Kingsbury, London

Kingsbury
St Andrews Road Kingsbury - geograph.org.uk - 147077.jpg
St Andrews Road and Church, Kingsbury
Kingsbury is located in Greater London
Kingsbury
Kingsbury
Location within Greater London
Area 5.63 km2 (2.17 sq mi)
Population 29,217 
• Density 5,190/km2 (13,400/sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ195885
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district NW9
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°34′57″N 0°16′27″W / 51.5826°N 0.2743°W / 51.5826; -0.2743Coordinates: 51°34′57″N 0°16′27″W / 51.5826°N 0.2743°W / 51.5826; -0.2743

Kingsbury is an urban district of northwest London in the London Borough of Brent. The name Kingsbury means "The King's Manor". Its ancient scope stretches north and west to include Queensbury and parts of Kenton and Wembley Park in other directions. Kingsbury was in 2001 a ward and in 2011 was identifiable with the Fryent and Barnhill wards approximately. About 25% of Kingsbury is Fryent Country Park, forming the southern quarter. It is of highly mixed density, ranging from high rise to suburban to a green wildlife reserve in the country park. It is within The Hyde's NW9 postal district.

History

Kingsbury was historically a rural parish of a fairly modest 6.9 square kilometres (2.7 sq mi) in the Hundred of Gore and county of Middlesex.[1] It formerly included Queensbury.[2] Following local government redrawing of electoral wards Kingsbury corresponds to the Fryent and Barnhill wards and in all of its various older guises, a minority or all of the Queensbury ward.[3]

The early English kings had parted with their manor of Kingsbury long before the Conquest. An estate called Tunworth, in the northern part of Kingsbury parish, was granted by Edwy to his thegn Lyfing in 957. By 1066 it probably formed part of the manor of Kingsbury, which was then held by Wlward White, a thegn of the Confessor, and passed from him to Ernulf of Hesdin who died in 1097 and his lands passed to the family of Walter of Salisbury. Thereafter the overlordship of Kingsbury descended with Edgware manor. By 1086 on the Domesday survey of property, Ernulf's manor in Kingsbury had been subinfeudated to Albold as Lord. It was not mentioned again until 1317, when, under the name of the manor of Kingsbury, it belonged to Baldwin Poleyn of Tebworth.[4]

Kingsbury developed little in housing and population in the 19th century, remaining a polyfocal village. In this age, Oliver Goldsmith, writer and playwright, lived at Hyde Farm, Kingsbury (1771–1774); the third Lord Mansfield was buried at St. Andrew's churchyard in 1840.

Although it lay close to London, development started slowly, and it was not until after the First World War that the district became built up. An aircraft industry was established in the part of Kingsbury adjacent to Hendon aerodrome during the war, while the road network was improved to cater for the British Empire Exhibition in nearby Wembley in 1924.[5] The number of inhabited houses in the civil parish increased from just 140 in 1901 to 3,937 in 1931. By 1951 this had risen to 11,776.[6] Between 1921 and 1931 Kingsbury's population increased by 796%.[5]

Population growth meant the existing parish church, built in 1884, dedicated to the Holy Innocents, and adjacent to the more historic Old St Andrew's church, became too small. It was replaced during the 1930s. The current church, completed to designs by Samuel Daukes in 1847, had originally been constructed in Wells Street in central London but after its use declined it was deconstructed, transported and rebuilt (by Holland, Hannen & Cubitts, directed by architect William Adam Forsyth) in its entirety in Kingsbury in 1933–34.[7][8][9]

John Logie Baird's experimental television transmissions from the United Kingdom to Berlin, Germany were transmitted from the stable block of Kingsbury Manor, now the Veterans Club in Roe Green Park.

From 1923 to 1979 Kingsbury Road was the location of the Vanden Plas specialist motor body works, body makers for Bentley and later part of Austin, BMC, and British Leyland. The site is now Kingsbury Trading Estate.

