List of highest paved roads in Europe

The Pico del Veleta road

This is a list of the highest paved roads in Europe. It includes roads that are over 1 kilometre (0.62 miles) long and whose culminating point is over 2,000 metres (6,562 feet) above sea level. This height approximately corresponds to that of the highest settlements in Europe and to the tree line in several mountain ranges such as the Alps and the Pyrenees, where most of the highest roads are located. Some of the listed roads are closed to motorised vehicles, although they are normally all accessible to pedestrians and cyclists. These mountain roads are visited by drivers, motorcyclists, hikers, and bicyclists for their scenery and often feature in the routes of European bicycle races such as the Vuelta a España, the Tour de Suisse, the Tour de France and the Giro d'Italia.

Below the list of highest roads is a list of the highest motorways (controlled-access highways) in Europe. It includes motorways whose culminating point is over 1,000 metres (3,281 feet) above sea level.

Highest paved roads

Highest elevation Name(s) Mountains Country Type From / Between Remarks Highest point
c. 3,300 m[1] Veleta Sierra Nevada  Spain dead end Granada and Pico Veleta Access road from Granada.[2] Free access until Hoya de la Mora at 2,526 m.[3] From Hoya de la Mora onwards, the road gets much narrower and access to motor vehicles is restricted to those previously authorized. Asphalt ends at around 3,300 m but the road continues unpaved until reaching 3,380 m. 37°03′21″N 03°22′09″W / 37.05583°N 3.36917°W / 37.05583; -3.36917 (Sierra Nevada)
2,845 m IRAM Sierra Nevada  Spain dead end From Veleta-road Private road serving a telescope.[4] Side road from the Veleta road (from c. 2,670 m). 37°03′57″N 03°23′35″W / 37.06583°N 3.39306°W / 37.06583; -3.39306 (Sierra Nevada)
2,829 m Tiefenbachferner (Ötztaler Gletscherstraße) Ötztal Alps  Austria dead end Sölden access road from Sölden to Rettenbachferner (side road up to 2,795 m) and Tiefenbachferner (2,803 m) glaciers, highest point at southern end of the 1,7 km long tunnel[5][6] 46°55′29″N 10°56′40″E / 46.92472°N 10.94444°E / 46.92472; 10.94444 (Ötztal Glacier Road)
2,802 m Cime de la Bonette French Alps  France loop road One-way loop road running from Col de la Bonette at 2,715 m, and surrounding Cime de la Bonette (2,862 m); the highest point on the road is at 2,802 m Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France 44°19′18″N 6°48′25″E / 44.32167°N 6.80694°E / 44.32167; 6.80694 (Cime de la Bonette)
2,770 m Col de l'Iseran Graian Alps  France pass Val-d'Isère, Tarentaise and Bonneval-sur-Arc, Maurienne Highest paved mountain pass in the Alps. Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France. Latest French IGN maps mark this pass as 2,764 metres. From the pass a paved side road to Lac de Céma (0,9 km) and further to Pissaillas (1,4 km), both approximately at the same level as the pass. 45°25′1″N 07°01′51″E / 45.41694°N 7.03083°E / 45.41694; 7.03083 (Col de l'Iseran)
2,757 m Stilfserjoch / Passo dello Stelvio Ortler Alps
Eastern Alps
 Italy pass Prato allo Stelvio and Bormio the highest paved mountain pass in the Eastern Alps. Often designated the Cima Coppi in the annual running of the Giro d'Italia. The shield at the pass summit indicates a height of 2,760 metres. From the pass a short paved side road to cafeteria Tibethütte (c. 2,770 m). 46°31′43″N 10°27′10″E / 46.52861°N 10.45278°E / 46.52861; 10.45278 (Stelvio Pass)
2,750 m Kaunertaler Gletscherstraße Ötztal Alps  Austria dead end Prutz Access road from Feichten to the Weißseeferner and a ski area. Also the highest bus stop in Austria. 46°51′51″N 10°42′48″E / 46.86417°N 10.71333°E / 46.86417; 10.71333 (Kaunertal)
2,744 m Col Agnel / Colle dell'Agnello Cottian Alps  France
 Italy
pass Queyras and Pontechianale highest international paved pass of the Alps. Often designated the Cima Coppi in the annual running of the Giro d'Italia. Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France 44°41′2″N 06°58′46″E / 44.68389°N 6.97944°E / 44.68389; 6.97944 (Col Agnel)
2,715 m Col de la Bonette French Alps  France pass Jausiers and Saint-Étienne-de-Tinée Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France. A one-way loop road originates here to a marble monument at 2,802 m, conventionally named Cime de la Bonette, although the real summit is higher up at 2,862 m, accessible on foot.
2,645 m Col du Galibier Dauphiné Alps  France pass Saint-Michel-de-Maurienne and Briançon Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France 45°03′50.4″N 06°24′28.8″E / 45.064000°N 6.408000°E / 45.064000; 6.408000 (Col du Galibier)
2,641 m Colle del Nivolet Graian Alps  Italy pass Locana (Piedmont) Film location in The Italian Job, including the final bus crash. Lago Serrù (2,275 m) is bypassed along the road. From the pass the paved road continues down to Rifugio Savoia (2,520 m), ending soon after. 45°28′49″N 7°08′32″E / 45.48028°N 7.14222°E / 45.48028; 7.14222 (Col du Nivolet)
2,621 m Passo di Gavia Italian Alps  Italy pass Bormio (Sondrio) and Ponte di Legno (Brescia) Often designated the Cima Coppi in the annual running of the Giro d'Italia 46°20′37″N 10°29′17″E / 46.34361°N 10.48806°E / 46.34361; 10.48806 (Gavia Pass)
2,572 m Edelweißspitze Hohe Tauern  Austria dead end Fusch (Salzburg) and Heiligenblut (Carinthia) Side road of the Grossglockner High Alpine Road, from Fuscher Törl (2,428 m) 47°07′25″N 12°49′53″E / 47.12361°N 12.83139°E / 47.12361; 12.83139 (Edelweissspitze)
2,552 m Road to Vintcheto Rila  Bulgaria dead end Pastra village (Rila valley) Highest concrete-paved road on the Balkans. The highest section crosses the ridge between the two connected reservoirs at Vintcheto (Kalin Reservoir 2,394 m, Karagyol Reservoir 2,364 m) and is closed between late October and beginning of July due to heavy snow conditions. 42°10′53″N 23°15′23″E / 42.18139°N 23.25639°E / 42.18139; 23.25639 (Vintcheto)
2,535 m Meghri Pass Zangezur Mountains  Armenia pass Kajaran (Syunik Marz) and Lichkvaz (Syunik Marz) Highest paved mountain pass in Armenia 39°11′59″N 46°16′12″E / 39.19972°N 46.27000°E / 39.19972; 46.27000 (M2 - Meghri Pass)
2,504 m Großglockner-Hochalpenstraße Hohe Tauern  Austria dead end Fusch (Salzburg) and Heiligenblut (Carinthia) Toll road. It has two passes, Hochtor (tunnel, 2,504 m) and Fuscher Törl (2,428 m). In addition, there are two side roads, to Edelweißspitze (2,572 m) and to Kaiser-Franz-Josefs-Höhe (2,369 m), both dead ends.
