List of countries and dependencies by population

A map of world population in 2019
A cartogram of the world population in 2018
World population percentage by country as of 2017

This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population. It includes sovereign states, inhabited dependent territories and, in some cases, constituent countries of sovereign states, with inclusion within the list being primarily based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1. For instance, the United Kingdom is considered as a single entity, while the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands are considered separately. In addition, this list includes certain states with limited recognition not found in ISO 3166-1.

Also given in percent is each country's population compared with the world population, which the United Nations estimates at 7.77 billion as of today.

Method

Figures used in this chart are based on the most up to date estimate or projections[1] by the national census authority where available, and are usually rounded off.

Where updated national data are not available, figures are based on the projections for 2019 by the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.[2]

Because the compiled figures are not collected at the same time in every country, or at the same level of accuracy, the resulting numerical comparisons may create misleading conclusions. Furthermore, the addition of figures from all countries may not equal the world total.

Areas that form integral parts of sovereign states, such as the countries of the United Kingdom, are counted as part of the sovereign states concerned. Not included are other entities, such as the European Union,[a] that are not sovereign states, and independent territories that do not have permanent populations, such as various countries' claims to Antarctica.

Sovereign states and dependencies by population

Note: A number rank is assigned to the 193 member states and two observer states of the United Nations. Dependent territories or constituent countries that are parts of sovereign states are shown in italics and not assigned a numbered rank. In addition, sovereign states with limited recognition are not assigned a number rank.

