Jizan Region

Coordinates: 17°30′N 42°30′E / 17.500°N 42.500°E / 17.500; 42.500


Map of Saudi Arabia with Jizan highlighted
Map of Saudi Arabia with Jizan highlighted
Capital Jizan
Boroughs 14
 • Governor Prince Muhammad bin Nasr
 • Deputy Governor Muhammad bin Abdulaziz bin Muhammad bin Abdulaziz
 • Total 11,671 km2 (4,506 sq mi)
 • Total 1,567,547
 • Density 130/km2 (350/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2

Jizan Region (Arabic: جيزانJizān) is the second smallest (after Al Bahah) region of Saudi Arabia. It stretches 300 km along the southern Red Sea coast, just north of Yemen. It covers an area of 11,671 km² and has a population of 1,567,547 at the 2017 census[1]. The region has the highest population density in the Kingdom. The capital is the city of Jizan; Muhammad bin Nasser bin Abdulaziz is the current Governor.

The region includes over 100 islands in the Red Sea. It was the poorest region in the kingdom in the past.[2] However, Jizan Economic City is a mega project that is planned to boost the economy of the region and make it part of the Saudi economic growth[3]. The Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia's first conservation protected area, are home to the endangered Arabian gazelle and, in winter, migratory birds from Europe.


The region divides into three parts.

  • The Al-Sarawat mountains inland, which rise to about 3,000 metres.
  • The Alhazoun forest district consists of forest broken by some areas of rich pasture.
  • The plains are noted for the production of coffee beans, cereal grain crops (barley, millet and wheat) and fruit (apples, bananas, grapes, mangoes, papayas, plums and citrus varieties).

Though the climate on the highlands is similar to the relatively wetter climate of 'Asir, the coastal regions of Jazan province are part of Tihamah, probably the hottest place in the country, with mean maximum temperatures ranging from 40 °C (104 °F) in July to 31 °C (88 °F) in January. High humidity from coastal lagoons makes the climate even less bearable than it would be otherwise. Rainfall is extremely low at less than 75 millimetres (3 inches) per year. Sabya is located in the center between the mountain and the beach.


The region is sub-divided into 14 governorates as follows[4]:

Jazan's Governorates
Name Native name Census
15 September 2004
Census (Preliminary)
28 April 2010
Abu Arish أبو عريش 123,943 197,112
Alddair الدائر 49,239 59,494
Alddarb الدرب 52,062 69,134
Ahad Almasarihah أحد المسارحة 70,038 110,710
Alaridah العارضة 62,841 76,705
Alaydabi العيدابي 52,515 60,799
Alharth الحرث 47,073 18,586
Alraith الريث 13,406 18,961
Baish بيش 58,269 77,442
Damad ضمد 62,366 71,601
Farasan فرسان 13,962 17,999
Jizan جازان 255,340 157,536
Sabya صبياء 198,086 228,375
Samtah صامطة 128,447 201,656
Total Province 1,187,587 1,365,110


For centuries, the majority of the inhabitants have been ٍSunni Muslims.

The Arabic language is spoken by over 90% of the inhabitants.

Environmental Projects

In 2019, the Saudi Government allocated $213 million to implement water and environmental projects in the region. Such projects include, installing a sewage treatment line, sewage network, sewage connections for households, and a station for pumping.[5]


  1. ^ "Population Characteristics surveys" (PDF). General Authority for Statistics. 2017.
  2. ^ "Poverty in the Kingdom of Gold". Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  3. ^ "Jazan Economic City Quarter Report" (PDF). Rcjy.gov.sa. 2017.
  4. ^ "ُmirate of Jazan". emirate of Jazan.
  5. ^ "Saudi Arabia implements environmental projects in Jazan worth over $200m". Arab News. 15 April 2019. Retrieved 15 April 2019.

Further reading

  • S.I. Bruk, Narody Peredney Azii (1960);
  • S.I. Bruk, and V. S. Apenchenko, Atlas Narodov Mira (Moscow: Academy of Science, 1964)
  • A. Gabriel, Religionsgeographie von Persien (Vienna, 1971).

External links