The image is from Wikipedia Commons
|Birth name||Joan Anita Barbara Armatrading|
|Born|| (1950-12-09) 9 December 1950
Basseterre, Saint Christopher and Nevis, British Leeward Islands
|Genres||Rock, pop, folk rock, blues|
|Instruments||Vocals, guitar, keyboards, bass guitar|
|Labels||Cube Records, A&M, RCA, Universal, EMI, Savoy Jazz|
A three-time Grammy Award nominee, Armatrading has also been nominated twice for BRIT Awards as Best Female Artist. She received an Ivor Novello Award for Outstanding Contemporary Song Collection in 1996.
In a recording career spanning nearly 50 years, Armatrading has released 20 studio albums, as well as several live albums and compilations.
Joan Armatrading, the third of six children, was born in 1950 in the town of Basseterre in what was then the British colony Saint Christopher and Nevis. Her father was a carpenter and her mother a housewife. When she was three years old, her parents moved with their two eldest boys to Birmingham in England, sending Joan to live with her grandmother on the Caribbean island of Antigua. In early 1958, at the age of seven, she joined her parents in Brookfields, then a district of Birmingham. (The area, now mostly demolished, has been absorbed into the district of Hockley.) Her father had played in a band in his youth, later forbidding his children from touching his guitar. At about the age of 14 Armatrading began writing songs by setting her own limericks to music on a piano that her mother had purchased as "a piece of furniture". Armatrading then began teaching herself guitar after her mother had bought her one that was worth £3 (equivalent to £59 in 2020) from a pawn shop in exchange for two prams.
Armatrading left school at the age of 15 to help support her family. She lost her first job (as a typist and comptometer operator) after taking her guitar to work and playing it during tea-breaks.
Late 1960s and 1970s
Armatrading first performed in a concert at Birmingham University for her brother at the age of about 16. She only knew her own songs, but her brother asked her to perform something that would be familiar to the audience; she chose "The Sound of Silence". She then performed her own songs around the local area with a friend from school, and played bass- and rhythm-guitar at local clubs. In 1968 Armatrading joined a touring production of the stage musical Hair. There she met the lyricist Pam Nestor in 1970, and they worked together on Armatrading's debut album Whatever's for Us, released by Cube Records in 1972. Nestor wrote the lyrics to 11 of the 14 songs on the album, while Armatrading wrote the lyrics to three of them, performed all the vocals, wrote all the music and played an array of instruments on the album. Although Nestor was credited as co-lyricist, Cube regarded Armatrading as the more likely star material. These events produced a tension that broke up the partnership.
On 28 November 1972 Armatrading appeared on the BBC Radio 1 John Peel Show performing "Head of the Table", "Spend A Little Time", "Child Star" and "Whatever's For Us". She sang and played acoustic guitar and piano. In 1973 Cube released on the Fly label (catalogue: Bug 31) Armatrading's first single, "Lonely Lady" (with lyrics by Nestor), a song that had not been included on the album. It proved unsuccessful in the charts, and a period of inactivity for Armatrading followed while she extricated herself from her contract with Cube Records. The single was subsequently withdrawn by Cube and re-released as a promotional single in the US by Armatrading's new label A&M Records, the same year (as A&M1452). In January 1974 she appeared again on the John Peel Show. Performing "Some Sort Of Love Song", "Lonely Lady" and "Freedom", she again sang and played acoustic guitar and piano, but was accompanied by supporting musicians Snowy White (guitar), Mike Tomich (bass) and Brian Glassock (drums).
