Kauhajoki

Kauhajoki
Town
Kauhajoen kaupunki
Kauhajoki stad
Kauhajoki church
Kauhajoki church
Coat of arms of Kauhajoki
Location of Kauhajoki in Finland
Location of Kauhajoki in Finland
Coordinates: 62°25′55″N 22°10′46″E / 62.43194°N 22.17944°E / 62.43194; 22.17944Coordinates: 62°25′55″N 22°10′46″E / 62.43194°N 22.17944°E / 62.43194; 22.17944
Country  Finland
Region Southern Ostrobothnia
Sub-region Suupohja sub-region
Charter 1868
Town privileges 2001
Government
 • Town manager Niku Latva-Pukkila
Area
 (2018-01-01) [1]
 • Total 1,315.54 km2 (507.93 sq mi)
 • Land 1,299.10 km2 (501.59 sq mi)
 • Water 16.46 km2 (6.36 sq mi)
Area rank 55th largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-03-31) [2]
 • Total 12,989
 • Rank 80th largest in Finland
 • Density 10/km2 (30/sq mi)
 • Demonym
Kauhajokinen (Finnish)
Population by native language
[3]
 • Finnish 98.7% (official)
 • Swedish 0.2%
 • Others 1.1%
Population by age
[4]
 • 0 to 14 15.1%
 • 15 to 64 57%
 • 65 or older 27.9%
Time zone UTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5] 22%
Website www.kauhajoki.fi

Kauhajoki (literally “Scoop River”) is a town and municipality of Finland. The city is unilingually Finnish.

It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Southern Ostrobothnia region. The population of Kauhajoki is 12,989 (31 March 2021)[2] and the municipality covers an area of 1,299.10 km2 (501.59 sq mi) of which 16.46 km2 (6.36 sq mi) is inland water (1 January 2018).[1] The population density is 10/km2 (26/sq mi).

History

Permanent settlement in the Kauhajoki area began in the 16th century and in 1584 chapel was built in Kauhajoki.

When the Soviet Union attacked Finland in the Winter War, in early December 1939 Parliament was evacuated and the legislature temporarily relocated to Kauhajoki, a town in western Finland far away from the frontline. The parliament held 34 plenary sessions in Kauhajoki, with the last on 12 February 1940.[6]

2008 vocational college shooting

On 23 September 2008, a school shooting at a vocational college in the city left 11 dead, including the gunman, and another woman wounded. The incident was the second school shooting in less than a year in Finland, the other being the Jokela school shooting in November 2007, in which nine people including the gunman died. Before that, only one other school shooting had taken place in the country's history, in Rauma in 1989, leaving two people dead.[7]

Sports

Some internationally successful Kauhajokian sports figures include:

  • Jouko Salomäki, the 1984 Olympic Champion in Greco-Roman wrestling, was born in Kauhajoki.
  • Kaarlo Maaninka, the 1980 Olympic silver and bronze medalist in long distance running, lives in Kauhajoki. He also represented the town's sports club Kauhajoen Karhu during his career.
  • Vesa Hietalahti, the 2003 World Championship silver medalist in biathlon, was born and lives in Kauhajoki. He also represented the town's sports club Kauhajoen Karhu throughout his career.
  • Heli Koivula Kruger, the 2002 European Championship silver medalist in triple jump, was born in Kauhajoki. She also represented the town's sports club Kauhajoen Karhu throughout her career.
  • Jani Haapamäki, the 2009 European Champion in Greco-Roman wrestling, was born in Kauhajoki. He also represents the town's sports club Kauhajoen Karhu.

Kauhajoki is also known about basketball club Kauhajoen Karhu, which plays in the Finnish first-tier league Korisliiga.

References

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ "Parliament to recreate Winter War evacuation". Yle Uutiset. 2019-11-30. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  7. ^ "School Shootings Rare in Finland". YLE. 2007-11-07. Retrieved 2008-09-23.

External links

Media related to Kauhajoki at Wikimedia Commons

Copyright