Rank Country (or dependent territory) Population % of world
population
Date Source
1  China[b] 1,401,492,920 18.0% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[3]
2  India 1,359,072,550 17.5% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[4]
3  United States[c] 329,345,637 4.24% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[5]
4  Indonesia 266,911,900 3.44% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[6]
5  Pakistan 218,741,520 2.82% 25 Feb 2020 2017 census[7]
6  Brazil 211,173,432 2.72% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[8]
7  Nigeria 200,963,599 2.59% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
8  Bangladesh 168,163,758 2.16% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[9]
9  Russia[d] 146,780,720 1.89% 1 Jan 2019 National estimate[10]
10  Mexico 126,577,691 1.63% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[11]
11  Japan 126,010,000 1.62% 1 Feb 2020 Monthly provisional estimate[12]
12  Philippines 108,323,702 1.39% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[13]
13  Egypt 100,052,943 1.29% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[14]
14  Ethiopia 98,665,000 1.27% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[15]
15  Vietnam 96,208,984 1.24% 1 Apr 2019 Preliminary 2019 census result[16]
16  DR Congo 86,790,567 1.12% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
17  Iran 83,230,120 1.07% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[17]
18  Turkey 83,154,997 1.07% 31 Dec 2019 National annual estimate[18]
19  Germany 83,149,300 1.07% 30 Sep 2019 National estimate[19]
20  France[e] 67,064,000 0.863% 1 Jan 2020 Monthly national estimate[20]
21  Thailand 66,474,267 0.856% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[21]
22  United Kingdom[f] 66,435,600 0.855% 30 Jun 2018 National annual estimate[22]
23  Italy 60,247,214 0.776% 30 Sep 2019 Monthly national estimate[23]
24  South Africa 58,775,022 0.757% 1 Jul 2019 National annual estimate[24]
25  Tanzania[g] 55,890,747 0.720% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[25]
26  Myanmar 54,339,766 0.700% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[26]
27  South Korea 51,780,579 0.667% 2020 National annual estimate[27]
28  Colombia 49,395,678 0.636% 30 Jun 2019 National annual projection[28]
29  Kenya 47,564,296 0.612% 31 Aug 2019 2019 census result[29]
30  Spain 47,100,396 0.606% 1 Jul 2019 National estimate[30]
31  Argentina 44,938,712 0.579% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[31]
32  Algeria 43,000,000 0.554% 1 Jan 2019 National annual projection[32]
33  Sudan 42,295,645 0.545% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[33]
34  Ukraine[h] 41,902,416 0.539% 1 Jan 2020 Monthly national estimate[34]
35  Uganda 40,299,300 0.519% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[35]
36  Iraq 39,127,900 0.504% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[36]
37  Poland 38,386,000 0.494% 30 Jun 2019 National estimate[37]
38  Canada 37,935,814 0.488% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[38]
39  Morocco[i] 35,821,024 0.461% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[39]
40  Saudi Arabia 34,218,169 0.441% 1 Jul 2019 National estimate[40]
41  Uzbekistan 34,034,952 0.438% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[41]
42  Malaysia 32,700,760 0.421% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[42]
43  Afghanistan 32,225,560 0.415% 1 Jul 2019 National annual estimate[43]
44  Venezuela 32,219,521 0.415% 30 Jun 2019 National annual projection[44]
45  Peru 32,131,400 0.414% 30 Jun 2019 National annual projection[45]
46  Angola 31,127,674 0.401% 2020 National projection[46]
47  Ghana 30,280,811 0.390% 1 Jul 2019 National projection[47]
48  Nepal 29,609,623 0.381% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[48]
49  Yemen 29,161,922 0.375% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
50  Mozambique 28,571,310 0.368% 1 Jul 2019 National projection[49]
51  Cameroon 25,876,000 0.333% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
52  Ivory Coast 25,823,071 0.332% 1 Jul 2019 National projection[50]
53  Madagascar 25,680,342 0.331% 18 May 2018 Provisional 2018 census result[51]
54  Australia 25,627,280 0.330% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[52]
55  North Korea 25,450,000 0.328% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[53]
 Taiwan[j] 23,604,265 0.304% 31 Jan 2020 Monthly national estimate[54]
56  Niger 22,314,743 0.287% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[55]
57  Sri Lanka 21,803,000 0.281% 1 Jul 2019 National estimate[56]
58  Burkina Faso 20,870,060 0.269% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[57]
59  Mali 19,973,000 0.257% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[58]