2,501 m Umbrailpass / Giogo di Santa Maria / Pass Umbrail Ortler Alps
Eastern Alps
  Switzerland
 Italy
pass Santa Maria Val Müstair and Bormio near Passo dello Stelvio 46°32′35″N 10°26′02″E / 46.54306°N 10.43389°E / 46.54306; 10.43389 (Umbrail Pass)
2,481 m Colle Fauniera Cottian Alps  Italy pass Castelmagno / Ponte Marmora, Piedmont and Demonte Also known as Colle dei Morti ("Hill of the Dead") 44°23′09″N 7°07′19″E / 44.3857°N 7.12189°E / 44.3857; 7.12189 (Colle Fauniera)
2,480 m Nufenenpass / Passo della Novena Lepontine Alps   Switzerland pass Ulrichen and Airolo Views of the Finsteraarhorn and the Gries Glacier 46°28′41″N 08°23′35″E / 46.47806°N 8.39306°E / 46.47806; 8.39306 (Nufenen Pass)
2,474 m Timmelsjoch / Passo del Rombo Ötztal Alps  Austria
 Italy
pass Ötz, Tyrol and St. Leonhard in Passeier, South Tyrol Paved road projected before WW II but completed only in 1967. Closed to lorries and vehicles with trailers. Toll station on Austrian side. 46°54′19″N 11°05′50″E / 46.90528°N 11.09722°E / 46.90528; 11.09722 (Timmelsjoch)
2,469 m Col du Grand-Saint-Bernard / Colle del Gran San Bernardo Valais Alps   Switzerland
 Italy
pass Martigny, Valais and Aosta, Aosta Valley The third highest road pass in Switzerland. Italian border is c. 0,4 km westwards from the pass. 45°52′08″N 7°10′14″E / 45.86889°N 7.17056°E / 45.86889; 7.17056 (Great St Bernard Pass)
2,454 m Col de la Moutière Alps  France pass Saint-Dalmas-le-Selvage and Bayasse or Jausiers via the Col de Restefond The north side is not paved (some concrete parts, though)
2,432 m Hochwurtenspeicher (Mölltaler Gletscherstraße) Alps  Austria dead end Ausserfragant [7] By the Gletscherbahn is a barrier as a roadblock. Several reservoir lakes along the road (Wurtenspeicher 1,695 m, Stübelesee c. 2,310 m, Weißsee c. 2,370 m). Also, a side road of c. 1 km to Feldsee 2,217 m (from c. 2,120 m).
2,429 m Furkapass Uri Alps
Lepontine Alps
  Switzerland pass Gletsch, Valais and Realp, Canton of Uri used as a location in the James Bond film Goldfinger. Site of the Rhone Glacier, source of river Rhone. In-glacier prepared Ice Cave accessible from the road at 2,300 m 46°34′22″N 08°25′00″E / 46.57278°N 8.41667°E / 46.57278; 8.41667 (Furka Pass)
2,420 m Großsee (Zirknitztal) Alps  Austria dead end Döllach [8]
2,418 m Mirador de Roque de los Muchachos La Palma (Islas Canarias)  Spain dead end Santa Cruz de La Palma and Hoya Grande Not located in the continental Europe but belongs to Spain. Side road of 3,7 km from LP-4 road (from c. 2,145 m), ending at a parking place. Highest road on La Palma island (and in the Canary Islands). Along the road there are strictly forbidden access roads to some 15 observatories of the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory.
By the way, the highest points of the LP-4 road are c. 2,290 m and c. 2,270 m, located very near kilometer signs 31 and 33 of the road, respectively. Neither of these passes is named, but the latter is near the Mirador de Los Andenes.
28°45′15.99″N 17°53′6.56″W / 28.7544417°N 17.8851556°W / 28.7544417; -17.8851556 (Roque de los Muchachos)
2,416 m Colle Valcavera Cottian Alps  Italy pass Demonte Side road (100 m) from the Colle della Fauniera road (at 1,9 km distance). On the western side of the Valcavera pass the road is gravel (Maira-Stura-Kammstrasse, MSKS), high road of 14,7 km to Colle del Preit (2,076 m).
2,413 m Col du Granon Alps  France pass Saint-Chaffrey, La Salle-les-Alpes Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France, paved only on the west side. 44°57′46″N 06°36′40″E / 44.96278°N 6.61111°E / 44.96278; 6.61111 (Col du Granon)
2,408 m Port d'Envalira Pyrenees  Andorra pass Soldeu and El Pas de la Casa Highest paved road pass in the Pyrenees. The pass is bypassed by the Envalira Tunnel. It is heavily trafficked by duty free day trippers from France. 42°32′24.2″N 1°43′10.58″E / 42.540056°N 1.7196056°E / 42.540056; 1.7196056 (Port d'Envalira)
2,394 m Oscheniksee Alps  Austria dead end Innerfragant Side road from the Mölltaler Gletscherstraße. At the beginning is a barrier as a roadblock.
2,394 m Road to Kalin Reservoir Rila  Bulgaria dead end Pastra village (Rila valley) Concrete-paved road to the highest reservoir in the Balkans[9][10] 42°10′21″N 23°15′3″E / 42.17250°N 23.25083°E / 42.17250; 23.25083 (Kalin Reservoir)
2,390 m Oberaarsee Bernese Alps   Switzerland dead end Grimselpass (canton of Bern) Highest point c. 900 m from Oberaarsee (2,303 m) 46°33′08″N 08°16′48″E / 46.55222°N 8.28000°E / 46.55222; 8.28000 (Oberaarsee)
2,389 m Lac de Moiry Valais Alps   Switzerland dead end Grimentz-Lac de Moiry-Lac de Châteaupré (canton of Valais) 46°06′24″N 07°34′44″E / 46.10667°N 7.57889°E / 46.10667; 7.57889 (Lac de Moiry)
2,386 m Griessee Alps   Switzerland dead end Nufenen Pass road Side road from Nufenenpass-road (from c. 2300 m). Some short gravel sections because of worn out asphalt. 46°27′44″N 08°22′22″E / 46.46222°N 8.37278°E / 46.46222; 8.37278 (Griessee)
2,383 m Flüelapass Albula Alps   Switzerland pass Davos and Susch, (Graubünden) 46°45′01″N 09°56′52″E / 46.75028°N 9.94778°E / 46.75028; 9.94778 (Flüela Pass)
2,379 m Georgian Military Road, Jvari Pass Caucasus Mountains  Georgia pass Vladikavkaz (Russia) and Tbilisi (Georgia) 42°30′15″N 44°27′14″E / 42.5042°N 44.4538°E / 42.5042; 44.4538 (Georgian Military Road, Jvari Pass)
2,370 m Colle Esischie Cottian Alps  Italy pass Ponte Marmora and Pradleves Along the road of Colle della Fauniera, at 1,5 km distance
2,370 m Plan du Lac Alps  France dead end Termignon In the Vanoise National Park. Road continues to Entre-Deux-Eaux 2,012 m (dead end).
