minister Vladimír Špidla
Preceded by Miroslav Grégr
Succeeded by Milan Urban
Minister of Finance
In office
13 April 2001 – 15 July 2002
Prime Minister Miloš Zeman
Preceded by Pavel Mertlík
Succeeded by Bohuslav Sobotka
Personal details
Born (1960-10-16) 16 October 1960 (age 61)
Ostrava, Czechoslovakia
(now Czech Republic)
Political party Social Democratic Party (1998–2010)
Independent (2010–present)
Alma mater University of Economics, Prague

Jiří Rusnok (born 16 October 1960) is a Czech politician and economist who served as the prime minister of the Czech Republic between June 2013 and January 2014. Since 1 July 2016 he has been serving as the governor of the Czech National Bank.

Previously, Rusnok served in the government of the Czech Republic as minister of Finance from 2001 to 2002 and as minister of Industry and Trade from 2002 to 2003. On 25 June 2013, he was appointed as the prime minister by President Miloš Zeman.[1][2] Rusnok replaced Petr Nečas, who resigned over a corruption and spying affair.

On 25 May 2016, President Miloš Zeman appointed Rusnok as fourth governor of the Czech National Bank, succeeding Miroslav Singer. Rusnok took office on 1 July 2016.[3]

Early life

Rusnok was born in Ostrava-Vítkovice.[4] He studied at the University of Economics in Prague, graduating in 1984.

Career

Rusnok worked for Státní plánovací komise (State Planning Commission) and Federální ministerstvo pro strategické plánování (Federal Ministry for Strategic Planning). Before the so-called Velvet Revolution, he was a candidate for membership in the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia.[5]

In the 1990s, Rusnok worked as director of a department of the Czech-Moravian Confederation of Trade Unions (1992–1998). He joined politics in 1998 as a member of the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD). Prime Minister Miloš Zeman appointed Rusnok to his cabinet as Finance Minister in June 2001. He continued as Minister of Industry and Trade in the cabinet of Vladimír Špidla; however, he resigned his post and parliamentary mandate and left politics in March 2003, after disagreements with Špidla. After that, he worked in the private sector.[5]

Prime Minister

President Miloš Zeman appointed Rusnok as Prime Minister of a caretaker government in June 2013 in a move that was criticized by political parties in the Czech Republic. It was called irresponsible by the parties of the former coalition government (ODS and TOP 09),[6] while the opposition (ČSSD) called for early elections.[7][8]

On 7 August 2013, Chamber of Deputies denied support[why?] to the caretaker government of Rusnok. His cabinet got support of 93 legislators, compared to 100 against, while seven legislators abstained. A majority of voting legislators was required. Following the vote, TOP 09 stated that due to a lack of support for a potential renewed ODS-TOP 09-LIDEM government, they would instead support an early election. The ČSSD and KSČM also supported an early election.[9][10] In reaction, Rusnok signaled his intention to resign the next day: "I think this result is positive, as far as further political development in our country is concerned. It will lead to the dissolution of the parliament."[11]

Governor of the Czech National Bank

In 2014, Zeman appointed Rusnok to the seven-member board of the Czech National Bank, replacing Eva Zamrazilova.[12] In 2016, he succeeded Miroslav Singer as the bank’s governor, again following an appointment by Zeman.[13]

Other activities

Political position

Rusnok supports moving the Czech Republic closer to adopting the euro. In 2014, he also backed the central bank’s policy of weakening the Czech koruna to fight deflation risks and help an economy recovering from a record-long recession.[12]

See also

References

  1. ^ Willoughby, Ian (25 June 2013). "President Zeman appoints Rusnok as caretaker prime minister". Czech Radio. Retrieved 25 June 2013.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Jiri Rusnok appointed as new Czech prime minister". BBC. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  3. ^ https://financialobserver.eu/daily/jiri-rusnok-becomes-the-new-governor-of-the-czech-national-bank/
  4. ^ Marešová, Gabriela (25 June 2013). "Jiří Rusnok: Uznávaný ekonom, který hlasitě podporoval Miloše Zemana". Hospodářské noviny (in Czech). iHNED. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  5. ^ a b Jiřička, Jan (25 June 2013). "Premiér Rusnok: dvojnásobný ministr, člen NERV i podporovatel Klause". Mladá fronta DNES (in Czech). iDNES. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  6. ^ "Vládu sestaví ekonom Rusnok, rozhodl Zeman" (in Czech). Czech Television. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  7. ^ "Czech president picks Rusnok as premier in showdown with parties". Reuters. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  8. ^ "Mé další kroky musí vést ke zklidnění, žádné tsunami, řekl Zeman". Mladá fronta DNES (in Czech). iDNES. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  9. ^ "Rusnokova vláda nezískala důvěru" (in Czech). novinky.cz. 7 August 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  10. ^ Novák, Jakub (7 August 2013). "Online: 100 proti 93, Rusnok důvěru nezískal" (in Czech). aktualne.cz. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  11. ^ http://www.euronews.com/2013/08/08/early-elections-expected-after-czech-pm-loses-confidence-vote
  12. ^ a b Robert Muller (February 5, 2014), Czech president appoints former PM Rusnok to central bank board Reuters.
  13. ^ Martin M. Sobczyk (May 25, 2016), Former Czech Prime Minister Appointed Central Bank Governor Wall Street Journal.
  14. ^ Members European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB).
  15. ^ Members International Monetary Fund (IMF).
Political offices
Preceded by
Pavel Mertlík
Minister of Finance
2001–2002
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Miroslav Grégr
Minister of Industry and Trade
2002–2003
Succeeded by
Milan Urban
Preceded by Prime Minister of the Czech Republic
2013–2014
Succeeded by
Government offices
Preceded by Governor of the Czech National Bank
2016–present
Incumbent

Copyright