Kommunistka

Kommunistka
Categories Feminism, Marxism
Frequency Monthly
Founder Alexandra Kollontai, Inessa Armand
Year founded 1920
Final issue 1930
Country Soviet Union
Based in Moscow
Language Russian
OCLC 4821795

Kommunistka (in Russian: Коммунистка, IPA: [kəmʊˈnʲistkə], lit. 'Communist Woman') was a communist magazine from the Soviet Union, associated to the Zhenotdel, founded by Inessa Armand and Alexandra Kollontai in 1920.[1][2]

Kommunistka was published on a monthly basis.[3] The magazine was targeted specially to lower class women,[4] and explored the way to achieve women's emancipation, not only in a theoretical manner, but practical, as the revolution by itself would not solve the women's inequality and oppression in the family and society.[1] Armand and Kollontai insisted in the low percentage of women in the public sphere –in the party, in business management, in the soviets, in the trade unions or in the government– which would require a specific work for liberation.[1]

Armand, Kollontai or Krupskaya addressed issues such as sexuality, abortion, marriage and divorce, the relationship between sexes, free love, morality, family, motherhood or the liberation of women from the slavery of men. Furthermore, the magazine's perspective emphasized that women liberation was intimately linked to the emancipation of the whole communist society.[4][5]

The magazine disappeared in 1930 together with the Zhenotdel itself under the Stalinist mandate.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Wood, Elizabeth A. (2000). The Baba and the Comrade: Gender and Politics in Revolutionary Russia. Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-33311-3.
  2. ^ Edith Saurer; Margareth Lanzinger; Elisabeth Frysak (2006). Women's Movements: Networks and Debates in Post-communist Countries in the 19th and 20th Centuries. Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar. p. 579. ISBN 978-3-412-32205-2. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  3. ^ Barbara Evans Clements (13 August 1997). Bolshevik Women. Cambridge University Press. p. 262. ISBN 978-0-521-59920-7. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  4. ^ a b Gleason, Abbott (1989). Bolshevik Culture: Experiment and Order in the Russian Revolution. Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-20513-1.
  5. ^ a b Farnsworth, Beatrice (1980). Aleksandra Kollontai: Socialism, Feminism, and the Bolshevik Revolution. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-1073-2.

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