Blume at a book signing in 2009
(1938-02-12) February 12, 1938
Elizabeth, New Jersey, U.S.
|Alma mater||New York University|
|Genre||Realist young adult novels, children's books|
|Notable awards||Margaret Edwards Award
Judy Blume (born Judith Sussman; February 12, 1938) is an American writer of children's and young adult (YA) fiction. Some of her best known works are Are You There God? It's Me, Margaret (1970), Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing (1972), Deenie (1973), and Blubber (1974). The New Yorker has called her books "talismans that, for a significant segment of the American female population, marked the passage from childhood to adolescence."
Publishing her first novel in 1969, Blume was one of the first authors to write YA novels about topics that some still consider to be taboo including masturbation, menstruation, teen sex, birth control, and death. She was a catalyst for the movement of controversial topics being expressed in children's and/or YA literature. Blume expressed how adults were not honest with her about this information she shares with her readers. This has led to criticism from individuals and groups that would like to see her books banned. This controversy has led to the American Library Association (ALA) naming Blume as one of the most frequently challenged authors of the 21st century.
Despite her critics, Blume's books have sold over 82 million copies and they've been translated into 32 languages. She has won a number of awards for her writing, including ALA's Margaret A. Edwards Award for her contributions to young adult literature. She was recognized as a Library of Congress Living Legend and she was awarded the 2004 National Book Foundation medal for distinguished contribution to American letters.
Blume was born on February 12, 1938, and raised in Elizabeth, New Jersey, the daughter of homemaker Esther (née Rosenfeld) and dentist Rudolph Sussman. She has a brother, David, who is five years older. Her family was Jewish. Blume has recalled, "I spent most of my childhood making up stories inside of my head." She graduated from Battin High School in 1956, then enrolled in Boston University. In the first semester, she was diagnosed with mononucleosis and took a brief leave from school before graduating from New York University in 1961 with a bachelor's degree in Education. In 1951 and 1952, there were three airplane crashes in her hometown of Elizabeth. 118 people died in the crashes, and Blume’s father, who was a dentist, helped to identify the unrecognizable remains. Blume says she "buried" these memories until she began writing her 2015 novel In the Unlikely Event, the plot of which revolves around the crashes.
A lifelong avid reader, Blume first began writing when her children were attending preschool, and she was living in the New Jersey communities of Plainfield and Scotch Plains. She published her first book, The One in the Middle Is the Green Kangaroo, in 1969. The decade that followed proved to be her most prolific, with 13 more books being published, including many of her most well-known titles, such as Are You There God? It's Me, Margaret. (1970), Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing (1972), Otherwise Known as Sheila the Great (1972), and Blubber (1974).
After publishing novels for young children and teens, Blume tackled another genre—adult reality and death. Her novels Wifey (1978) and Smart Women (1983) reached the top of The New York Times Best Seller list. Wifey became a bestseller with over 4 million copies sold. Blume's third adult novel, Summer Sisters (1998), was widely praised and sold more than three million copies. It spent 5 months on The New York Times Bestseller list, with the hardcover reaching #3 and the paperback spent several weeks at #1. Several of Blume's books appear on the list of top all-time bestselling children's books.
Blume's books have sold over 82 million copies and they've been translated into 32 languages. Judy Blume has won more than 90 literary awards, including three lifetime achievement awards in the US. The ALA Margaret A. Edwards Award recognizes one writer and a particular body of work for "significant and lasting contribution to young adult literature". Blume won the annual award in 1996 citing the single book Forever, published in 1975. According to the citation, "She broke new ground in her frank portrayal of Michael and Katherine, high school seniors who are in love for the first time. Their love and sexuality are described in an open, realistic manner and with great compassion." In April 2000 the Library of Congress named her to its Living Legends in the Writers and Artists category for her significant contributions to America's cultural heritage. In 2004 she received the annual Distinguished Contribution to American Letters Medal of the National Book Foundation as someone who "has enriched [American] literary heritage over a life of service, or a corpus of work."
Throughout Blume's career, she has also made efforts to advocate for organizations that support intellectual freedom. "Finding herself at the center of an organized book banning campaign in the 1980's she began to reach out to other writers, as well as teachers and librarians, who were under fire." This led to Blume joining the National Coalition Against Censorship. All of her efforts go into helping protect the freedom to read. She is also the founder and trustee of a charitable and education foundation, called "The Kids Fund." Blume serves on the board for other organizations such as, "the Author's Guild; the Society of Children's Book Writers and Illustrators; the Key West Literary Seminar; and the National Coalition Against Censorship."
In October 2017, Yale University acquired Blume's archive, which included some unpublished early work.
Marriages and family
On August 15, 1959, in the summer of her senior year of college, she married John M. Blume, whom she had met while a student at New York University. He became a lawyer, while she was a homemaker before supporting her family by teaching and writing. They had two children: Randy, a therapist (born 1961); and Lawrence Andrew, a filmmaker (born 1963). The couple separated in 1975 and were divorced by 1976. Blume later described the marriage as "suffocating", although she maintained her first husband's surname. Blume has stated that Lawrence was the inspiration for the character of "Fudge." Blume has one grandchild from her daughter, Randy - a grandson named Elliot Blume-Pickle. Elliot is credited with encouraging his grandmother to write the most recent "Fudge" books.
Shortly after her separation, she met Thomas A. Kitchens, a physicist. The couple married in 1976, and they moved to New Mexico for Kitchens' work. They divorced in 1978. She later spoke about their split: "It was a disaster, a total disaster. After a couple years, I got out. I cried every day. Anyone who thinks my life is cupcakes is all wrong."
A mutual friend introduced her to George Cooper, a former law professor turned non-fiction writer. Blume and Cooper were married in 1987. Cooper has one daughter, Amanda, from a previous marriage. They reside in Key West.