In 1975 Armatrading was free to sign with A&M Records, and issued the album Back to the Night, which was promoted[by whom?] on tour with six-piece English jazz-pop group The Movies. Armatrading credited English singer Elkie Brooks on the sleeve notes as she had cooked for Armatrading and the band in the studio while they had been making the album, which was produced by Brooks' then husband Pete Gage. A major publicity relaunch in 1976 and the involvement of producer Glyn Johns propelled her next album, Joan Armatrading, into the Top 20 and spawned the Top-10 hit single "Love and Affection". The album mixed acoustic work with jazz-influenced material, and this style was retained for the 1977 follow-up Show Some Emotion, also produced by Glyn Johns, as was 1978's To the Limit. These albums included songs which became staples of Armatrading's live shows, including "Willow", "Down to Zero", "Tall in the Saddle", and "Kissin' and a Huggin'". Also at this time Armatrading wrote and performed "The Flight of the Wild Geese", which was used during the opening- and end-titles of the 1978 war film The Wild Geese. The song was included on the soundtrack album for the film, originally released by A&M Records, later released under licence as a Cinephile DVD. A live album entitled Steppin' Out was released in 1979.
Between 1972 and 1976 Armatrading made a total of eight appearances in session for the John Peel show, and the decade saw her become the first Black British female singer-songwriter to enjoy international success.
1980s and 1990s
In 1980 Armatrading revised her playing style and released Me Myself I, a harder rock- and pop-oriented album produced by Richard Gottehrer, who had previously produced albums for Blondie. The album became Armatrading's highest ever charting album both in the UK and the US, while the title track became her second UK Top 40 hit single. In that year, she performed on Rockpalast night. The same pop style as on her previous album, now coupled with synthesisers, was also evident on the 1981 album Walk Under Ladders and 1983's The Key. All three of these albums were Top 10 successes in the UK, with The Key also producing the hit single "Drop the Pilot", Armatrading's third UK Top 40 hit single (UK #11). To capitalise on her success, A&M released the best of compilation album, Track Record in 1983.
Armatrading performed in 1985 at a sold-out concert at the Red Rocks Amphitheater in Denver, and another concert in Arizona with Cook da Books. That year she released her next album, Secret Secrets. The album was a top 20 hit but failed to yield any hit singles, cementing Armatrading's status as an "album artist". Taking over production responsibilities herself, she recorded the albums Sleight of Hand (1986), The Shouting Stage (1988) and Hearts and Flowers (1990) for A&M Records, which all made the UK Top 40 but failed to achieve the level of commercial success of her earlier works despite successful national tours (a show from her 1988 "Shouting Stage" tour was also filmed for television).
In 1989 she was the guest of Sue Lawley on the BBC Radio 4 radio programme Desert Island Discs where her favourite choice was Van Morrison's "Madame George". Armatrading's full list included Ella Fitzgerald and Gustav Mahler. Her luxury item was a guitar, while her castaway's book was Why Didn't They Ask Evans? by Agatha Christie.
In 1991 A&M released the compilation The Very Best of Joan Armatrading which returned her to the Top 10. However, her following studio album for A&M, 1992's Square the Circle, did not replicate this success and would be her final recording for the label. Following her departure from A&M, a label she had been with for almost 20 years, Armatrading signed with RCA for her 1995 album What's Inside. Despite various television appearances and a full tour (which included a string quartet in addition to her stage band), the album was not a commercial success, becoming her lowest charting studio album in 20 years. In December 1998, she released Lullabies with a Difference, an album of lullabies contributed by her and several of her favourite artists, in honour of PACES, a charity for children with cerebral palsy.
In 2003, no longer attached to a major label, she released the album Lovers Speak. Though it was her first album in eight years, it met with little commercial success. In 2004, she released a live album, Live: All the Way from America, which was a recording of a concert from her Lovers Speak tour.
Her 2007 album Into the Blues debuted at No. 1 on the US Billboard Blues Chart, making Armatrading the first UK female artist to earn that distinction. Into the Blues, which Armatrading called "the CD I've been promising myself to write for a long time", was nominated for a Grammy Award, also making her the first female UK artist to be nominated in the Grammy Blues category.