2,369 m Kaiser-Franz-Josefs-Höhe Hohe Tauern  Austria dead end Fusch (Salzburg) and Heiligenblut (Carinthia) Side road of the Grossglockner High Alpine Road, from c. 1,860 m
2,361 m Col d'Izoard Cottian Alps  France pass Briançon, and Guil, Queyras, Guillestre Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France 44°49′12″N 06°44′07″E / 44.82000°N 6.73528°E / 44.82000; 6.73528 (Col d'Izoard)
2,356 m Teide Tenerife (Islas Canarias)  Spain pass Los Cristianos Not located in the continental Europe but belongs to Spain.
2,350 m Col de la Lombarde / Colle di Lombarda Maritime Alps  France
 Italy
pass Isola, via Isola 2000 and Vinadio Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France 44°12′8″N 07°09′1″E / 44.20222°N 7.15028°E / 44.20222; 7.15028 (Col de la Lombarde)
2,350 m Val Thorens French Alps  France dead end Saint-Martin-de-Belleville, (Tarentaise Valley Savoie), near Chambéry Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France
2,347 m Col du Gondran Alps  France dead end Briançon The road is closed to general traffic. Tarmac is partly worn out. From the pass gravel roads (MTB recommended) continue to, for example, Fort du Gondran (Gondran C), which is located at Sommet des Anges (2,459 m), Fort Le Janus (2,529 m) and down to Montgenèvre (1,860 m).
2,346 m Dzhanka Saddle Rila  Bulgaria pass Samokov, Sofia Province and Yakoruda, Blagoevgrad Province In Rila National Park; Macadam road, closed for general traffic 42°07′38″N 23°35′05″E / 42.12722°N 23.58472°E / 42.12722; 23.58472 (Kalin Reservoir)
2,340 m Tguma Parkplatz Alps   Switzerland dead end Zillis, via Wergenstein Last c. 200 m is gravel 46°37′26″N 09°21′51″E / 46.62389°N 9.36417°E / 46.62389; 9.36417 (Tguma Parkplatz)
2,340 m Tre Cime di Lavaredo Sexten Dolomites  Italy dead end near Cortina d'Ampezzo, Lake Misurina Sometimes designated the Cima Coppi in the annual running of the Giro d'Italia, 46°37′07″N 12°18′20″E / 46.61861°N 12.30556°E / 46.61861; 12.30556 (Tre Cime di Lavaredo)
2,328 m Berninapass / Passo del Bernina Bernina Range
Alps
  Switzerland pass Celerina and Tirano 46°24.744′N 10°1.71′E / 46.412400°N 10.02850°E / 46.412400; 10.02850 (Berninapass)
2,326 m Col de la Cayolle Maritime Alps
Alps
 France pass Barcelonnette, (Ubaye Valley) and Saint-Martin-d'Entraunes The road leads to the red-rock Gorges de Daluis at Daluis 44°15′32″N 6°44′38″E / 44.25889°N 6.74389°E / 44.25889; 6.74389 (Col de la Cayolle)
2,314 m Albulapass
(Pass d'Alvra)
Albula Range   Switzerland pass Tiefencastel, via Bergün and La Punt (Inn Valley, Engadin) 46°35′N 09°53′E / 46.583°N 9.883°E / 46.583; 9.883 (Albulapass)
2,314 m Forcola di Livigno Livigno Alps   Switzerland
 Italy
pass Val Poschiavo and Livigno 46°26′33″N 10°03′25″E / 46.44250°N 10.05694°E / 46.44250; 10.05694 (Forcola di Livigno)
2,311 m Lago del Narèt Lepontine Alps   Switzerland dead end Fusio and Lago del Narèt, Ticino 46°28′47″N 8°34′31″E / 46.47972°N 8.57528°E / 46.47972; 8.57528 (Lago del Narèt)
2,310 m Lago dei Cavagnöö Lepontine Alps   Switzerland dead end Robièi and Lago dei Cavagnöö, Ticino Only accessible by aerial tramway from San Carlo (1,040 m). Lowest point of the road: 1,856 m 46°27′19″N 8°30′30″E / 46.45528°N 8.50833°E / 46.45528; 8.50833 (Lago dei Cavagnöö)
2,302 m Port de Cabús Pyrenees  Andorra
 Spain
pass Erts and Llavorsí 2302m[11] Tarmac road surface on the Andorra side (via Coll de la Botella, 2,064 m), but not paved on the Spanish side. 42°32′47″N 1°25′11″E / 42.54639°N 1.41972°E / 42.54639; 1.41972 (Port de Cabús)
2,291 m Passo del Foscagno Livigno Range  Italy pass Livigno (via Passo d'Eira & Trepalle) and Bormio 46°29′42″N 10°12′32″E / 46.49500°N 10.20889°E / 46.49500; 10.20889 (Passo del Foscagno)
2,284 m Colle di Sampeyre Cottian Alps  Italy pass Sampeyre and Stroppo / Elva 44°33′4″N 7°7′8″E / 44.55111°N 7.11889°E / 44.55111; 7.11889 (Colle di Sampeyre)
2,284 m Julierpass
(Pass da Güglia)
Albula Range   Switzerland pass Engadin valley and Tiefencastel watershed / drainage divide between the basins of the Rivers Rhine and Danube 46°28.32′N 09°43.74′E / 46.47200°N 9.72900°E / 46.47200; 9.72900 (Julierpass)
2,280 m Saut Dam Alps  France dead end Lac du Chevril Road to Sassière Lake 45°29′N 06°58′E / 45.483°N 6.967°E / 45.483; 6.967 (Barrage du Saut)
2,259 m (pass)
2,224 m (tunnel)
Sustenpass Urner Alps   Switzerland pass / tunnel Innertkirchen, (Canton of Bern) and Wassen, Canton of Uri Views of the Stein Glacier. Old passroad is nowadays a dead end (for vehicles). Sustenpass tunnel offers much much more popular thoroughfare between the valleys. Its altitude is 2,224 m at the eastern end, and 2,223 m at the western end. 46°43.8′N 08°26.94′E / 46.7300°N 8.44900°E / 46.7300; 8.44900 (Sustenpass)
2,257 m Bola del Mundo Sierra de Guadarrama  Spain dead end Puerto de Navacerrada Sideroad of the Puerto de Navacerrada. Paved with rough cement and not open to regular road traffic.[12][13] 40°47′N 03°58′W / 40.783°N 3.967°W / 40.783; -3.967 (Bola del Mundo)
2,257 m Lago della Sella Alps   Switzerland dead end Gotthard Pass 46°33′33″N 08°35′34″E / 46.55917°N 8.59278°E / 46.55917; 8.59278 (Lago della Sella)
2,252 m Col du Sanetsch Bernese Alps   Switzerland dead end Pont-de-la-Morge (or Sion) (Valais)[14] On the north side road continues to Lac de Sénin (2,034 m), ending soon after.
