Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport

Rome–Fiumicino International Airport "Leonardo da Vinci"

Aeroporto Internazionale di Roma–Fiumicino "Leonardo da Vinci"
Aeroporti di Roma Logo.svg
Rom Fiumicino 2011-by-RaBoe-02.jpg
Airport type Public
Operator Aeroporti di Roma
Serves Rome, Italy
Location Fiumicino
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 15 ft / 5 m
Coordinates 41°48′01″N 012°14′20″E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889Coordinates: 41°48′01″N 012°14′20″E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889
Website adr.it
FCO is located in Lazio
Location in Lazio
Show map of Lazio
FCO is located in Italy
FCO (Italy)
Show map of Italy
FCO is located in Europe
FCO (Europe)
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Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,800 12,467 Asphalt
16R/34L 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16L/34R 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16C/34C 3,700 12,139 Asphalt
Statistics (2019)
Passengers 43,532,573
Passenger change 18-19 Increase 1.3%
Aircraft movement 309.783
Movements change 18–19 Increase 0.7%
Cargo (tons) 194,526
Source: Italian AIP at EUROCONTROL [1] Assaeroporti Statistiche [2] WAD [3]

Rome–Fiumicino International Airport "Leonardo da Vinci" (Italian: Aeroporto Internazionale di Roma–Fiumicino "Leonardo da Vinci"; IATA: FCO, ICAO: LIRF) is an international airport in Rome and the major airport in Italy. It is one of the busiest airports in Europe by passenger traffic with over 43.5 million passengers served in 2019.

The airport serves as the main hub for Alitalia, the largest Italian airline, and Vueling, a Spanish low-cost carrier owned by International Airlines Group. Based on total passenger numbers, it is the eighth-busiest airport in Europe and was the world's 47th-busiest airport in 2017. It covers an area of 16 km2[4] and is named after polymath Leonardo da Vinci who, in 1480, designed a flying machine with wings and the first proto helicopter.


Early years

During construction the remains of Caligula's Giant Ship were found.

The airport was officially opened on 15 January 1961, with two runways, replacing the smaller Rome Ciampino Airport, which remains in service for some low-cost airlines as well as domestic and charter operations. Despite being officially opened in 1961, Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport had actually been in use since 20 August 1960. This was to help relieve air traffic that was congesting Rome Ciampino Airport during the 1960 Summer Olympics.[5]

During the 1960s, home-carrier Alitalia invested heavily in the new airport, building hangars and maintenance centres; in the same period a third runway was added (16L/34R).

Later development

Security Services transferred from the Polizia di Stato (Italian State Police) to Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A. in 2000. Aeroporti di Roma created ADR Security S.r.l. (100%-owned) to provide these services as well as security services to airlines (in competition with other security companies such as IVRI). Airport Security is supervised by Polizia di Stato, Guardia di Finanza (Italian Customs Police), Italian Civil Aviation Authority and Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A..[citation needed] Ground handling services were provided by Aeroporti di Roma until 1999, when it created Aeroporti di Roma Handling (to serve all airlines except for Alitalia, which continued to be handled by Aeroporti di Roma itself). Alitalia provided passenger assistance even before 1999. In 2001, Alitalia created "Alitalia Airport" and started providing ground handling for itself and other airlines. Aeroporti di Roma Handling remains the biggest handler in terms of airlines handled, but Alitalia Airport is the biggest handler in terms of airplanes handled as Alitalia aircraft account for 50% of the ones at Fiumicino. In May 2006, Italy's Civil Aviation Authority announced that it took off the limitation of 3 ramp handlers in Rome Leonardo da Vinci airport. ARE Group and Aviapartner announced that they would create a company called Aviapartner (51% Aviapartner; 49% ARE Group) to serve Milan Malpensa and Rome Leonardo da Vinci.[citation needed]

Since 2005, the airport operates a category III B instrument landing system (ILS). Further improvement work was implemented in 2007 to enable the airport to handle 30 takeoffs/landings per hour, up from 10, in the event of thick fog. Four runways presently operate at Leonardo da Vinci airport: 16L/34R and 16R/34L (separated by a distance of 4,000 m (13,000 ft), 16C/34C (close to 16L/34R), mostly used as a taxiway or as a backup for 16L/34R, and 07/25, used only westwards for takeoffs owing to the prevailing winds.