60  Romania 19,405,156 0.250% 1 Jan 2019 National annual estimate[59]
61  Chile 19,107,216 0.246% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[60]
62  Kazakhstan 18,651,680 0.240% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[61]
63  Malawi 17,563,749 0.226% 3 Sep 2018 2018 census result[62]
64  Netherlands 17,438,081 0.224% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[63]
65  Ecuador 17,431,712 0.224% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[64]
66  Zambia 17,381,168 0.224% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[65]
67  Syria 17,070,135 0.220% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
68  Guatemala 16,604,026 0.214% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[66]
69  Senegal 16,209,125 0.209% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[67]
70  Chad 15,692,969 0.202% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[68]
71  Somalia[k] 15,442,905 0.199% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
72  Cambodia 15,288,489 0.197% 3 Mar 2019 Provisional 2019 census result[69]
73  Zimbabwe 15,159,624 0.195% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[70]
74  South Sudan 12,778,250 0.165% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[71]
75  Rwanda 12,374,397 0.159% 1 Jul 2019 National projection annual[72]
76  Guinea 12,218,357 0.157% 1 Jul 2019 National projection[73]
77  Benin 11,733,059 0.151% 1 Jul 2019 National projection annual[74]
78  Tunisia 11,722,038 0.151% 1 Jul 2019 National estimate[75]
79  Haiti 11,577,779 0.149% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[76]
80  Belgium 11,522,169 0.148% 1 Dec 2019 Monthly national estimate[77]
81  Bolivia 11,469,896 0.148% 1 Jul 2019 National projection annual[78]
82  Cuba 11,209,628 0.144% 31 Dec 2018 National annual estimate[79]
83  Burundi 10,953,317 0.141% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[80]
84  Greece 10,724,599 0.138% 1 Jan 2019 National estimate[81]
85  Czech Republic 10,681,161 0.138% 30 Sep 2019 National quarterly estimate[82]
86  Jordan 10,622,608 0.137% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[83]
87  Dominican Republic 10,358,320 0.133% 1 Jul 2019 National projection[84]
88  Sweden 10,327,589 0.133% 31 Dec 2019 National monthly estimate[85]
89  Portugal 10,276,617 0.132% 31 Dec 2018 National annual estimate[86]
90  Azerbaijan 10,067,108 0.130% 1 Jan 2020 National estimate[87]
91  Hungary 9,772,756 0.126% 1 Jan 2019 National estimate[88]
92  United Arab Emirates 9,770,529 0.126% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
93  Belarus 9,413,446 0.121% 4 Oct 2019 Preliminary 2019 census result[89]
94  Israel 9,164,160 0.118% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[90]
95  Honduras 9,158,345 0.118% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[91]
96  Tajikistan 9,127,000 0.118% 1 Jan 2019 National estimate[92]
97  Papua New Guinea 8,935,000 0.115% 2020 National annual projection[93]
98  Austria 8,902,600 0.115% 1 Jan 2020 Quarterly provisional figure[94]
99  Switzerland 8,586,550 0.111% 30 Sep 2019 National provisional figure[95]
100  Sierra Leone 7,901,454 0.102% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[96]
101  Togo 7,538,000 0.0970% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[97]
 Hong Kong (China) 7,500,700 0.0966% 31 Dec 2019 National estimate[98]
102  Paraguay 7,152,703 0.0921% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[99]
103  Laos 7,123,205 0.0917% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[100]
104  Bulgaria 7,000,039 0.0901% 31 Dec 2018 National estimate[101]
105  Serbia[l] 6,963,764 0.0897% 1 Jan 2019 National annual estimate[102]
106  Lebanon 6,855,713 0.0883% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
107  Libya 6,777,452 0.0873% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
108  El Salvador 6,704,864 0.0863% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[103]
109  Kyrgyzstan 6,490,300 0.0836% 1 Oct 2019 National estimate[104]
110  Nicaragua 6,460,411 0.0832% 30 Jun 2018 National estimate[105]
111  Turkmenistan 5,942,089 0.0765% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
112  Denmark 5,822,763 0.0750% 1 Jan 2020 National quarterly estimate[106]
113  Singapore 5,703,600 0.0734% 30 Jun 2019 National estimate[107]
114  Finland 5,527,573 0.0712% 31 Dec 2019 National monthly estimate[108]
115  Central African Republic 5,496,011 0.0708% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[109]
116  Slovakia 5,456,362 0.0702% 30 Sep 2019 National estimate[110]
117  Congo 5,380,508 0.0693% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
118  Norway 5,356,789 0.0690% 1 Oct 2019 National quarterly estimate[111]
119  Costa Rica 5,058,007 0.0651% 30 Jun 2019 National annual projection[112]