2,250 m Col d'Allos Alps  France pass Barcelonnette, (Ubaye Valley) and Colmars
2,244 m Passo di Sella / Sella Joch Trentino
South Tyrol
 Italy pass Val Gherdëina, South Tyrol and Canazei, Fascia Valley Highest road pass in the Dolomites
2,242 m Passo Scimfuss Alps   Switzerland dead end Gotthard Pass 46°32′35″N 08°35′28″E / 46.54306°N 8.59111°E / 46.54306; 8.59111 (Passo Scimfuss)
2,240 m Arcalís
(Estación de Esquí de Arcalís)
Pyrenees  Andorra dead end Ordino Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France
2,239 m Dosso dei Galli Alps  Italy pass Passo del Maniva (1,664 m) and Passo di Croce Domini (1,892 m) Side road from Sella dell'Auccia. Military road. Access restricted.
2,239 m Passo Pordoi Dolomites  Italy pass Canazei and Livinallongo del Col di Lana Often designated the Cima Coppi in the annual running of the Giro d'Italia
2,236 m Passo di Giau Dolomites  Italy pass Cortina d'Ampezzo and Selva di Cadore / Livinallongo del Col di Lana 46°29.05′N 12°5.1′E / 46.48417°N 12.0850°E / 46.48417; 12.0850 (Giau Pass)
2,231 m Alpe Galm Alps   Switzerland dead end Guttet-Oberu-Galm 46°21′23″N 07°40′52″E / 46.35639°N 7.68111°E / 46.35639; 7.68111 (Galm)
2,225 m Err-Puigmal Jaça del Prat de Tossa Pyrenees  France dead end Err
2,221 m Männlichen Bernese Oberland   Switzerland pass Grindelwald Grund Good surface to top
2,215 m Col de Portet Pyrenees  France dead end Saint-Lary-Soulan Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France. On the other side of the pass a steep gravel road to Lac de l'Oule and below. 42°49′59″N 0°14′12″E / 42.83306°N 0.23667°E / 42.83306; 0.23667 (Col de Portet)
2,211 m Penserjoch / Passo di Pennes Trentino Alto Adige  Italy pass Sterzing/Vipiteno and Bolzano
2,208 m Col des Tentes Pyrenees  France dead end Luz-Saint-Sauveur, via Gèdre A narrow paved road continues 800 m (to c. 2,180 m) towards Port de Boucharo (c. 2,270 m) but a becomes then a gravel road, and later a path (which is blocked with stones). 42°42′49″N 0°3′4″E / 42.71361°N 0.05111°E / 42.71361; 0.05111
2,208 m Passo d'Eira Livigno Range  Italy pass Livigno and Trepalle A modest elevation between Livigno and Trepalle
2,205 m Cim de Coma Morera Pyrenees  France dead end Ossèja
2,205 m Lac du Vieux Émosson Alps   Switzerland dead end Finhaut, via Lac d'Émosson Public access to Émosson dam (1965m), restricted access to Vieux Émosson dam 46°03′47″N 06°53′56″E / 46.06306°N 6.89889°E / 46.06306; 6.89889 (Vieux Emosson)
2,205 m Täschalp Alps   Switzerland dead end Visp, via Täsch 46°03′30″N 07°48′45″E / 46.05833°N 7.81250°E / 46.05833; 7.81250 (Täschalp)
2,203 m Mattmarksee Valais Alps   Switzerland dead end Visp, via Stalden 46°03′01″N 07°57′50″E / 46.05028°N 7.96389°E / 46.05028; 7.96389 (Mattmarksee)
2,200 m Lac d'Aumar Pyrenees  France dead end Saint-Lary-Soulan Road maximum just before Lac d'Aumar (2192 m). Road continues past it, to nearby Lac d'Aubert (2,148 m).
2,192 m Passo di Valparola Dolomites  Italy pass Badia, South Tyrol and Falzarego Pass and Cortina d'Ampezzo (Belluno) On the northern side of the pass is Rifugio Passo Valparola (2,168 m). 46°31′59.88″N 11°58′59.88″E / 46.5333000°N 11.9833000°E / 46.5333000; 11.9833000 (Valparola Pass)
c. 2,190 m Embalse de Llauset
(La Presa de Llauset)
Pyrenees  Spain dead end Side road from road N-230. After Aneto the quality of the road is very bad. Last 1,4 km the road is in a dark tunnel. 42°34′22″N 0°42′46″E / 42.57279°N 0.712757°E / 42.57279; 0.712757 (Llauset)
2,188 m Col du Petit Saint-Bernard / Colle del Piccolo San Bernardo Valais Alps
Mont Blanc Massif
 France
 Italy
pass Tarentaise, (Savoie) and Aosta Valley 45°40′49″N 6°53′2″E / 45.68028°N 6.88389°E / 45.68028; 6.88389 (Little St Bernard Pass)
2,183 m Col du Petit Mont Cenis Alps  France dead end Lanslebourg Side road, starts just below/south of Col du Mont Cenis (2,081 m). Last 100 m is gravel.
2,176 m Colle delle Finestre Cottian Alps  Italy pass Susa Valley and Val Chisone Northern side (from Susa) of this road is gravel from c. 1,450 m, but it is a classic in Giro d'Italia. 45°04′18.49″N 7°03′12.48″E / 45.0718028°N 7.0534667°E / 45.0718028; 7.0534667 (Colle delle Finestre)
2,176 m Rifugio Forni
(Rifugio Ghiacciaio dei Forni)
Alps  Italy dead end Santa Caterina di Valfurva Gravel from 2139 m. 46°25′13″N 10°31′19″E / 46.42028°N 10.52194°E / 46.42028; 10.52194 (Rifugio Ghiacciaio dei Forni)
2,175 m Lac de Cap-de-Long Pyrenees  France dead end Saint-Lary-Soulan
2,173 m Croix de Coeur Alps   Switzerland pass Sembrancher, via Verbier and Riddes Both sides are nowadays paved. 46°07′18″N 07°13′57″E / 46.12167°N 7.23250°E / 46.12167; 7.23250 (Croix de Coeur)
2,168 m Tikmataji Pass Lesser Caucasus  Georgia pass Tbilisi Tsalka and Ninotsminda Akhalkalaki Baku–Tbilisi–Kars railway also goes via this pass 41°29′46″N 43°52′18″E / 41.49611°N 43.87167°E / 41.49611; 43.87167 (Tikmataji Pass)
2,165 m Grimselpass Alps   Switzerland pass Innertkirchen, Bern and Gletsch, Valais 46°33.72′N 8°20.34′E / 46.56200°N 8.33900°E / 46.56200; 8.33900 (Grimsel Pass (2165m))
2,155 m Calar Alto Sierra de los Filabres  Spain pass road A92 (below Aulago) and Gérgal/Serón/Tíjola Calar Alto Observatory
2,150 m Les Arcs 2000 Alps  France dead end Bourg-Saint-Maurice Tarentaise, (Savoie)
2,149 m Ofenpass / Pass dal Fuorn Alps   Switzerland pass Zernez, Engadin and Val Müstair 46°38.472′N 10°17.598′E / 46.641200°N 10.293300°E / 46.641200; 10.293300 (Fuorn Pass (2149m))
2,145 m Transalpina
Pasul Urdele
Carpathian Mountains  Romania pass Novaci, Romania and Sebeș Highest paved road in Romania[15]
Widening and asphalting works started in 2010, but were not yet finished (cca. 2–3 km of roadbed-only - alternating with asphalted areas -, several viaducts with only one-lane accessible and tens of unfinished ditches across the road for collection of slopes' water, which require slowing down to 5–10 km/h. It also lacks safety elements - parapets, reflective aids, road marks, road signs).