In 2010, the new single baggage handling system for more efficient luggage delivery began operations.

Several projects are planned. These include the construction of an environmentally-friendly cogeneration system, which would allow the airport to produce its own energy; construction of Pier C (dedicated to international flights) with 16 additional loading bridges, to handle the expected growth from 38 million passengers per year in 2014 to 55 million by 2018; and the "Masterplan Fiumicino Nord", involving four new terminals and two new runways to be built in the future handling 100 million passengers per year.[citation needed]



The airport currently features three passenger terminals, of which two are operational.

  • Terminal 1 (Gates B1–B13 and B14–B30) is used by Alitalia and other SkyTeam airlines.
  • Terminal 3 (Gates C8–C16, D1–D10, E1-E8, E11-E24, E31-44 and E51-61) is the largest terminal which is used by most of the companies.
  • Terminal 5 (under refurbishment) (formerly Gates E1-E8, E11-E24, E31-44 and E51-61) was used by all U.S. and Israeli carriers. This terminal is currently closed for extensive renovation.[6]


The terminals were upgraded during the 1990s and 2000s.[7] In 1991, the domestic Pier A with 12 gates opened, followed in 1995 by the international Pier B with 10 gates and in 1999 by the international Satellite C with 14 gates. In 2000, the new domestic Terminal A opened, and the terminal buildings, then consisting of Terminal A (with Pier A), Terminal AA, Terminal B (with Pier B) and Terminal C (with Satellite C), were reorganized.

The dedicated Cargo City terminal was added in 2004, while the check-in counters for American carriers and El Al in Terminal 5 opened in 2008, with passengers then being bused to what was then called Satellite C. In 2009, the terminals were renamed – A was renamed T1, AA was renamed T2, B and C became T3, and T5 stayed the same. The former Terminal 2 closed permanently on 15 December 2017 to make way for the expansion of Terminal 1.


An automated people mover (APM) called SkyBridge opened in 1999 along with the Satellite C. It consists of two stations, one in the third floor of Terminal 3, and the other in the second floor of gate area E31-44. This shuttle train is the only means of transport for passengers between the two parts of the terminal. The westbound service, from T3 to Gates E31-44, is for departing passengers only, while the eastbound service is for arriving passengers only. Arriving passengers are not permitted to take the train back, as they need to pass through a transfer security checkpoint to reenter the departure area. Likewise, departing passengers are not permitted to take the train back to Terminal 3.