120  Palestine 4,976,684 0.0641% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[113]
121  New Zealand 4,961,213 0.0639% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[114]
122  Ireland 4,921,500 0.0634% 1 Apr 2019 National estimate[115]
123  Oman 4,664,790 0.0601% 1 Jan 2020 National estimate[116]
124  Liberia 4,475,353 0.0576% 1 Jul 2019 National projection[117]
125  Kuwait 4,420,110 0.0569% 1 Jan 2019 National annual estimate[118]
126  Panama 4,218,808 0.0543% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[119]
127  Mauritania 4,077,347 0.0525% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[120]
128  Croatia 4,076,246 0.0525% 31 Dec 2018 National annual estimate[121]
129  Georgia[m] 3,723,464 0.0479% 1 Jan 2019 National annual estimate[122]
130  Uruguay 3,518,552 0.0453% 30 Jun 2019 National annual projection[123]
131  Eritrea 3,497,117 0.0450% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
132  Mongolia 3,304,526 0.0425% 25 Feb 2020 National population clock[124]
133  Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,301,000 0.0425% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
 Puerto Rico (US) 3,193,694 0.0411% 1 Jul 2019 National estimate[125]
134  Armenia 2,957,500 0.0381% 30 Sep 2019 National quarterly estimate[126]
135  Albania 2,862,427 0.0369% 1 Jan 2019 National annual estimate[127]
136  Lithuania 2,793,350 0.0360% 1 Feb 2020 Monthly national estimate[128]
137  Qatar 2,747,282 0.0354% 30 Sep 2019 Monthly national estimate[129]
138  Jamaica 2,726,667 0.0351% 31 Dec 2018 National estimate[130]
139  Moldova[n] 2,681,735 0.0345% 1 Jan 2019 National estimate[131]
140  Namibia 2,458,936 0.0317% 1 Jul 2019 National projection[132]
141  Gambia 2,347,706 0.0302% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
142  Botswana 2,338,851 0.0301% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[133]
143  Gabon 2,172,579 0.0280% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
144  Slovenia 2,094,060 0.0270% 1 Oct 2019 National estimate[134]
145  North Macedonia 2,077,132 0.0267% 31 Dec 2018 National estimate[135]
146  Lesotho 2,007,201 0.0258% 10 Apr 2016 2016 census result[136]
147  Latvia 1,906,800 0.0245% 1 Feb 2020 Monthly national estimate[137]
 Kosovo[o] 1,795,666 0.0231% 31 Dec 2018 National annual estimate[138]
148  Guinea-Bissau 1,604,528 0.0207% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[139]
149  Bahrain 1,543,300 0.0199% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[140]
150  East Timor 1,387,149 0.0179% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[141]
151  Trinidad and Tobago 1,363,985 0.0176% 30 Jun 2019 National estimate[142]
152  Equatorial Guinea 1,358,276 0.0175% 1 Jul 2018 National estimate[143]
153  Estonia 1,328,360 0.0171% 1 Jan 2020 National estimate[144]
154  Mauritius 1,265,985 0.0163% 1 Jul 2019 National estimate[145]
155  Eswatini 1,093,238 0.0141% 11 May 2017 National census result[146]
156  Djibouti 1,078,373 0.0139% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[147]
157  Fiji 884,887 0.0114% 17 Sep 2017 National census result[148]
158  Cyprus 875,900 0.0113% 31 Dec 2018 National annual estimate[149]
159  Comoros 873,724 0.0112% 1 Jul 2019 National estimate[150]
160  Guyana 782,766 0.0101% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
161  Bhutan 741,672 0.00955% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[151]
162  Solomon Islands 680,806 0.00876% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[152]
 Macau (China) 676,100 0.00870% 30 Sep 2019 National quarterly estimate[153]
163  Montenegro 622,359 0.00801% 1 Jan 2018 National estimate[154]
164  Luxembourg 613,894 0.00790% 1 Jan 2019 National estimate[155]
 Western Sahara[p] 582,463 0.00750% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
165  Suriname 581,372 0.00748% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
166  Cape Verde 550,483 0.00709% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[156]
167  Malta 493,559 0.00635% 31 Dec 2018 National estimate[157]
 Transnistria[q] 469,000 0.00604% 1 Jan 2018 National estimate[158]
168  Brunei 442,400 0.00570% 1 Jul 2018 National estimate[159]
169  Belize 408,487 0.00526% 1 Jul 2019 National estimate[160]
170  Bahamas 385,340 0.00496% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[161]
171  Maldives 374,775 0.00482% 31 Dec 2018 National annual estimate[162]
172  Iceland 364,260 0.00469% 31 Dec 2019 National quarterly estimate[163]
 Northern Cyprus[r] 351,965 0.00453% 31 Dec 2017 National estimate[164]
173  Vanuatu 304,500 0.00392% 1 Jul 2018 National annual estimate[93]
174  Barbados 287,025 0.00370% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
 New Caledonia (France) 282,200 0.00363% 1 Jan 2018 National annual estimate[165]
