Lafayette Square Opera House

Lafayette Square Opera House
Belasco Theatre (after 1905)
Lafayette Square Opera House Drawing.png
Architect's rendering of the Lafayette Square Opera House
Address 717 Madison Place NW
Washington D.C.
United States
Coordinates 38°53′58″N 77°02′05″W / 38.899462°N 77.034851°W / 38.899462; -77.034851
Owner John W. Albaugh, 1895 – 1905
The Shubert Organization and David Belasco 1905 – 1940
Type Opera House
Capacity 1,800[1]
Construction
Opened September 30, 1895
Closed 1940
Demolished 1964
Years active 1895 - 1940
Architect Wood & Lovell[2]

The Lafayette Square Opera House was an Opera House built in 1895, at 717 Madison Place, NW in Washington D.C.. It was dedicated on 30 September 1895 by Lillian Russell, one of the most well known actress of the time, who was there to perform in Tzigane. Reginald De Koven, composer of the opera, led the orchestra at Russell's request.[3] In 1905 it was purchased by the Shuberts and David Belasco and was renamed the Belasco Theatre. The theatre was acquired by the US federal government and used as a warehouse until World War II, when it was operated by the American Theatre Wing as a Stage Door Canteen. During the Korean War, it was used by the United Services Organization to entertain troops. The theater was razed in 1964.

History

The Lafayette Square Opera House as built by John W. Albaugh, on behalf of the Lafayette Square Opera House Company. It was completed in September 1895 at a cost of 250,000 dollars ($7.68 million in present day terms). Located on Madison Place NW, just north of Pennsylvania Avenue, the theater faced Lafayette Square and the White House. The site, originally the home of Commodore John Rodgers,[4] was noted for a history of tragic events and believed to be haunted. It was there that Congressman, later Civil War General, Daniel Sickles killed the district attorney for the District of Columbia, Philip Barton Key II, son of Francis Scott Key. Following the Civil War, John Wilkes Booth's co-conspirator, Lewis Powell, attempted to take the life of Secretary of State William H. Seward, who was living there at the time. The property was later purchased by former Secretary of State James G. Blaine, and it was there that he and two of his children, Walker and Alice, died.[5][6][2]

Program for the Belasco Theater, April 8, 1912

The structure was built of polished gray granite in the classic Grecian order style. Its frontage was 76 feet wide and 176 feet deep. The steel frame building, equipped with the latest fireproof rigging of the time and using an asbestos stage curtain, was advertised is being absolutely fireproof. The main entrance was thirty-six feet wide, and opened directly to the sidewalk on Madison Place. The lobby was finished in mahogany with mosaic tile flooring. Broad marble staircases on either side led to the upper floors. The main floor rose five tiers, constructed on the cantilever, with two Ionic columns on the main floor and three in the balconies. The mezzanine was divided into 31 stalls, one for each President of the United States at that time,[6] each seating four to eight people.[2] The theater had 1,800 seats, "not one from which actors can not be seen."[5]

The wrought steel front railings of the boxes and balconies were designed by Trost & Trost Architects. The interior was finished in the Italian renaissance style. On the asbestos stage curtain was a copy of Fernand Cormon's painting, Les Vainqueurs de Salamine.[6] The stage itself was 68 feet wide and 45 feet deep.[1] The roof was constructed for use as a theater[6] in the summer months, with seating up to 1,500.[1] The basement was used primarily for a Turkish bath, but did include a barber shop and restrooms.[2]

The Belasco Theatre in 1910
The Belasco Theatre (right), c. 1916

In September 1905 it was purchased by the S. S. Shubert Amusement Company and David Belasco[7] for 225,000 dollars ($6.4 million in present day terms). It reopened in October as the Belasco Theater.[8] In the 1930s, it was converted to a movie house.

In 1940 the Belasco Theatre and its neighboring properties were acquired by the federal government. The theater, with its seats removed, was used as a warehouse until World War II, when parts of it were used by the American Theatre Wing as a Stage Door Canteen. During the Korean War, it was used by the United Services Organization to entertain troops. The theater was razed in 1964 and the site is now home to the U.S. Court of Federal Claims Building.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b c "New Home of the Drama". The Morning Times (Washington D.C.). 15 September 1895. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d "New Opera House". Evening Star (Washington D.C.). 15 September 1895. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  3. ^ "Amusements". Evening Star (Washington D.C). 28 September 1895. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Rodgers House/Belasco Theater". www.whitehousehistory.org. The White House Historical Association. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Blaine's Old Home to be a Theater". The Washington Times. 29 December 1894. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d "New Lafayette Square Opera House opens in Washington Opens Tonight". St. Paul Daily Globe. 30 September 1895. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  7. ^ "Papers in Connection with Transfer of Lafayette Square Theatre". Evening Star (Washington D.C.). 22 September 1905. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  8. ^ "Belasco and Shubert buy Theater at Washington". The San Francisco Call. 13 September 1905. Retrieved 6 January 2015.

External links

Media related to Belasco Theatre (Washington, D.C.) at Wikimedia Commons

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