Airlines and destinations


The following airlines operate regular scheduled, seasonal and charter flights to and from Fiumicino:[8]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Ezeiza
Air Albania Tirana
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Arabia Fez
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Air China Beijing–Capital, Hangzhou
Air Europa Madrid
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air France Hop Bordeaux, Lyon
Air India Delhi
Air Malta Malta
Air Moldova Chișinău
Air Serbia Belgrade, Niš
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau
airBaltic Riga, Tallinn
AlbaStar Seasonal: Lourdes/Tarbes
Alitalia Alghero, Algiers, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Beirut, Belgrade, Bergamo, Berlin–Brandenburg (begins 8 November 2020), Berlin–Tegel (ends 7 November 2020), Bologna, Boston, Brindisi, Brussels, Budapest, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cagliari, Cairo, Casablanca, Catania, Delhi, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Genoa, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo, Kyiv–Zhuliany, Lamezia Terme, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Marseille, Mexico City, Miami, Milan–Linate, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Munich, Naples, New York–JFK, Nice, Olbia, Palermo, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Pisa, Podgorica, Prague, Reggio Calabria, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Sofia, Tel Aviv, Tirana, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Toulouse, Trieste, Tunis, Turin, Valencia, Venice, Verona, Warsaw–Chopin, Washington–Dulles, Zurich
Seasonal: Amman–Queen Alia, Chicago–O'Hare, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Havana, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Lampedusa, Larnaca, Malé, Mauritius, Menorca, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Pantelleria, Rhodes, Saint Petersburg, San Francisco, Split, Tenerife–South, Toronto–Pearson
American Airlines Philadelphia
Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, New York–JFK
AnadoluJet Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Belavia Minsk
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka[9]
Blue Air Bacău, Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca (begins 1 June 2021),[10] Iași
Blue Panorama Airlines Cayo Largo, Havana, La Romana, Santiago de Cuba
Seasonal: Ibiza, Lampedusa
British Airways London–City, London–Gatwick, London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Buta Airways Baku
Cabo Verde Airlines Sal
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai–Pudong, Wenzhou
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Wuhan
Croatia Airlines Split, Zagreb
Seasonal: Dubrovnik
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New York–JFK
Seasonal: Boston (begins 27 May 2021),[11] Detroit
easyJet Amsterdam, Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin–Tegel, Bristol, Geneva, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Lyon, Manchester, Nantes, Nice, Paris–Orly, Toulouse
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv
Emirates Dubai–International
Estelar Latinoamerica Caracas
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stuttgart
Finnair Helsinki
Hainan Airlines Chongqing, Shenzhen, Xi'an
Iberia Madrid
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Israir Airlines Tel Aviv
Jet2.com Birmingham, Glasgow, Manchester
Seasonal: Leeds/Bradford, Newcastle upon Tyne
Kenya Airways Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kuwait Airways Kuwait
LOT Polish Airlines Seasonal: Gdańsk, Kraków, Poznań, Warsaw–Chopin, Wrocław
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica
Neos Boa Vista, Cancún, Malé, Marsa Alam, Sal, Sharm El Sheikh, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, La Romana, Marsa Matruh, Menorca, Mombasa, Mykonos, Nosy Be, Rhodes, Salalah, Zanzibar
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Helsinki, New York–JFK, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Bergen, Boston, Los Angeles, San Francisco
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Pobeda Moscow–Vnukovo
Qatar Airways Doha
Rossiya Saint Petersburg
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bari, Brindisi, Brussels, Catania, Málaga, Malta, Marseille, Palermo, Seville, Tel Aviv, Vienna
Seasonal: Ibiza, Kos, Rhodes
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Scandinavian Airlines Aarhus, Copenhagen
Seasonal: Oslo–Gardermoen
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu
Singapore Airlines Singapore
SkyAlps Bolzano (begins 1 December 2020)[12]
SkyUp Kyiv–Boryspil
Smartwings Prague
Swiss International Air Lines Zurich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Tayaran Jet Catania[13]
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Transavia Nantes, Rotterdam
Seasonal: Montpellier
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines Ankara, Istanbul
Ukraine International Airlines Kyiv–Boryspil
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Newark, Washington–Dulles
Ural Airlines Moscow–Zhukovsky, Yekaterinburg
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent
Seasonal: Urgench
Vueling Alicante, Barcelona, Bilbao, London–Gatwick, Málaga, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Paris–Orly, Seville, Tenerife–South, Valencia
Seasonal: Corfu, Dubrovnik, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Menorca, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Rhodes, Santorini, Split, Zadar, Zakynthos
WestJet Seasonal: Calgary (begins 1 May 2021)[14]
Wizz Air Bacău (begins 30 October 2020),[15][16] Budapest, Catania, Iași, Kraków, Kutaisi, Kyiv–Zhuliany (begins 28 March 2021),[17] Odessa (begins 29 March 2021),[18] Timișoara, Vienna, Warsaw–Chopin



Busiest domestic routes

Busiest European routes

Busiest intercontinental routes

Ground transportation

Status Operational
Owner Aeroporti di Roma
Locale Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport, Italy
Stations 2
Type People mover
Services 1
Rolling stock 2 Bombardier Innovia APM 100 vehicles
Opened 1999
Track length 0.55 km
Character Serves sterile parts of the airport


Fiumicino Aeroporto railway station is served by the Leonardo Express train operated by Trenitalia, available at the airport terminal. It takes 30 minutes to get to Termini Station in a non-stop trip that is provided every 15 minutes. Alternatively, local trains (FL1 line) leave once every 15 minutes, stopping at all stations. However, these trains do not head to Termini station. Passengers have to change at Trastevere, Ostiense (Metro Piramide) or Tuscolana.[24] The railway opened in December 1989, with nonstop and several stop services available.[25]


Leonardo da Vinci is about 35 km (22 mi) by car from Rome's historic city centre. The airport is served by the six-lane Autostrada A91 motorway and numerous buses and taxis.