 French Polynesia (France) 275,918 0.00355% 17 Aug 2017 2017 census results[166]
 Abkhazia[s] 244,832 0.00315% 1 Jan 2018 National estimate[167]
175  São Tomé and Príncipe 201,784 0.00260% 1 Jul 2018 National estimate[168]
176  Samoa 200,874 0.00259% 1 Jul 2019 National projection[169]
177  Saint Lucia 178,696 0.00230% 1 Jul 2018 National annual estimate[170]
 Guam (US) 172,400 0.00222% 1 Jul 2018 National annual estimate[93]
 Curaçao (Netherlands) 158,665 0.00204% 1 Jan 2019 National annual estimate[171]
Flag of Artsakh.svg Artsakh[t] 148,000 0.00191% 1 Jan 2019 National annual estimate[172]
178  Kiribati 120,100 0.00155% 1 Jul 2018 National annual estimate[93]
 Aruba (Netherlands) 112,309 0.00145% 31 Mar 2019 National quarterly estimate[173]
179  Grenada 112,003 0.00144% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
180  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 110,608 0.00142% 1 Jul 2019 National estimate[174]
 Jersey (UK) 106,800 0.00137% 31 Dec 2018 National estimate[175]
 U.S. Virgin Islands (US) 104,578 0.00135% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
181  F.S. Micronesia 104,468 0.00134% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[176]
182  Tonga 100,651 0.00130% 30 Nov 2016 2016 census result[177]
183  Seychelles 97,625 0.00126% 30 Jun 2019 National estimate[178]
184  Antigua and Barbuda 96,453 0.00124% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[179]
 Isle of Man (UK) 83,314 0.00107% 24 Apr 2016 2016 census result[180]
185  Andorra 77,543 0.000998% 31 Dec 2019 National estimate[181]
186  Dominica 71,808 0.000924% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
 Cayman Islands (UK) 65,813 0.000847% 31 Dec 2018 National estimate[182]
 Bermuda (UK) 64,027 0.000824% 1 Jul 2019 National annual projection[183]
 Guernsey (UK) 62,792 0.000808% 31 Mar 2019 National estimate[184]
 American Samoa (US) 56,700 0.000730% 1 Jul 2018 National annual estimate[93]
 Greenland (Denmark) 56,081 0.000722% 1 Jan 2020 National estimate[185]
 Northern Mariana Islands (US) 56,200 0.000724% 1 Jul 2018 National annual estimate[93]
187  Marshall Islands 55,500 0.000715% 1 Jul 2018 National annual estimate[93]
 South Ossetia[u] 53,532 0.000689% 15 Oct 2015 Preliminary 2015 census result[186]
188  Saint Kitts and Nevis 52,823 0.000680% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
 Faroe Islands (Denmark) 52,124 0.000671% 1 Jan 2020 Monthly national estimate[187]
 Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 41,369 0.000533% 1 Jul 2018 National estimate[188]
 Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 40,614 0.000523% 1 Jan 2018 National estimate[189]
189  Liechtenstein 38,557 0.000496% 30 Jun 2019 National semi annual estimate[190]
190  Monaco 38,300 0.000493% 31 Dec 2018 National annual estimate[191]
 Saint Martin (France) 35,746 0.000460% 1 Jan 2016 National estimate[192]
 Gibraltar (UK) 33,701 0.000434% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
191  San Marino 33,574 0.000432% 31 Dec 2019 National monthly estimate[193]
 British Virgin Islands (UK) 30,030 0.000387% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
 Åland Islands (Finland) 29,789 0.000384% 31 Dec 2018 National annual estimate[194]
192  Palau 17,900 0.000230% 1 Jul 2018 National annual estimate[93]
 Cook Islands (NZ) 15,200 0.000196% 1 Jul 2018 National annual estimate[93]
 Anguilla (UK) 14,869 0.000191% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
 Wallis and Futuna (France) 11,700 0.000151% 1 Jul 2018 National annual estimate[93]
193  Nauru 11,000 0.000142% 1 Jul 2018 National annual estimate[93]
194  Tuvalu 10,200 0.000131% 1 Jul 2018 National annual estimate[93]
 Saint Barthélemy (France) 9,793 0.000126% 1 Jan 2016 National estimate[195]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 6,008 0.0000773% 1 Jan 2016 National estimate[196]
 Saint Helena, Ascension
and Tristan da Cunha
(UK)
5,633 0.0000725% 7 Feb 2016 2016 census result[197]
 Montserrat (UK) 4,989 0.0000642% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
 Falkland Islands (UK) 3,198 0.0000412% 9 Oct 2016 2016 census result[198]
 Christmas Island (Australia) 1,928 0.0000248% 30 Jun 2018 National estimate[199]
 Norfolk Island (Australia) 1,756 0.0000226% 30 Jun 2018 National estimate[199]
 Niue (NZ) 1,520 0.0000196% 1 Jul 2018 National annual estimate[93]
 Tokelau (NZ) 1,400 0.0000180% 1 Jul 2018 National annual estimate[93]
195  Vatican City 799 0.0000103% 1 Jul 2019 UN projection[2]
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) 538 0.00000693% 30 Jun 2018 National estimate[199]
 Pitcairn Islands (UK) 50 0.000000644% 1 Jan 2019 National estimate[200]
 World 7,767,551,000 100% 25 Feb 2020 UN projection[201]

See also

Lists of countries by population

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