List of countries by population in 1600

Historical Demographics
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List of Countries by Population
1500 1600 1700

This is a list of countries by population in 1600. Estimate numbers are from the beginning of the year, and exact population figures are for countries that held a census on various dates in that year. The bulk of these numbers are sourced from Alexander V. Avakov's Two Thousand Years of Economic Statistics, Volume 1, pages 15 to 17, which cover population figures from the year 1600 divided into modern borders. Avakov, in turn, cites a variety of sources, mostly Angus Maddison.

Country/Territory Population c. 1600 estimate Percentage of World Population
  World 579,000,000 -
Ming Empire[1] 160,000,000 27.6%
Imperial Seal of the Mughal Empire.svg Mughal Empire[2] 115,000,000 19.9%
 Holy Roman Empire[3][a]
subdivisions
27,000,000+ - 34,000,000+ 5.2%
Iberian Union[25]
subdivisions
25,000,000+ 4.3%
Ottoman Empire[3]
subdivisions
26,000,000 4.5%
 Kingdom of France[38] 20,000,000 3.5%
Tokugawa Shogunate[3] 18,500,000 3.2%
          Joseon[3] 9,879,000 1.7%
 Tsardom of Russia[39] ~9,000,000 1.6%
 Habsburg Monarchy[3][40]
subdivisions
8,300,000 1.4%
 Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth[43] 7,950,000 1.4%
English Crown[44]
subdivisions
5,600,000 1.0%
Imperial Standard of Nguyen Dynasty1.svg Đại Việt[45] 5,500,000 0.9%
Safavid Empire[46] under 5,000,000 to 10,000,000 0.6%
          Malla[3] 2,750,000 0.5%
Kingdom of Morocco[3] 2,250,000 0.4%
          Burmese Taungoo Dynasty[3]
subdivisions
2,380,000 0.4%
Ayutthaya Kingdom (plus Lan Na)[3] 2,236,000 0.4%
 Ethiopian Empire[3] 2,104,000 0.4%
Flag of Most Serene Republic of Venice.svg Republic of Venice 2,000,000[47] 0.3%
 Dutch Republic[3] 1,500,000 0.3%
Cambodia[3] 1,419,000 0.2%
Naval Ensign of Sweden.svg Swedish Empire[48]
subdivisions
1,361,000 0.2%
 Denmark–Norway[49][50][51]
subdivisions
1,000,000 0.2%
 Kingdom of Scotland[52] 800,000 0.14%
 Republic of Genoa[53] 650,000 0.11%
          Kingdom of Lan Xang[3] 319,000 0.055%
          Malay Sultanates of Johor, Kedah, Pattani, and Perak[54] <200,000 (together) 0.023%
          Arab Emirates[3] 35,000 0.006%

The source used here calculates the said nations population by modern day borders, so the estimates are likely inaccurate.

See also

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