In 2007 Armatrading appeared in Episode 3 of the second series of Live from Abbey Road performing "Tall in the Saddle" from her 1976 self-titled album, and "Woman in Love" from the album Into The Blues. She also appeared on Later... with Jools Holland where she performed "Love and Affection", as well as "Woman in Love" and "My Baby's Gone" both from her 2007 Into The Blues album.
On 29 March 2010 she released a new album, This Charming Life. The album peaked at No. 4 on the US Billboard Folk Albums chart. She embarked on an international tour to promote it, and a concert from this tour in April 2010 at the Royal Albert Hall in London was released on the CD/DVD album Live at the Royal Albert Hall, along with two tracks from a concert in Denver, Colorado, US, in February 2011. In 2012, she released the album Starlight.
Armatrading has always supported new music and local talent. For her 2012 Starlight tour she invited 56 singer–songwriters/artists to open for her in their respective home towns before her main tour support Chris Wood. Each of the artists opening for her across the UK also had a track selected for a three disc compilation released by her record label Hypertension Music. She presented Armatrading's Singer-Songwriters, a two-part radio series showcasing these artists, which was broadcast on BBC Radio Two in February 2013.
In 2014 and 2015, Armatrading embarked on her last major tour, the Me Myself I Tour, the first to feature her solo on stage. An accompanying CD/DVD album, entitled Me Myself I World Tour, was released in 2016.
In 2016, Armatrading was commissioned by director Phyllida Lloyd and the Donmar Warehouse to write the music to an all-female production of William Shakespeare's The Tempest. Armatrading released an accompanying digital album, The Tempest Songs.
Appearances and other media
In addition to recording, Armatrading has toured extensively and appeared in high-profile concerts such as "The Picnic at Blackbushe" in 1978 (alongside Bob Dylan and Eric Clapton) and The Prince's Trust Rock Gala in 1983. She also appeared in the film The Secret Policeman's Third Ball in 1987. She has also made many appearances on television, including The Old Grey Whistle Test in 1975, "Joan Armatrading: Rock Over Europe" in 1980, "Joan Armatrading in Concert" in 1982, "Late Night in Concert" in 1984, "Joan Armatrading" in 1985 and "In Concert" in 1988.
Armatrading presented a five-part series on BBC Radio 4 called Joan Armatrading's Favourite Guitarists which was broadcast in July 2009, in which she talked to guitarists about their music and their technique. She followed this up with another five-part series called Joan Armatrading: More Guitar Favourites, which was broadcast in November and December 2011.
On 19 May 2015 Armatrading appeared on BBC Two's Later... with Jools Holland, singing "Me Myself I". On 11 May 2018 she was a guest on BBC One's The Graham Norton Show and performed her new single "I Like It When We're Together".
In September 2019 Armatrading was the subject of the one-hour documentary Me Myself I, aired on BBC Four, in which she tells her life story, both as a songwriter and as a performer, with key performances from many of the musicians she has influenced.
She's a little long-winded, but that's mostly because she puts so much thought into her relationships, which in turn is because she puts so much feeling into them; this is one of those rare pop stars who's invariably serious but never pompous, which is why she isn't a bigger star.
Her songs have been described as "some of the most deeply personal and emotionally naked ... of our times". In a 2003 interview, she said: "My songs aren't about me at all. They're always about love, the pain and anguish of it. But the way I've always written is from observation. They're about what I see other people going through. If the songs were about me I'd be so embarrassed I don't think I'd be able to walk out the front door." She went on to say: "the optimistic songs reveal a bit more of me because that's how I feel. I'm definitely a 'glass is half full' kind of a person." Many of her lyrics do not specify the gender of their subjects and she frequently uses the word "you" rather than a gender pronoun.
