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John Scrope, 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton
John Scrope, 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton, KG (22 July 1437 – 17 August 1498) was an English Yorkist nobleman.
He was invested as a knight before 1460 while serving as a Commissioner of the Peace for York. As a Yorkist sympathiser, he fought for the Earl of Warwick at the Battle of Northampton and was injured at the Battle of Towton. He was also at the Battle of Hexham. He was invested as a Knight of the Garter by Edward IV in 1463. In 1475 he joined the king with 20 men-at-arms and 200 archers to invade France. In 1482 he led the van of the English army under the Earl of Northumberland when invading Scotland.
He served the crown on a variety of important missions and commissions.
In 1485 he supported the Yorkist Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth but was pardoned by the victor Henry VII, possibly at the intercession of the King's mother, who was the half-sister of his second wife Elizabeth. After the accession of Henry VII he then supported the Yorkist pretender Lambert Simnel and in 1487, with Thomas, 6th Baron Scrope of Masham, made an unsuccessful attack on Bootham Bar in York, This time he had to pay a heavy fine and remain within the London area. In 1497 he fought against the Scots and assisted in raising the siege of Norham Castle.
Marriages and issue
He married secondly, before 10 December 1471, Elizabeth St John (d. before 3 July 1494), daughter of Sir Oliver St John (d.1437) and Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso, maternal grandmother of King Henry VII of England. She was the widow of William Zouche, 5th Baron Zouche (d. 25 December 1462) of Harringworth. In 1470, Elizabeth was godmother to the future King Edward V of England. Her loyalty to the House of York was inevitably suspect since she was the half-sister of Lady Margaret Beaufort, who was the mother of the future King Henry VII. John and Elizabeth were proclaimed loyalists to the House of Lancaster, yet John seemed to stick by the Yorkist side. Their daughter Mary Scrope became Baroness Conyers, as wife of William Conyers, 1st Baron Conyers.
- Tait 1897.
- "Sir John le Scrope, 5º Lord of Bolton b. 22 Jul 1435 Castle Bolton, Wensleydale, North Yorkshire, England d. 17 Aug 1498: If the Legends Are True".
- Richardson III 2011, p. 477.
- Jones & Underwood 1993, p. 33.
- Jones & Underwood 1993, pp. 33–4.
- Jones, Michael K.; Underwood, Malcolm G. (22 April 1993). The King's Mother. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-44794-2.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G. (ed.). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. 3 (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 978-1-4499-6638-6.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G. (ed.). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. 4 (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 978-1-4609-9270-8.
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- Tait, James (1897). . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 51. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Lundy, Darryl. "John Scrope, 5th Lord Scrope of Bolton". The Peerage.
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