Circa 6 km north is another pass, Pasul Muntiu (c. 2,095 m).
45°20′42″N 23°39′25″E / 45.345°N 23.657°E / 45.345; 23.657 (Transalpina road, Urdele pass)
2,144 m Vallter 2000 Pyrenees  Spain dead end Camprodon 42°25′37″N 2°15′54″E / 42.42694°N 2.26500°E / 42.42694; 2.26500 (Vallter 2000)
2,141 m Grande Dixence Dam Valais Alps   Switzerland dead end Sion, via Hérémence 46°05′03″N 07°24′13″E / 46.08417°N 7.40361°E / 46.08417; 7.40361 (Le Chargeur)
2,136 m Collado de las Sabinas Sierra Nevada  Spain pass Güejar Sierra and kilometer point 33.4 of the Veleta Road
2,134 m Berghaus Nagens Alps   Switzerland dead end Laax 46°51′42″N 09°13′50″E / 46.86167°N 9.23056°E / 46.86167; 9.23056 (Berghaus Nagens)
2,133 m Passo di Gardena / Grödner Joch Dolomites  Italy pass Sëlva, Val Gardena and Corvara, South Tyrol
2,133 m Parking de Laus
(Lac d'Allos parking)
Alps  France dead end Colmars [16] From parking area it is c. 2 km hiking to Lac d'Allos. 44°14′44″N 6°41′53″E / 44.245437°N 6.698065°E / 44.245437; 6.698065 (Lac d'Allos)
2,130 m Campo Imperatore Apennines  Italy Dead End Gran Sasso and Campo Imperatore Leads to hotel used by Italian army to imprison Benito Mussolini. It is often a stage in the "Giro d'Italia" bike race[17][18][19] 42°28′N 13°33′E / 42.467°N 13.550°E / 42.467; 13.550 (Gran Sasso)
2,130 m[20] Roki Tunnel Caucasus Mountains  Georgia/ Russia pass Tskhinvali Region(Samachablo)/North Ossetia–Alania 42°36′03″N 44°06′54″E / 42.60083°N 44.11500°E / 42.60083; 44.11500 (Roki Tunnel)
2,130 m Tignes (Val Claret) Alps  France dead end Tarentaise (Savoie)
2,124 m Juf (Avers valley) Alps   Switzerland dead end Ausserferrera 46°26′45″N 09°34′45″E / 46.44583°N 9.57917°E / 46.44583; 9.57917 (Juf)
2,117 m Splügenpass / Passo della Spluga Lepontine Alps
Rhaetian Alps
 Italy
  Switzerland
pass Splügen (Graubünden) and Chiavenna (Lombardy) described by Mary Shelley 46°30.36′N 09°20.22′E / 46.50600°N 9.33700°E / 46.50600; 9.33700 (Splügen Pass)
2,115 m Col du Tourmalet Pyrenees  France pass Sainte-Marie-de-Campan and Luz-Saint-Sauveur Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France 42°54′29.50″N 0°8′42.40″E / 42.9081944°N 0.1451111°E / 42.9081944; 0.1451111 (Col du Tourmalet)
2,108 m Col de Vars Cottian Alps  France pass Saint-Paul-sur-Ubaye and Vars, Hautes-Alpes / Guillestre 44°32′20″N 6°42′10″E / 44.53889°N 6.70278°E / 44.53889; 6.70278 (Col de Vars)
2,107 m Arolla Valais Alps   Switzerland dead end Sion, via Les Haudères (canton of Valais Highest point above Arolla village (2,008 m). Or, instead of turning to Arolla village, pavement of Val d'Arolla -road ends at 2,027 m (after a pumping station). 46°01′33″N 07°28′39″E / 46.02583°N 7.47750°E / 46.02583; 7.47750 (Arolla)
2,106 m Gotthard Pass (main road) Lepontine Alps   Switzerland pass Airolo, Ticino and Göschenen, Canton of Uri 46°33′33″N 8°33′41″E / 46.559167°N 08.561389°E / 46.559167; 08.561389 (Gotthard Pass (2106m))
2,106 m Gotthard Pass (Tremola) Lepontine Alps   Switzerland pass Motto Bartola, Ticino and Brüggloch, Canton of Uri Historical road paved with granite stones 46°33′33″N 8°33′41″E / 46.559167°N 08.561389°E / 46.559167; 08.561389 (Gotthard Pass (2106m))
2,105 m Passo di Falzarego Dolomites  Italy pass Andráz and Cortina d'Ampezzo Nearby is Passo di Valparola (2,192 m) 46°31′8″N 12°0′34″E / 46.51889°N 12.00944°E / 46.51889; 12.00944 (Falzarego Pass (2105m))
2,105 m Schönheben (Skihaus) / Belpiano Eastern alps  Italy road Reschen (Reschensee) and San Valentino alla Muta Not a pass. Not a dead end (unless driven the short ramp to the ski station).
2,103 m Sella dell'Auccia Alps  Italy pass Passo del Maniva and Passo di Croce Domini Paved from Passo del Maniva (1,664 m). Unpaved (at least partly) from Passo di Croce Domini (1,892 m). Not the highest point of the road but access to slightly higher points may be unpaved. 45°51′34″N 10°22′35″E / 45.85944°N 10.37639°E / 45.85944; 10.37639 (Sella dell'Auccia (2103m))
2,102 m Lauchernalp Alps   Switzerland dead end Wiler 46°24′54″N 07°46′15″E / 46.41500°N 7.77083°E / 46.41500; 7.77083 (Lauchernalp)
2,102 m Tauernmoossee Alps  Austria dead end Uttendorf, via Enzingerboden Access road to a reservoir. After reaching the maximum (2,102 m, unnamed pass), road turns to a gravel road and descents to Tauernmoossee (2,023 m). In Enzingerboden (1,470 m), at the beginning of a side road, there may be a barrier as a roadblock.