Incidents and accidents

From the 1960s until the 1980s, the airport experienced significant aircraft hijackings as well as being the scene of two major terrorist attacks and the port of origin for an aircraft bombing in flight—some engendered by Palestinians as part of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.


  1. ^ "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  2. ^ Assaeroporti Statistiche
  3. ^ "FIUMICINO". World Aero Data. WorldAeroData.com. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  4. ^ Studio Impatto Ambientale ENAC
  5. ^ "Fiumicino: Italy's Fast Growing Airport | Italy". Lifeinitaly.com. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Expansion projects at Fiumicino". Airport-technology.com. 15 June 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2014. [unreliable source?]
  8. ^ adr.it - Compagnie aeree retrieved 10 September 2020
  9. ^ {{Cite web|url= https://centreforaviation.com/news/biman-to-operate-rome-service-from-oct-2020-1032245
  10. ^ https://boardingpass.ro/blue-air-anunta-12-rute-noi-care-vor-fi-operate-din-cluj-napoca-in-2021/?source=aa
  11. ^ Liu, Jim. "Delta reschedules Boston – Rome launch to May 2021". Routesonline. Retrieved 26 October 2020.
  12. ^ "Gostner fonda Skyalps, da maggio voli da Bolzano verso Roma e Sud Italia". Bolzano (in Italian). 20 December 2019.
  13. ^ tayaranjet.com - Route map retrieved 10 October 2020
  14. ^ Liu, Jim. "WestJet delays Calgary – Rome launch to May 2021". Routesonline. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  15. ^ https://boardingpass.ro/wizz-air-anunta-rute-spre-italia-belgia-germania-cipru-uk-si-danemarca/
  16. ^ Liu, Jim. "Wizz Air 4Q20 new routes launch revision as of 25SEP20". Routesonline. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
  17. ^ https://www.uvidpustku.com/wizz-air-ukraine-italy/
  18. ^ https://www.uvidpustku.com/wizz-air-odesa-italy/
  19. ^ "Nuovo volo cargo tra Roma e Delhi di Alitalia" [New cargo flight between Rome and Delhi with Alitalia]. aircargoitaly.com (in Italian). 12 August 2020. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  20. ^ "Alitalia Cargo debutta a Mumbai e prepara Buenos Aires" [Alitalia Cargo debuts in Mumbai and prepares Buenos Aires]. aircargoitaly.com (in Italian). 22 June 2020. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  21. ^ "Alitalia torna a Malpensa, ma con voli cargo" [Alitalia returns to Malpensa with cargo flights]. varesenews.it (in Italian). 19 October 2020. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  22. ^ "Amazon Air è atterrata anche a Roma Fiumicino" [Amazon Air landed in Rome Fiumicino]. aircargoitaly.com (in Italian). 10 June 2020. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  23. ^ a b c "Italy 2018 Civil Aviation Statistics" (PDF) (in Italian). ENAC. 28 March 2019. Retrieved 31 March 2019. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |1= (help)
  24. ^ [1] Archived 23 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ Flight International. 23 May 1987. 5.
  26. ^ a b Ramsden, J. M., ed. (27 December 1973). "Rome hijacking". FLIGHT International. IPC Transport Press Ltd. 104 (3380): 1010. Retrieved 11 February 2015 – via flightglobal.com/pdfarchive. ... ran on to the apron and two phosphorus bombs were thrown into the front and rear entrances of a Pan American 707 Celestial Clipper, with 170 passengers on board
  27. ^ a b "Hijacking description: Monday 17 December 1973". aviation-safety.net. Flight Safety Foundation. 11 February 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  28. ^ Official Italian accident report issued by ANSV and its english translation. Aviation Accidents Database. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  29. ^  Posted by foxcrawl at 2:31 am. "Carpatair ATR-72 plane overruns runway on landing in Rome". Foxcrawl. Retrieved 6 February 2013.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  30. ^ Squires, Nick (4 February 2013). "Alitalia paints over crashed plane's markings". Telegraph. Retrieved 13 February 2013.

External links

Media related to Fiumicino Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage