John Wakeham


The Lord Wakeham

PC DL
Official portrait of Lord Wakeham crop 2.jpg
Leader of the House of Lords
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal
In office
11 April 1992 β€“ 20 July 1994
Prime Minister John Major
Preceded by The Lord Waddington
Succeeded by The Viscount Cranborne
Secretary of State for Energy
In office
24 July 1989 β€“ 11 April 1992
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
John Major
Preceded by Cecil Parkinson
Succeeded by Office abolished
Lord President of the Council
In office
10 January 1988 β€“ 24 July 1989
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by The Viscount Whitelaw
Succeeded by Geoffrey Howe
Leader of the House of Commons
In office
13 June 1987 β€“ 24 July 1989
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by John Biffen
Succeeded by Geoffrey Howe
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal
In office
13 June 1987 β€“ 10 January 1988
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by John Biffen
Succeeded by The Lord Belstead
Chief Whip of the House of Commons
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
In office
9 June 1983 β€“ 13 June 1987
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by Michael Jopling
Succeeded by David Waddington
Minister of State for Treasury
In office
6 April 1982 β€“ 9 June 1983
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by The Lord Cockfield
Succeeded by Barney Hayhoe
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Industry
In office
15 September 1981 β€“ 6 April 1982
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by Michael Marshall
Succeeded by John Butcher
Lord Commissioner of the Treasury
In office
9 January 1981 β€“ 15 September 1981
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by David Waddington
Succeeded by Tony Newton
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
Assumed office
28 April 1992
Life Peerage
Member of Parliament
for South Colchester and Maldon
In office
9 June 1983 β€“ 9 April 1992
Preceded by Constituency created
Succeeded by John Whittingdale
Member of Parliament
for Maldon
In office
28 February 1974 β€“ 9 June 1983
Preceded by Brian Harrison
Succeeded by Constituency Abolished
Personal details
Born (1932-06-22) 22 June 1932 (age 88)[1]
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Roberta Wakeham (19??–1984; her death)
Alison Ward (1985 – present)
Children 3
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

John Wakeham, Baron Wakeham, PC, DL (born 22 June 1932) is a British businessman and Conservative Party politician. Between 1998 and 2012, he was chancellor of Brunel University, and since then has been its chancellor emeritus.[2]

He was a director of Enron from 1994[3] until its bankruptcy in 2001.[4]

Early life and education

Wakeham as Chancellor of Brunel University

Wakeham was educated at two independent schools in Surrey: Aldro School in Shackleford, and Charterhouse School near Godalming before graduating from Christ Church, Oxford. He became a successful accountant and later a businessman.

Political career

He stood unsuccessfully in Coventry East in 1966[5] and in Putney in 1970[5] before his election to the House of Commons at the February 1974 general election as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Maldon[5] in Essex. He became a minister after Margaret Thatcher's victory in 1979.

During the late 1980s he served as Leader of the House of Commons, in which capacity he was responsible for the televising of Parliament, and as Energy Secretary (1989–92), where he drew up plans for the privatisation of electricity supply. Following a recommendation by John Major, he was created a life peer on 24 April 1992 taking the title Baron Wakeham, of Maldon in the County of Essex,[6] serving as the Leader of the House of Lords until 1994.

He became chairman of the Press Complaints Commission in 1995, retiring in 2001. In 1997 he was appointed a Deputy Lieutenant of Hampshire. Tony Blair appointed him in 1999 to head a Royal Commission on reform of the House of Lords – the resulting Wakeham Report suggested a mainly-appointed Lords be maintained, with a small elected component.[citation needed]

Personal life

His first wife, Roberta, was killed in the Brighton hotel bombing in October 1984 and he was trapped in rubble for seven hours, suffering serious crush injuries to his legs. The couple had two children. Wakeham married his secretary, Alison Ward MBE in 1985[7] and they have a son of their own. Before being Wakeham's secretary, Ward had been Margaret Thatcher's secretary.[citation needed]

Arms

Coat of arms of John Wakeham
Coronet of a British Baron.svg
Wakeham Escutcheon.png
Coronet
A Coronet of a Baron.
Crest
A Greyhound statant Or, crowned with a Mural Crown chequy Azure and Argent, and supporting by the dexter foreleg a Cross Raguly Argent, nailed of three Or.
Escutcheon
Per fess embattled Azure and Argent, a Pale counterchanged, in the azure a Lion's Head guardant Or, langued Gules, and in the argent, a Bugle Horn Azure, garnished and stringed Or.
Supporters
Dexter: a Sea-Lion Azure, Mane and Head in trian aspect Argent, langued Gules, crowned with a Crown Tridenty Gold; Sinister: a Sea-Horse Azure, Head and Neck Argent, and crowned also with a Crown Tridenty Gold, the whole upon a Compartment consisting of three Bars wavy Azure, Argent and Azure, in front thereof a Grassy Mount growing therefrom three Double Roses Argent, upon Gules, barbed and seeded stalked and leaved proper.
Motto
Vigilo (I watch)

References

  1. ^ "Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Wakeham". Retrieved 9 April 2016.
  2. ^ "Chancellor". Brunel University.
  3. ^ "Enron's board of directors". The Guardian. 30 January 2002.
  4. ^ "UC reaches $168-million settlement with Enron directors in securities fraud case". University of California. Archived from the original on 24 July 2008.
  5. ^ a b c Roth, Andrew; Kerbey, Janice; Tench, Judy (1984). Parliamentary Profiles S–Z. Parliamentary Profile Services. pp. 854–56. ISBN 0-900582-24-3.
  6. ^ "No. 52907". The London Gazette. 29 April 1992. p. 7461.
  7. ^ "John Wakeham: The watchdog now has to explain why he didn't bark". The Independent. 3 February 2002. Archived from the original on 16 January 2011.

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Brian Harrison
Member of Parliament for Maldon
1974–1983
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for
South Colchester and Maldon

1983–1992
Succeeded by
John Whittingdale
Political offices
Preceded by
Michael Jopling
Chief Whip of the Conservative Party
1983–1987
Succeeded by
David Waddington
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
1983–1987
Preceded by
John Biffen
Lord Privy Seal
1987–1988
Succeeded by
The Lord Belstead
Leader of the House of Commons
1987–1989
Succeeded by
Geoffrey Howe
Preceded by
The Viscount Whitelaw
Lord President of the Council
1988–1989
Preceded by
Cecil Parkinson
Secretary of State for Energy
1989–1992
Energy merged into
Department of Trade and Industry
Preceded by
The Lord Waddington
Leader of the House of Lords
1992–1994
Succeeded by
Viscount Cranborne
Lord Privy Seal
1992–1994
Party political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Waddington
Leader of the Conservative Party
in the House of Lords

1992–1994
Succeeded by
Viscount Cranborne
Media offices
Preceded by
Oliver McGregor
Chairman of the
Press Complaints Commission

1995–2002
Succeeded by
Robert Pinker
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Lord Wilson of Tillyorn
Gentlemen
Baron Wakeham
Followed by
The Lord Owen

Copyright