Kohnen Station

Kohnen Station
Kohnen Station
Kohnen Station
Location of Kohnen Station in Antarctica
Location of Kohnen Station in Antarctica
Kohnen Station
Location of Kohnen Station in Antarctica
Coordinates: 75°00′07″S 0°04′00″E / 75.001882°S 0.066792°E / -75.001882; 0.066792Coordinates: 75°00′07″S 0°04′00″E / 75.001882°S 0.066792°E / -75.001882; 0.066792
Country  Germany
Location in Antarctica Dronning Maud Land
Antarctica
Administered by Alfred Wegener Institute
Established 11 January 2001 (2001-01-11)
Elevation
2,892 m (9,488 ft)
Population
 • Total
  • Up to 20
Type Seasonal
Period Summer
Status Operational
Website Kohnen Station AWI
Kohnen Skiway
Summary
Airport type Private
Location Kohnen Station
Elevation AMSL 9,566 ft / 2,916 m
Coordinates 75°00′04″S 0°04′08″E / 75.001186°S 0.06881°E / -75.001186; 0.06881
Map
Kohnen Skiway is located in Antarctica
Kohnen Skiway
Kohnen Skiway
Location of airfield in Antarctica
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
17/35 2,957 901 Ice
[1]

Kohnen-Station is a German summer-only polar research station in the Antarctic, able to accommodate up to 20 people. It is named after the geophysicist Heinz Kohnen (1938–1997), who was for a long time the head of logistics at the Alfred Wegener Institute.

The station opened on January 11, 2001, in Dronning Maud Land. The station is located at 75°00'S, 00°04'E, and 2892 m above sea level. It is located 757 km southeast of Neumayer-Station III, which lies on the Ekstrom Ice Shelf and provides logistics and administration for Kohnen-Station. Like the United Kingdom's Halley V station, the base is built on steel legs allowing the station to be jacked up as the height of the snow surface increases.

The station contains a radio room, a mess room, a kitchen, bathrooms, two bedrooms, a snow melter, a store, a workshop, and a power plant (100 kW). It is supplied by a convoy of 6 towing vehicles, which carry up to 20 tons each, and 17 sledges. The base is resupplied twice each year, with up to 6 sledge trains at a time. This traverse takes 9–14 days.[2]

Sledges

About 17 sledges are kept at the station. They are mainly used for transport (pulled via a snowmobile) and logistics.

Towing vehicles

About a convoy of 6 towing vehicles are stationed. They are mainly used for logistics.

PistenBully

Around 3 PistenBully snowcats are stationed at the base. They are mainly used for logistics, filling the snow melter, and clearing the snow.

Kohnen station is the logistic base for the ice coring project in Dronning Maud Land, the European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica (EPICA). A core was also drilled at Kohnen station.[3]

In 2019, researchers found interstellar iron in Antarctica in snow from the Kohnen Station which they relate to the Local Interstellar Cloud[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Kohnen Skiway". Airport Nav Finder. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  2. ^ "Drilling into the past - The Kohnen Station in the Antarctic". Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI). Retrieved 13 September 2010.
  3. ^ Thomas Stocker. "European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica (EPICA)". European Science Foundation. Archived from the original on 2012-06-12.
  4. ^ Koll, D.; et., al. (2019). "Interstellar 60Fe in Antarctica". Physical Review Letters. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.072701. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

External links


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