Blume announced she was diagnosed with breast cancer in August 2012 after undergoing a routine ultrasound as she was preparing to leave for a five-week trip to Italy. She stated that she had been diagnosed with cervical cancer 17 years earlier, and had a subsequent hysterectomy.
Blume's novels for teenagers tackled racism (Iggie's House), menstruation (Are You There God? It's Me, Margaret.), divorce (It's Not the End of the World, Just as Long as We're Together), bullying (Blubber), masturbation (Deenie, Then Again, Maybe I Won't), sexuality (Forever), and family issues (Here's to You, Rachel Robinson). Blume has used these subjects to generate discussion, but they have also been the source of controversy regarding age-appropriate reading.
- Phillips, Leah, "Judy Blume (1938–)", The Literary Encyclopedia, retrieved February 5, 2019
- Holmes, Anna (22 Mar 2012), "Judy Bume's Magnificent Girls", The New Yorker, retrieved 5 Apr 2016
- Pen Pals with Judy Blume in conversation with Nancy Pearl, Friends of the Hennepin County Library, 2015, retrieved 5 Apr 2016
- 1996 Margaret A. Edwards Award Winner, Young Adult Library Services Association (YALSA). American Library Association, 1996, retrieved 5 Apr 2016
- "Judy Blume and Lena Dunham on What It's Like to be Pioneers in Sexual Frankness", WorldNews (WN) Network, 7 Dec 2013, retrieved 5 Apr 2016
- Flood, Alison (11 Jul 2014), "Judy Blume: 'I thought, this is America: we don't ban books. But then we did'", The Guardian, retrieved 5 Apr 2016
- Most frequently challenged authors of the 21st century, American Library Association, retrieved 5 Apr 2016
- Pryor, Megan, Judy Blume: Biography, Facts, Books & Banned Books, retrieved 5 Apr 2016
- Gottlieb, Amy. "JUDY BLUME b. 1938". Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. Jewish Women's Archive (jwa.org). Retrieved 2010-12-10.
- Blume, Judy. "Judy's Official Bio". Judy Blume on the Web. Retrieved 2015-03-11.
- Brown, Helen. In the Unlikely Event by Judy Blume, review: 'a slice of life', The Guardian, June 2, 2015.
- Goldblatt, Jennifer. "Blume's Day", The New York Times, November 14, 2004. Accessed October 1, 2015. "It wasn't until after Ms. Blume had gotten her bachelor's degree in education from New York University in 1961, was married and raising her son, Larry, and her daughter, Randy, and living in Plainfield and later Scotch Plains, that she started to commit her stories and characters to paper, cramming writing sessions in while the children were at preschool and at play."
- "Paperback - The Best-Selling Children's Book of All-Time". Infoplease.com. Retrieved 2009-05-15. Through 2000. Reprinted from Publisher's Weekly, copyright 2002.
- Flora, Carlin (January 1, 2007). "Judy Blume: Mating IQ"[dead link]. Psychology Today.
- Lopez, Kathryn Jean (September 30, 2000). "Early Blumers: In defense of censorship". National Review Online Weekend. National Review.
- Best Sellers: August 16, 1998. The New York Times
- Paperback Best Sellers: May 30, 1999. The New York Times.
- Paperback Best Sellers: June 12, 1999. The New York Times.
- "Biography of Judy Blume". Incredible People: Biographies of Famous People. incredible-people.com. Archived from the original on March 11, 2015. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- D'Ooge, Craig. "News From the Library of Congress". Library of Congress. USA.gov. Retrieved 2015-03-11.
- "Distinguished Contribution to American Letters". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
- Wyatt, Edward (September 15, 2004). "Literary Prize for Judy Blume, Confidante to Teenagers". The New York Times.
- Vilkomerson, Sara (February 24, 2012). "Judy Blume's 'Tiger Eyes' movie". Entertainment Weekly.
- "Judy Blume Archive Strengthens Beinecke Young Adult Collections | Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library". beinecke.library.yale.edu. Retrieved 2017-10-10.
- Tracy, Kathleen (2007). Judy Blume: A Biography. New York City: Greenwood. p. 152. ISBN 0313342725.
- Susan Dominus. "Judy Blume Knows All Your Secrets", The New York Times, May 18, 2015. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
- "Judy Blume". NNDB. Retrieved 2011-07-24.
- Green, Michelle (19 Mar 1984), "After Two Divorces, Judy Blume Blossoms as An Unmarried Woman—and Hits the Best-Seller List Again", People, retrieved 2010-12-10
- Blume, Judy (30 Jun 2004), "Smart Women", Judy Blume on the Web, retrieved 5 Apr 2016
- "Double Fudge", Judy Blume on the Web, retrieved 5 Apr 2016
- Richards, Linda L. (2008). "Judy Blume: On censorship, life, and staying in the spotlight for 25 years". January Magazine. Retrieved 2010-12-10.
- Whitworth, Melissa (February 8, 2008). "Judy Blume's lessons in love". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2009-05-12.
- Kindelan, Katie (September 5, 2012). "Judy Blume Shares Breast Cancer Diagnosis". ABC News. Retrieved 2012-09-06.
- Blume, Judy (1999). Authors and Artists for Young Adults (Gale Research), 26: 7–17. Summarizes and extends 1990 article, with more emphasis on Blume's impact and censorship issues. By R. Garcia-Johnson.
- Blume, Judy (1990). Authors and Artists for Young Adults (Gale Research), 3: 25–36. Incorporates extensive passages from published interviews with Blume.
- Lee, Betsy. Judy Blume's Story, Dillon Pr., 1981. ISBN 0875182097.
- Official website
- Judy Blume on IMDb
- Most frequently challenged authors of the 21st century at American Library Association Banned & Challenged Books