Armatrading performs on both six- and twelve-string acoustic and electric guitars. She has played on Ovation acoustic instruments since 1973, and said this about them in an interview with the magazine Guitar Player: "I'm a bit of a hitter, you see – I bash – and I like to have everything going at once: bass, harmony, and melody. This is why I love Ovations. They are very powerful-sounding guitars, and when I hit those strings, they ring with a nice, clear, percussive – but not overly bright – sound that highlights the rhythms I like to play." She has played Fender Stratocaster and Gibson electric guitars. For her 2012–13 tour, she performed on six- and 12-string Ovations, Stratocasters, and customised Tom Anderson guitars, while for her 2014–2015 Me Myself I Tour, she performed on Ovation and Variax instruments.
People who like my music have a legitimate interest in me, but I need to retain some privacy, not to be telling people what's going on, or what I feel. When you go home, the reason it's beautiful is because it's personal to you and the people you want to include in it.
In addition to her music career, in 2001, after five years of studying, Armatrading earned a BA degree in history from the Open University, of which she is now a trustee. Between 2005 and 2010, Armatrading served as president of the Women of the Year Lunches.
As of 2012, Armatrading lived in Surrey, where she owns Bumpkin Studios, a purpose built recording facility in the grounds of her home where she has recorded most of her albums since Sleight of Hand.
In 1997, she made an appearance on the charity single "Perfect Day".
Armatrading's song "In These Times" from her 2003 album Lovers Speak, appeared on the compilation album Songs for Tibet: The Art of Peace which was released in 2008 by The Art Of Peace Foundation.
Armatrading has been nominated three times for a Grammy Award and twice for a Brit Award as best female vocalist. She received an Ivor Novello Award for Outstanding Contemporary Song Collection in 1996. She has received honorary degrees from the Liverpool John Moores University (2000), the University of Birmingham (2002), the University of Northampton (2003), Aston University (2006), the Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama (2008), and the Open University and the University of the West Indies (2013). She was appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) in the 2001 Birthday Honours and Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2020 Birthday Honours for services to music, charity and equal rights.
In October 2011, Armatrading was presented with a BASCA Gold Badge Award in recognition of her contribution to music. In May 2012, before her concert at Uttoxeter, as part of the 2012 Acoustic Festival of Britain, she was presented with a Lifetime Achievement Award.
In April 2016, she was presented with a Lifetime Achievement Award at the 2016 BBC Radio 2 Folk Awards in recognition of her "influence on a generation of singer-songwriters [as] one of the outstanding voices in British music since the 1970s".
|1980||Grammy Awards||Best Female Rock Vocal Performance||How Cruel||Nominated|
|1983||Grammy Awards||The Key||Nominated|
|1987||Brit Awards||Best British Female Solo Artist||Joan Armatrading||Nominated|
|Ivor Novello Awards||Outstanding Contemporary Song Collection||What's Inside||Won|
|2007||Grammy Awards||Best Contemporary Blues Album||Into the Blues||Nominated|
|2011||BASCA||Gold Badge Award||Joan Armatrading||Won|
|2016||BBC Radio 2 Folk Awards||Lifetime Achievement Award||Won|
- Whatever's for Us (1972)
- Back to the Night (1975)
- Joan Armatrading (1976)
- Show Some Emotion (1977)
- To the Limit (1978)
- Me Myself I (1980)
- Walk Under Ladders (1981)
- The Key (1983)
- Secret Secrets (1985)
- Sleight of Hand (1986)
- The Shouting Stage (1988)
- Hearts and Flowers (1990)
- Square the Circle (1992)
- What's Inside (1995)
- Lovers Speak (2003)
- Into the Blues (2007)
- This Charming Life (2010)
- Starlight (2012)
- Not Too Far Away (2018)
- Consequences (2021)
- "Overview Joan Armatrading". Oxford Reference. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
- Lindsey, Craig D (13 July 2000). "Union Joan". Houston Press. Retrieved 31 October 2011.