2,100 m Cirque de Troumouse Pyrenees  France dead end Luz-Saint-Sauveur, via Gèdre
2,100 m Col du Sabot Alps  France dead end Vaujany
2,099 m Weritzalp Alps   Switzerland dead end Wiler 46°25′18″N 07°47′33″E / 46.42167°N 7.79250°E / 46.42167; 7.79250 (Weritzalp)
2,095 m Thyon Alps   Switzerland dead end Sion, via Hérémence 46°10′55″N 07°22′21″E / 46.18194°N 7.37250°E / 46.18194; 7.37250 (Thyon)
2,094 m Jaufenpass / Passo di Monte Giovo Dolomites  Italy pass Sterzing/Vipiteno and Sankt Leonhard in Passerei/San Leonardo in Passiria 46°50′24″N 11°18′27″E / 46.84°N 11.3075°E / 46.84; 11.3075 (Jaufenpass (2094m))
2,093 m la Plagne Alps  France dead end Tarentaise, (Savoie) Ski area. Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France
2,090 m Steingletscher Alps   Switzerland dead end Hotel Steingletscher Starting point on the Susten Pass road (1,863 m), end at the foot of the western Steingletscher tongue 46°42′48″N 08°24′58″E / 46.71333°N 8.41611°E / 46.71333; 8.41611 (Steingletscher)
2,089 m Col des Champs Alps  France pass Saint-Martin-d'Entraunes and Colmars
2,085 m Hochsölden Ötztal Alps  Austria dead end Sölden
2,083 m Els Cortals Pyrenees  Andorra dead end Encamp Ski area
2,081 m Col du Mont Cenis Cottian Alps
Graian Alps
 France pass Lanslebourg and Susa (Italy) Possibly used by Hannibal. Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France 45°15′37″N 6°54′03″E / 45.260278°N 6.900833°E / 45.260278; 6.900833 (Mont Cenis)
2,080 m Lac Rond & Lac Besson Alps  France dead end Le Bourg-d'Oisans Two adjoined lakes above l'Alpe d'Huez
2,080 m Martelltal / Val Martello Alps  Italy dead end Coldrano, Martell Pavement ends at a small parking place. Gravel road continues to the closed and ruined Hotel Paradiso del Cevedale (2,160 m). 46°29′11″N 10°41′03″E / 46.48639°N 10.68417°E / 46.48639; 10.68417 (Martelltal / Val Martello)
2,076 m Colle del Preit Cottian Alps  Italy pass Ponte Marmora, Piedmont Above this pass road becomes a gravel road (Maira-Stura-Kammstrasse, MSKS), which leads to Colle Valcavera (2,416 m).
2,072 m Port de la Bonaigua Pyrenees  Spain pass Vielha and Esterri d'Aneu 42°39′50″N 0°58′55″E / 42.66389°N 0.98194°E / 42.66389; 0.98194 (Port de la Bonaigua)
2,070 m[21] Coll de Pal Pyrenees  Spain dead end Access road from Bagà 42°18′14″N 1°55′20″E / 42.3039°N 1.9223°E / 42.3039; 1.9223 (Coll de Pal (2070m))
2,070 m R-285 Zelenchuksky District Caucasus Mountains  Russia dead end (to BTA-6 telescope) Arkhyz (Russia) 43°38′46″N 41°26′28″E / 43.6462°N 41.4412195°E / 43.6462; 41.4412195 (R-285)
2,068 m Mandelon Alps   Switzerland dead end Sion, via Hérémence 46°07′52″N 07°24′41″E / 46.13111°N 7.41139°E / 46.13111; 7.41139 (Mandelon)
2,067 m Col de la Croix de Fer Dauphiné Alps  France pass Le Bourg-d'Oisans and Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France 45°13′39″N 6°12′12″E / 45.2275°N 6.203333°E / 45.2275; 6.203333 (Col de la Croix de Fer (2067m))
2,065 m Passo del San Bernardino Pennine Alps   Switzerland pass Thusis (Graubünden) and Bellinzona (Ticino) 46°29′46″N 9°10′15″E / 46.496111°N 9.170833°E / 46.496111; 9.170833 (San Bernardino Pass)
2,064 m Alpe Campo Alps   Switzerland dead end Sfazù Side road from Passo del Bernina -road 46°24′05″N 10°07′07″E / 46.40139°N 10.11861°E / 46.40139; 10.11861 (Alpe Campo)
c. 2,060 m Hotel Salastrains Alps   Switzerland dead end St. Moritz Paved road continues past the Hotel Salastrains, to c. 2,060 m. Old height 2,048 means the roundabout just below. 46°29′58″N 09°49′43″E / 46.49944°N 9.82861°E / 46.49944; 9.82861 (Salastrains)
2,058 m Belmeken Dam Road Rila Mountain  Bulgaria pass Sestrimo village and Belmeken Dam Part of the 2010 WRC Rally Bulgaria. Altitude of the Belmeken Dam is about 1,930 m.
