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John III, Duke of Brittany
|Duke of Brittany|
|Reign||27 August 1312 – 30 April 1341|
|Successor||disputed between: John of Montfort
and Joanna with Charles I
|Born||8 March 1286
Château de Champtoceaux
|Died||30 April 1341(1341-04-30) (aged 55)
Notre-Dame des Carmes
|Spouse||Isabella of Valois
Isabella of Castile
Joan of Savoy
|Father||Arthur II, Duke of Brittany|
|Mother||Marie, Viscountess of Limoges|
John III the Good (in Breton Yann III, in French Jean III; 8 March 1286 – 30 April 1341) was Duke of Brittany, from 1312 to his death and 5th Earl of Richmond from 1334 to his death. He was the son of Duke Arthur II of Brittany and Mary of Limoges, his first wife. John was strongly opposed to his father's second marriage to Yolande of Dreux, Queen of Scotland and attempted to contest its legality.
In 1297, John was married to his first wife Isabella of Valois, eldest child of Charles, Count of Valois and his first wife Margaret of Naples. At the time of their marriage John was eleven years old and his bride five. She died childless in 1309. In 1310, John married his second wife, Isabella of Castile. She died childless in 1328.
In 1329, John married his third wife Joan of Savoy. He predeceased his third wife by three years and died childless. He was unwilling to cede the Duchy of Brittany to his half-brother John of Montfort, son of his hated step-mother Yolande of Dreux. He wished to leave the duchy to the french King Philip VI, but his nobles objected. The marriage of his niece Joanna of Dreux to Charles of Blois gave Charles a plausible claim to the duchy, but the matter was unresolved at John's death.
After his death, John of Montfort claimed his rights as duke of Brittany, but King Philip VI supported the Blois faction, and the Breton War of Succession (1341–1364) was triggered. The Breton Civil War was fought between the House of Blois and the House of Montfort. It became part of the Hundred Years' War, as England supported the Montfort faction, which won, against the House of Blois, which was supported by France.
- Michael Jones, Creation of Brittany: A Late Medieval State, (Hambledon Press, 1988), 210.
- Inquisition Post Mortem #355, dated 1341.
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