- Birch, Helen (4 November 2005). "Interview: Joan Armatrading". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
- Thomas, David (27 March 2003). "Reluctant exposure". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
- McVeigh, Sarah (26 March 2013). "Joan Armatrading speaks to Richard Glover about music, love and affection". ABC Sydney. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- Mendez, Serafín; Cueto, Gail; Rodríguez Deynes, Neysa (July 2003). "Joan Armatrading (1950–) St. Kitts singer and songwriter". Notable Caribbeans and Caribbean Americans: a biographical dictionary. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 22–24. ISBN 978-0-313-31443-8. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- Tuber, Keith (September 1983). "Joan Armatrading hopes The Key finds success". Orange Coast Magazine. Emmis Communications: 130–131. ISSN 0279-0483. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- Brown, Helen (27 August 2005). "Don't drop the pilot!". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
- "Joan Armatrading is looking for new talent". Birmingham Mail. 15 July 2011. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
- Mayes, 1990, p. 3
- Dargue, William. "Brookfields". History of Birmingham Places & Placenames A to Y. Retrieved 12 January 2013.
- "Up close and very personal". The Scotsman. 9 March 2003. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
- UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 2 December 2021.
- Chilton, Martin (28 April 2016). "Joan Armatrading interview: I ignored advice to change my name". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
- "Joan Armatrading (b. 1950)" at the National Portrait Gallery, London.
- Joan Armatrading biography at AllMusic. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- Strong, Martin C. (2000). The Great Rock Discography (5th ed.). Edinburgh: Mojo Books. pp. 29–30. ISBN 1-84195-017-3.
- "31/10.1974 Joan Armatrading – Keeping It Peel at bbc.co.uk". Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "BBC – Radio 1 – Keeping It Peel – 14/01/1974 Joan Armatrading". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "SNL Season 02 Episode 21 – Shelley Duvall, Joan Armatrading". NBC. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
- "Rockpalast Archiv" (in German and English). Rockpalast. Retrieved 3 November 2012.
- Box Score Top Grossing Concerts. Billboard. Nielsen Business Media. 1 June 1985. pp. 48–. ISSN 0006-2510.
- "Joan Armatrading, Desert Island Discs – BBC Radio 4". BBC. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- The full list was Violin Concerto in E Minor by Felix Mendelssohn, "That Old Black Magic" by Ella Fitzgerald, "Madame George" by Van Morrison, Symphony No. 4 in G major by Gustav Mahler, The Magnificent Seven theme by the Cincinnati Pops Orchestra, "Dies irae" (from Requiem Mass) by Giuseppe Verdi, "I'm a Man" by Muddy Waters and Symphony No. 9 in E minor (from The New World) by Antonín Dvořák.
- "Joan Armatrading Artist Profile". Harmony Ridge Music. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
- Billboard.com (This Charming Life)
- Jurek, Thom. Review of Live at Royal Albert Hall at AllMusic. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- "Starlight: Joan Armatrading". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- "Joan Armatrading Supports Local Talent on her September to November 2012 UK and Ireland tour". LocalTalent. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
- "Joan Armatrading presents 56 singer/song-writers of the Local Talent". Propermusic.com. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
- "Armatrading's Singer-Songwriters – Episode guide". BBC. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
- "Joan Armatrading Readying The Release Of 'Me Myself I World Tour' DVD And CD Set For Release". 429 Records via PR Newswire. 14 October 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
- "One woman, one guitar: Joan Armatrading goes it alone on yearlong world tour". Guitar Girl Magazine. 19 April 2015. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
- Taylor, Paul (23 November 2016). "Shakespeare Trilogy, Donmar King's Cross, London, review: No queue for returns is more worth joining than the Saturday marathons". The Independent. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
- "About Joan". Joan Armatrading's website. Archived from the original on 20 March 2018. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
- "Not Too Far Away". AllMusic. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
- Monroe, Jazz (5 May 2021). "Joan Armatrading Announces New Album Consequences". Pitchfork. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
- Petridis, Alexis (17 June 2021). "Joan Armatrading: Consequences review – strikingly inventive songwriter deserves her due". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
- "Joan Armatrading: The Concert (1988)". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
- "Joan Armatrading's Favourite Guitarists". BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "Joan Armatrading: More Guitar Favourites". BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "Later... with Jools Holland, Series 46, Episode 6". BBC. 19 May 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
- "Episode 6, Series 23, The Graham Norton Show – BBC One". BBC. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "Joan Armatrading: Me Myself I". BBC Four. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
- "The Beano is just dandy, says Joan". JoanArmatrading.com. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
- "Joan Armatrading's appearance in the Beano". DC Thomson. 30 July 2018. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
- Christgau, Robert (1990). "A". Christgau's Record Guide: The '80s. Pantheon Books. ISBN 0-679-73015-X. Retrieved 16 August 2020 – via robertchristgau.com.
