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John Eric "Johnny" Longden (February 14, 1907 – February 14, 2003) was an American Hall of Fame and National Champion jockey and a trainer of Thoroughbred racehorses who was born in Wakefield, Yorkshire, England. His father emigrated to Canada in 1909, settling in Taber, Alberta. 
By 1912, Longden Sr. had saved enough money to send for his wife and young son to join him in Canada. However, the Longdens' train was late getting to the port of Southampton, and they missed their scheduled voyage to New York City on the Titanic.
As a young man, Longden Jr. worked in the mining industry. His love of horses and horse-racing led him to leave Canada in 1927 to seek opportunities as a jockey in California's burgeoning racing scene. Based at Santa Anita Park, by 1956 he had become thoroughbred racing's winningest rider, breaking the record of 4,870 wins by British jockey Sir Gordon Richards (1904–1988). Longden, who was called "The Pumper" by his fellow jockeys because of his riding style, rode many of the great thoroughbreds of the day. In 1943, he captured the United States Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing winning the Kentucky Derby, the Preakness Stakes and the Belmont Stakes aboard Count Fleet. A sculptured bust of Longden, along with busts of fellow jockeys William Shoemaker and Laffit Pincay, has been placed in the paddock area at Santa Anita Racetrack in Arcadia, California.
A founding member of the Jockeys' Guild in 1940, Longden was the United States' leading jockey in races won in 1938, 1947, and 1948. He was also the leading jockey in purses won in 1943 and 1945. He was voted the prestigious George Woolf Memorial Jockey Award in 1952.
In 1958, Longden was inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame. He retired the following year as the jockey with the most wins in racing history with 6,032 victories from his 32,413 mounts. His last ride was in the 1966 San Juan Capistrano Handicap at Santa Anita Park, which he won aboard George Royal in a stretch duel. The clubhouse at Santa Anita Park contains an oil painting of the finish of this race. The image was used for the cover of the Santa Anita official program during the 1967 racing season.
Horse ownership and training career
Longden operated a racing stable under the name Alberta Ranches Ltd. in partnership with Frank McMahon, Wilder H. Ripley and Max Bell, longtime friends from Alberta. On January 28, 1971, Longden's wife Hazel became the first woman to train a stakes winner at Santa Anita Park when her horse Diplomatic Agent won the San Vicente Stakes. Longden's sons Eric and Vance Longden both became horse trainers.
Following his retirement from riding, Longden turned to training and became the only person to ever win the Kentucky Derby as both a jockey and trainer when he captured the 1969 Derby with Frank McMahon's colt Majestic Prince. Longden was inducted into the Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame on its formation in 1976. He went on to become the second ever recipient of the Avelino Gomez Memorial Award in 1985, given annually to jockeys who have made significant contributions to the sport. In 1994, he was recognized further by the North American racing industry with a Special Eclipse Award.
The June 12, 1954 issue of the Daily Racing Form reported that Johnny Longden was also an owner of a Standardbred racehorse which he personally drove to victory in a race at Sportsman's Park in Phoenix, Arizona. 
As of 2006, Longden still holds five track records at Santa Anita Park. Longden was a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Longden died on his 96th birthday on St. Valentine's Day at his home in Banning, California.
- "John Eric Longden". National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame. 2019-10-12. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
- "Johnny Longden". Historica Canada. 2019-05-09. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
- Many racing historians have questioned the Titanic fact as it has never been proved. Longden may have just been told this and believed it to be true.  Archived March 20, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
- "Johnny Longden". Candian Horse Racing Hall of Fame. 2019-10-12. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
- "History". Jockeys' Guild. 2019-10-12. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
- "Horse Racing - Hall of Fame jockey Johnny Longden dead". Mi-harness.net. 2003-02-15. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
- "Legendary Longden Led A Charmed Life". Churchill Downs Incorporated. 2003-02-15. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
- "Longden Adapt in Sulky". Daily Racing Form at University of Kentucky Archives. 1954-06-12. Retrieved 2019-10-11.
- "Sportsman's Park, Phoenix, Arizona". Mi-harness.net. 2019-10-12. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
- Famous Mormon in Rodeo and Horseracing Archived 2008-04-14 at the Wayback Machine
- Beckwith, Brainerd Kellogg. The Longden Legend. (1973) A. S. Barnes Publishing Co.; ISBN 0-498-01242-5
- Newsreel of his last race[permanent dead link]
- Drager, Marvin. The Most Glorious Crown: The Story Of America's Triple Crown Thoroughbreds From Sir Barton To Affirmed (2005) Triumph Books; ISBN 1-57243-724-3
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