2,058 m Col du Lautaret Dauphiné Alps  France pass Le Bourg-d'Oisans and Briançon a famous climb on the Tour de France 45°02′07″N 6°24′20″E / 45.035278°N 6.405556°E / 45.035278; 6.405556 (Col du Lautaret (2058m))
2,057 m Passo di Fedaia Dolomites  Italy pass Canazei and Rocca Pietore and Marmolada a famous climb on the Giro d'Italia 46°27′12.60″N 11°53′20.40″E / 46.4535000°N 11.8890000°E / 46.4535000; 11.8890000 (Passo Fedaia)
2,055 m Mangartska cesta
(Mangart Road)
Julian Alps  Slovenia dead end (loop road) Log pod Mangrtom Highest paved climb in Slovenia. Mangart (or Mangrt) is the name of the nearby mountain (2,679 m)
2,052 m Staller Sattel / Passo di Stalle Alps  Austria
 Italy
pass Sankt Jakob in Defereggen valley, (Tyrol) and Rasen-Antholz valley, (South Tyrol) 46°53′17″N 12°12′02″E / 46.888056°N 12.200556°E / 46.888056; 12.200556 (Staller Sattel (2052m))
2,050 m Plateau de la Calme Pyrenees  France dead end Odeillo
2,050 m Saint-Véran Alps  France dead end Château-Ville-Vieille and Saint-Véran
2,049 m Eisentalhöhe (Nockalmstraße) Alps  Austria pass Innerkrems and Ebene Reichenau Nockalmstraße is a toll road (for motor vehicles). It has two passes: Eisentalhöhe (2,049 m) and Schiestelscharte (2,027 m)
2,049 m Steinigboda (cattle farm) Alps   Switzerland dead end Nufenen-Steinigboda 46°33′17″N 09°14′31″E / 46.55472°N 9.24194°E / 46.55472; 9.24194 (Steinigboda)
2,048 m Moosalp Alps   Switzerland pass Bürchen and Stalden (from Sion) 46°15′05″N 07°49′47″E / 46.25139°N 7.82972°E / 46.25139; 7.82972 (Moosalp)
2,047 m Les Fonts Alps  France dead end Cervières Circa 3 km gravel just above Cervières
2,047 m Passo Manghen Dolomites Alps  Italy pass Borgo Valsugana and Molina di Fiemme
2,044 m Oberalppass
(Cuolm d'Ursera)
Swiss Alps   Switzerland pass Disentis, Graubünden and Andermatt, Canton of Uri The Rhine springs from a source nearby (Tomasee) 46°39′32″N 8°40′16″E / 46.659°N 8.671°E / 46.659; 8.671 (Oberalp Pass)
2,042 m Transfăgărășan
Pasul Bâlea
Carpathian Mountains  Romania pass Cârțișoara, Sibiu (Transylvania) and Arefu, Argeș (Wallachia) Best Driving Road in the world (Top Gear). Long tunnel at the top. 45°36′44″N 24°36′50″E / 45.61222°N 24.61389°E / 45.61222; 24.61389
2,041 m Puerto de la Ragua Sierra Nevada  Spain pass Cherín and La Calahorra
2,040 m Marguns Alps   Switzerland dead end St. Moritz-Suvretta-Marguns 46°29′23″N 09°48′59″E / 46.48972°N 9.81639°E / 46.48972; 9.81639 (Marguns)
2,040 m Parking des Millefonts Alps  France dead end Valdeblore Side road from Col Saint-Martin -road (from c. 1,380 m)
2,040 m Puig de la Tossa Pyrenees  France dead end Mont-Louis
2,038 m Lai da Curnera Alps   Switzerland dead end Surpalits Highest point west of Lai da Curnera dam (1,958 m) 46°38′16″N 08°42′25″E / 46.63778°N 8.70694°E / 46.63778; 8.70694 (Curnera)
2,037 m Bettmeralp & Riederalp Alps   Switzerland dead end Mörel Bettmeralp and Riederalp are car-free resorts. Highest points:
- Bettmeralp cattle farm (2,037 m), located above Bettmersee (2,009 m).
- Riederalp: Located generally lower, but steep concrete road to Riederfurka hotel (c. 2,060 m).
46°23′45″N 08°03′56″E / 46.39583°N 8.06556°E / 46.39583; 8.06556 (Bettmeralp)
2,037 m La Rabassa Pyrenees  Andorra dead end Sant Julià de Lòria Recreational area (animal park etc.). Nordic skiing area in winter.
2,036 m Puerto de Escúllar
(Puerto Padilla)
Sierra de Baza  Spain pass Caniles and Abla
2,035 m Sestriere (Colle Sestriere) Cottian Alps  Italy pass Pinerolo and Cesana Torinese A starting and arrival point in the Tour de France and the Giro d'Italia.
2,032 m Bielerhöhe (Silvretta-Hochalpenstraße) Alps  Austria pass Montafon Vorarlberg) and Paznaun (Tyrol) Toll road (for motor vehicles). The original Bielerhöhe (2,021 m) has disappeared under the dam of the Silvretta Reservoir. 46°55′05″N 10°05′44″E / 46.918056°N 10.095556°E / 46.918056; 10.095556 (Bielerhöhe Pass (2032m))
2,032 m Passo di Valles Dolomites Alps  Italy pass Paneveggio and Falcade
2,031 m Estación de esquí de Boí Taüll Pyrenees  Spain dead end Barruera, via Boí and Taüll
2,027 m l'Ecot (Hameau de l'Ecot) Alps  France dead end Bonneval-sur-Arc
2,025 m Vallée de la Clarée
(Parking de Laval)
Alps  France dead end Névache This name has also been used: Chalets de Laval
2,021 m Oberläger (cattle farm) Alps   Switzerland dead end Grindelwald, via Bussalp At Oberläger there is a crossing, with a concrete-paved road to c. 2,040 m 46°39′24″N 07°59′22″E / 46.65667°N 7.98944°E / 46.65667; 7.98944 (Oberläger)
2,020 m Zillertaler Höhenstraße[22]
(Melchboden)
Alps  Austria pass / high road Hippach and either Zellberg, Aschau in Zillertal, Ried in Zillertal or Kaltenbach depending on the variant you choose Name of the highest point is Melchboden, accordind to homepage of this high road (well, name of a nearby restaurant/Alpengasthof). Also Arbiskopf seems to be used, but actually it is the name of a nearby grassy hill (2,133 m).
2,017 m Kühtaisattel Alps  Austria pass Ötz and Gries im Sellrain 47°12′58″N 11°01′49″E / 47.2161°N 11.0303°E / 47.2161; 11.0303 (Kühtai Saddle)
2,016 m Lac des Bouillouses Pyrenees  France dead end La Llagonne
2,035 m Venter Tal Ötztal Alps  Austria dead end Zwieselstein Narrow side road from Vent, maximum c. 2,035 m. From there the road descents to Rofenhöfen (2,014 m).
2,012 m Pian Geirett (Val Camadra) Alps   Switzerland dead end Campo Blenio Side road from Passo del Lucomagno -road (from c. 950 m). 46°36′16″N 08°56′04″E / 46.60444°N 8.93444°E / 46.60444; 8.93444 (Pian Geirett)
2,012 m Plan-d'Amont Dam Alps  France dead end Aussois
2,012 m Vallon du Cristillan
(Parking les Claux)
Alps  France dead end Maison du Roi, via Ceillac Asphalted road ends at a small parking place.
2,010 m Mittler Hütte Alps   Switzerland dead end Chur, via Arosa 46°47′11″N 09°39′45″E / 46.78639°N 9.66250°E / 46.78639; 9.66250 (Mittler Hütte)
2,008 m Courchevel Altiport Alps  France dead end Moûtiers Small airport, infamous for its short and steep (18 %) runway
2,006 m Cervinia / (Breuil-Cervinia) Alps  Italy dead end Châtillon-Breuil-Cervinia Italian name is Cervinia, French name is Breuil.
Several streets above 2,000 m, highest ones: Strada per Cielo Alto c. 2,170 m, Via Giomein c. 2,140 m
45°56′54″N 07°37′52″E / 45.94833°N 7.63111°E / 45.94833; 7.63111 (Breuil-Cervinia)
2,005 m Alpe di Cava (cattle farm) Alps   Switzerland dead end Malvaglia Circa 3 km gravel just below 1,500 m 46°21′35″N 09°02′01″E / 46.35972°N 9.03361°E / 46.35972; 9.03361 (Alpe di Cava)
2,005 m Simplonpass / Passo del Sempione Pennine Alps
Lepontine Alps
  Switzerland
 Italy
pass Brig, Switzerland and Domodossola, Piedmont Road E62, the highest point of the European route network in Europe. From near the pass, a paved narrow side road to Hopsche (c. 2,035 m), with a group of houses. 46°15′06″N 8°02′00″E / 46.251667°N 8.033333°E / 46.251667; 8.033333 (Simplon Pass (2005m))
2,004 m Dürrboden (Dischma valley) Alps   Switzerland dead end Davos 46°43′17″N 09°55′19″E / 46.72139°N 9.92194°E / 46.72139; 9.92194 (Dürrboden)
2,001 m Col de Pailhères Pyrenees  France pass Mijanès and Ax-les-Thermes Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France.
About the name: PORT de Pailhères is a grassy pass at c. 1,970 m (with no road to the valley on the eastern side). Paved road turns there to northeast (if coming from west), towards the nearby COL de Pailhères.
2,000 m Fideriser Heuberge
(Berghaus Arflina)
Alps   Switzerland dead end Fideris 46°51′59″N 09°43′32″E / 46.86639°N 9.72556°E / 46.86639; 9.72556 (Berghaus Arflina)


Highest motorways

Elevation Name Mountains Country Type Between Remarks Highest point
1,631 m A13 San Bernardino Tunnel Alps   Switzerland tunnel Chur-Bellinzona not a motorway, only one lane in each direction, both lanes in one tube 46°27′53″N 09°11′08″E / 46.46472°N 9.18556°E / 46.46472; 9.18556 (San Bernardino Tunnel)
1,440 m A-1 Puerto de Somosierra Central System  Spain pass Madrid-Burgos
1,395 m Mont Blanc Tunnel Alps  France
 Italy
tunnel Chamonix-Courmayeur not a motorway, only one lane in each direction, both lanes in one tube 45°51′14″N 6°54′50″E / 45.854°N 6.914°E / 45.854; 6.914 (Mont Blanc Tunnel)
1,370 m Brenner motorway Alps  Austria
 Italy
pass Innsbruck-Bolzano 47°00′12″N 11°30′27″E / 47.00333°N 11.50750°E / 47.00333; 11.50750 (Brenner)
1,340 m A10 Tauern Tunnel Alps  Austria tunnel Salzburg-Villach 47°10′55″N 13°26′19″E / 47.18194°N 13.43861°E / 47.18194; 13.43861 (Tauern)
Circa 1,340 m A-52 es:Puerto de Padornelo Galician Massif  Spain pass Verín-Benavente
1,320 m S16 Arlberg Tunnel Alps  Austria tunnel Bregenz-Innsbruck not a motorway, only one lane in each direction, both lanes in one tube 47°07′22″N 10°15′23″E / 47.12278°N 10.25639°E / 47.12278; 10.25639 (Arlberg)
Circa 1,300 m AP-6 es:Túnel de carretera de Guadarrama Central System  Spain tunnel Collado Villalba and Villacastín
1,297 m Frejus Tunnel Alps  France
 Italy
tunnel Modane-Bardonecchia not a motorway, only one lane in each direction, both lanes in one tube
Circa 1,250 m AP-61 Central System  Spain Segovia and San Rafael
1,229 m[23] AP-66 Negrón Tunnel Cantabrian Mountains  Spain tunnel Campomanes and León
1,222 m A-6 Puerto de Manzanal Galician Massif  Spain pass Astorga-Ponferrada
Circa 1,200 m AP-51 Central System  Spain Ávila and Villacastín
1,175 m A2 Gotthard Tunnel Alps   Switzerland tunnel Altdorf-Airolo not a motorway, only one lane in each direction, both lanes in one tube 46°31′40″N 08°36′01″E / 46.52778°N 8.60028°E / 46.52778; 8.60028 (Gotthard Tunnel)
1,121 m A75 fr:Col des Issartets Massif Central  France pass Saint-Flour and Massiac Highest motorway pass in France
1,070 m A24 near Vila Pouca de Aguiar Serra do Marão  Portugal Vila Pouca de Aguiar and Vila Real, Portugal Highest motorway in Portugal
1,060 m A2 Kalcherkogeltunnel (near Pack Saddle) Lavanttaler Alps  Austria tunnel Klagenfurt-Graz
1,050 m J20 Vue des Alpes Tunnel Jura Mountains   Switzerland tunnel Neuchâtel-La Chaux-de-Fonds not a motorway, only one lane in each direction, both lanes in one tube 47°05′03″N 06°51′55″E / 47.08417°N 6.86528°E / 47.08417; 6.86528 (Vue des Alpes Tunnel)

See also

References

  1. ^ "Europe's highest mountain road". Bicycling Mountain Roads and Passes. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  2. ^ The Veleta road is the A-395 road.
  3. ^ "Pico Veleta". Personal web page with photos. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  4. ^ Rite, J.B.; Baeza, M.; Cerván, M. "IRAM por Haza Llana". Altimetrías. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
  5. ^ "Ötztaler Gletscherstraße (2812 m)" (in German). Quaeldich. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  6. ^ "Tag 4: Von einem Gletscher zum anderen" (in German). Alpen-biken. 20 July 2003. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  7. ^ "Mölltaler Gletscherstrasse/Hochwurtenspeicher and Grosse Oscheniksee". Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  8. ^ "Zirknitztal/Großsee". Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  9. ^ Бориславов, Веселин (2011-07-17). "Насладата "Калин"". Труд (in Bulgarian). Retrieved 18 January 2016. [permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "Язовир Карагьол, едно от най-красивите кътчета в Рила". Новинар (in Bulgarian). 2013-09-07. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  11. ^ "Rutes Ciclistes d'Andorra - Ruta 9, Erts-Port de Cabús" (PDF). Andorra. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  12. ^ "La Bola del Mundo - Collado Villalba". climbbybike. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  13. ^ The road is paved, but with rough cement rather than smoother asphalt and is not open to regular road traffic.
  14. ^ "Col du Sanetsch (VS) - Savièse". geo.admin.ch. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  15. ^ "Romania, short (but beautiful) off-road trip". Adventure Rider. 9 October 2013. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  16. ^ "Lac d'Allos - Colmars". climbbybike. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  17. ^ Gran Sasso raid
  18. ^ http://www.senzafreni.com/mkportal/modules/coppermine/albums/Passi-SFrenizzati/Campo_Imperatore.JPG
  19. ^ http://www.cyclingfever.com/stage.html?etappe_idd=NzYzMg==
  20. ^ Approximation. Retrieved from Google Earth 12 May 2014.
  21. ^ Coll de Pal[circular reference]
  22. ^ "Zillertaler Höhenstrassen". Retrieved 12 February 2015. [permanent dead link]
  23. ^ "Túneles". Archived from the original on 9 March 2008. Retrieved 27 November 2014.

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