- Pareles, Jon (26 August 1988). "Review/Pop; Armatrading at Pier 84". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
Connell, John; Gibson, Chris (2003). Sound Tracks: Popular Music, Identity, and Place. London: Routledge. p. 218. ISBN 0-415-17027-3.
even where lyrics were gender-free, as in much of the music of Joan Armatrading or George Michael, performers dismissed discussions of their sexual identities.[dead link]
- Walsh, John (27 July 2009). "Guitar hero – the radio tour". The Independent. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "Gearbox: equipment picks from Joan Armatrading". Acoustic Guitar (43). July 1996. Archived from the original on 4 April 2009. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "Joan Armatrading". Guitar Player. 38 (12). December 2004.[dead link]
- Fitzgerald, Eric (13 September 2012). "Joan Armatrading... legendary singer, songwriter and guitarist". Limerick Post. Archived from the original on 20 September 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- Birch, Helen (4 November 2005). "Joan Armatrading: 'I prefer birdsong to chatter'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
- Smith, Andrea (14 October 2012). "Joan's music tells the story". Irish Independent. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
- Smithies, Gran (21 September 2014). "Joan Armatrading's enduring charm". Stuff. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
- Anderson-Minshall, Diane (26 February 2013). "Joan Armatrading Still Sings of Love and Affection". The Advocate. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
- "Singer/songwriter Joan Armatrading on Guildford life, Love and Affection and her music career". Surrey Life. 20 September 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
- "Joan Armatrading talks Secret Secrets". malreding.com. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
- "Tony Armatrading". British Black and Asian Shakespeare Performance Database. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
- Lewis, Isobel (10 May 2021). "Tony Armatrading: Colour Blind and Notting Hill actor dies aged 59 of cancer". The Independent. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
- "Various – Songs For Tibet: The Art Of Peace (Wisdom. Action. Freedom.)". Discogs. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
- "songs Archived 28 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine". The Art of Peace Foundation. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
- "Awards". Joanarmatrading.com. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- "No. 56237". The London Gazette (Supplement). 16 June 2001. p. 13.
- "No. 63135". The London Gazette (Supplement). 9 October 2020. p. B9.
- "Gold Badge Awards in pictures". M Magazine. 26 October 2011. Retrieved 20 January 2018./
- "Great acts lined up for the Acoustic Festival of Britain". Safeconcerts. 9 April 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
- "Mark Knopfler to perform at the Radio 2 Folk Awards 2016". BBC. 24 March 2016. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
- Booth, Al (26 April 2016). "About the BBC – Radio 2 Folk Awards 2016 at Royal Albert Hall". BBC Blogs. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
- Logan, Nick (1977), The Illustrated New Musical Express Encyclopedia of Rock (revised ed.), Salamander Books, ISBN 0-86101-009-4
- Clifford, Mike (1992), New Illustrated Rock Handbook, Salamander Books, ISBN 0-86101-721-8
- Mayes, Sean (1990). Joan Armatrading – A Biography (unauthorised). Weidenfeld and Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-81058-8.
- This page is based on the Wikipedia article Joan Armatrading; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA.