List of kings of Numidia

Genealogy of Numidian Kings [citation needed]

Numidia was an ancient Berber kingdom located in the region of North Africa in what is now northern Algeria and parts of Tunisia and Libya. The Kingdom existed from the 3rd to 1st centuries BC. The Kingdom of Numidia was established as a client kingdom by Rome following the Second Punic War. It was annexed by Rome in 46 BC and, after a brief period of restored independence, again in 25 BC.

List of kings

All dates are BC.

Kings of the Massylii (Eastern Numidia)

The last ruler of the Massylii conquered the Masaesyli and created the unified Numidian kingdom.

Kings of the Masaesyli (Western Numidia)

Kings of Numidia

The three sons of Massinissa originally shared the kingdom, dividing responsibility. Micipsa later tried the same thing with his three heirs, but the result was a civil war. The Roman Republic defeated Numidia during the Jugurthine War. Gauda thus succeeded to a reduced Numidian kingdom. He divided the kingdom geographically between his two sons, establishing two different lines of Numidian kings. They were briefly displaced by a certain Hiarbas, but Roman intervention restored them.

This was the main Numidian kingdom after 81.

Annexed to Rome as Africa Nova (46–30).

This was a much smaller chiefdom than Eastern Numidia

References

  1. ^ Koch, John T. (2013). Tartessian: Celtic in the South-west at the Dawn of History. Celtic Studies Publications. p. 218. ISBN 9781891271199.
  2. ^ Mark, Joshua J. (27 February 2018). "The Masaesyli and Massylii of Numidia". Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  3. ^ Walsh, P. G. (1965). "Massinissa". The Journal of Roman Studies. 55 (1/2): 149–160. doi:10.2307/297437. JSTOR 297437.
  4. ^ Oyeniyi, Bukola A. (22 March 2019). "Traders, Merchants, and Invaders". The History of Libya. ABC-CLIO. p. 25. ISBN 9781440856075.
  5. ^ Warden, Michael (2019). Remember To Rule. Book Four. Personalities of the Republic. Lulu.com. p. 217. ISBN 9780244777333.
  6. ^ Astin, A. E.; Walbank, F. W.; Frederiksen, M. W.; Ogilvie, R. M. (1970). "Rome and Chartage". The Cambridge Ancient History. Rome and the Mediterranean to 133 B.C. 8 (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 143. ISBN 9780521234481.
  7. ^ Recueil des notices et mémoires de la Société archélologique de la Province de Constantine (in French). 7. Bibliothèque nationale de France. 1863.

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