No. 154 Slough Lane, from the 1920s

A congregation of Jews affiliated to the United Synagogue is first recorded in Kingsbury in 1939. In 1942 Eden Lodge at Kingsbury Green was registered for worship, becoming Kingsbury district synagogue in 1954.[10]

Local government

In 1894 Kingsbury was included in the urban district of Wembley. However, as Kingsbury had only three councillors on the urban district council to Wembley's nine, Kingsbury's councillors felt the needs of the area were not well-served. In 1900 Kingsbury became a separate urban district with six councillors. The new council was immediately involved in controversy and in 1906 it failed to make a rate or meet its financial commitments. Following an inquiry initiated by ratepayers, the councillors numbered nine, not halting fiscal accusations directed towards the initial three councillors.[11]

In 1934 the Kingsbury Urban District was abolished and merged once more in Wembley Urban District. The urban district became a municipal borough in 1937 and in 1965 the area became part of the London Borough of Brent.[11]

Demography

The 2011 census showed that the Fryent ward's largest ethnic group was Arabs at 21%. Whites as a whole form 34% (20% Black Caribbean, 14% Other, 6% Black African). 11% was Other Asian. 41% were Christian, 21% Muslim and 20% Hindu.[12] The Welsh Harp ward, which covers southern areas of Kingsbury Green, was 17% White Other, 17% Indian, and 16% White British.[13]

In film, literature and music

The first two series of BBC children's drama Grange Hill were filmed at Kingsbury High School.[14] Video of Round Here, about George Michael's childhood, features Roe Green Park, Roe Green Primary School and other local landmarks.

Notable people

Geography

Some historical maps show Kingsbury to be centred to the south of Church Lane around Blackbird Hill, an area that is seldom referred to as Kingsbury today but instead Wembley Park or Neasden.

Neighbouring areas

Transport

Roads

Kingsbury Road A4006 is the largest road within the district.

Buses

London Buses serving Kingsbury are:

Tube

Stations in the area are:

Local parks

Schools

See also

References

  1. ^ T F T Baker, R B Pugh (editors), A P Baggs, Diane K Bolton, Eileen P Scarff, G C Tyack (1976). "Kingsbury: Introduction". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 5. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 5 November 2014.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Map of established parishes, A History of the County of Middlesex, Volume 5.
  3. ^ Boundary Viewer Office for National Statistics
  4. ^ T F T Baker, R B Pugh (Editors), A P Baggs, Diane K Bolton, Eileen P Scarff, G C Tyack (1976). "Kingsbury: Manors". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 5. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 5 November 2014.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ a b "Places in Brent: Kingsbury", Grange Museum of Community History and Brent Archive, accessed 28 January 2008.
  6. ^ "Kingsbury: Introduction", Victoria County History of Middlesex, Volume 5 (British History Online), accessed 28 January 2008.
  7. ^ St Andrew’s Church, formerly in Wells Street, now at Kingsbury, Middlesex. Survey of London,University College London, 1 April 2016. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  8. ^ "Kingsbury's Recycled Church" (PDF). Brent.gov.uk. London Borough of Brent. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  9. ^ "SAINT ANDREW, SAINT MARYLEBONE: WELLS STREET, WESTMINSTER". AIM25 Archive. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  10. ^ T F T Baker, R B Pugh (Editors), A P Baggs, Diane K Bolton, Eileen P Scarff, G C Tyack (1976). "Kingsbury: Judaism". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 5. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 5 November 2014.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  11. ^ a b "Kingsbury: Local Government", Victoria County History of Middlesex, Vol. 5, (British History Online), accessed 28 January 2008.
  12. ^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Fryent - UK Census Data 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  13. ^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Welsh Harp - UK Census Data 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  14. ^ "Grange Hill (1978–2008) | Filming Locations", IMDB.
  15. ^ Who Was Who, 1941–1950. A and C Black. 1952. p. 76.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 2 February 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ Maya Jaggi (30 September 2000). "Profile: Courtney Pine | Music". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  18. ^ "And the band plays on... - Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 1 December 2002. Retrieved 22 March 2017.

External links

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