Kōchi Prefecture

Kōchi Prefecture

高知県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 高知県
 • Rōmaji Kōchi-ken
Flag of Kōchi Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Kōchi Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Kōchi Prefecture
Coordinates: 33°26′N 133°26′E / 33.433°N 133.433°E / 33.433; 133.433Coordinates: 33°26′N 133°26′E / 33.433°N 133.433°E / 33.433; 133.433
Country Japan
Region Shikoku
Island Shikoku
Capital Kōchi (city)
Subdivisions Districts: 6, Municipalities: 34
Government
 • Governor Masanao Ozaki
Area
 • Total 7,103.93 km2 (2,742.84 sq mi)
Area rank 14th
Population
 (December 1, 2011)
 • Total 757,914
 • Rank 45th
 • Density 106.68/km2 (276.3/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-39
Website www.pref.kochi.lg.jp/english/
Symbols
Bird Fairy pitta (Pitta nympha)
Flower Yamamomo (Myrica rubra)
Tree Yanase Sugi (Cryptomeria japonica)

Kōchi Prefecture (高知県, Kōchi-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the south coast of Shikoku.[1] The capital is the city of Kōchi.[2]

History

Prior to the Meiji Restoration, Kōchi was known as Tosa Province and was controlled by the Chōsokabe clan in the Sengoku period and the Yamauchi clan during the Edo period.[3]

Kōchi City is also the birthplace of noted revolutionary Sakamoto Ryōma.

Municipalities

Map of Kōchi Prefecture
     City      Town

Kōchi Prefecture comprises the southwestern part of the island of Shikoku, facing the Pacific Ocean. It is bordered by Ehime to the north-west and Tokushima to the north-east. It is the largest but least populous of Shikoku's four prefectures. Most of the province is mountainous, and in only a few areas such as around Kōchi and Nakamura is there a coastal plain. Kōchi is famous for its many rivers. Inamura-yama in Tosa-cho is the highest peak in Kōchi prefecture with an altitude of 1,506 meters above sea level.

As of April 1, 2012, 7% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Ashizuri-Uwakai National Park; Ishizuchi, Muroto-Anan Kaigan, and Tsurugisan Quasi-National Parks; and eighteen Prefectural Natural Parks.[4]

Skyline of Kōchi City

Cities

Eleven cities are located in Kōchi Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Tourism

Cape of Ashizuri
Cape of Muroto

Media

The 2013 movie Hospitality Department (Kencho Omotenashi Ka) is set in Kōchi.[5] The film shows views of Kōchi Prefecture.

The 2009 movie The Harimaya Bridge starring Danny Glover was set in Kochi.[6][7]

Culture

Food

Like most areas of Japan, Kōchi advertises itself as specialising in a major food item, in this case, Katsuo no Tataki. Katsuo no Tataki is Skipjack Tuna or Bonito, lightly seared. Traditionally this is done over the straw generated as a by-product of the rice harvest. Sawachi is a term which refers to "a style of meal" in Kochi prefecture, according to Kochi-City Tourism Association. It says that the characteristic of the style of eating is "its freeness in the arrangement of food on a large dish" People eat Sawachi in the situation of "Enkai" which refers to a gathering of family, friends and relatives. They surround "Sawachi", feasts on large dishes, and take own portions by themselves. The style represents the cultural climate of Kochi prefecture which hates formal arrangements and respect freedom.

Festival and events

Festival
  • Yosakoi Festival - Yosakoi (よさこい) is a unique style of dance that originated in Japan and that is performed at festivals and events all over the country.

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Kōchi.

Baseball
Football

See also

Copyright