List of oldest living state leaders

This article lists the 100 oldest living current or former state leaders whose age can be demonstrated beyond reasonable doubt. State leaders are defined to include heads of state (including representatives who act in their stead, generally a governor-general), heads of government and internationally recognized de facto leaders[α] of sovereign states with significant international recognition. Leaders are not included if no reliable secondary sources have confirmed that the leader is alive within the last 10 years. The oldest living former state leader is Mustafa Ben Halim of the Kingdom of Libya at the age of 100 years, 306 days. Leaders currently in office are in bold on purple, with Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom[β] being the oldest currently serving head of state.

Gallery

List

     Currently in office

No. Name State Position Birth Age Living as of
1 Mustafa Ben Halim  Libya Prime Minister (1954–1957) 29 January 1921 100 years, 306 days 2020-05-11[2]
2 Francisco Morales-Bermúdez  Peru Prime Minister (1975)
President (1975–1980)
4 October 1921 100 years, 58 days 2021-10-02[3]
3 Luis Echeverría  Mexico President (1970–1976) 17 January 1922 99 years, 318 days 2021-04-16[4]
4 Khamtai Siphandone  Laos Prime Minister (1991–1998)
Chairman of the People's Revolutionary Party (1992–2006)
President (1998–2006)
8 February 1924 97 years, 296 days 2020-12-02[5]
5 Tomiichi Murayama  Japan Prime Minister (1994–1996) 3 March 1924 97 years, 273 days 2021-07-11[6]
6 Jimmy Carter  United States President (1977–1981) 1 October 1924 97 years, 61 days 2021-10-01[7]
7 Lubomír Štrougal  Czechoslovakia Prime Minister (1970–1988) 19 October 1924 97 years, 43 days 2020-09-24[8]
8 Guillermo Rodriguez  Ecuador President (1972–1976) 4 November 1924 97 years, 27 days 2020-02-27[9]
9 Ali Hassan Mwinyi  Tanzania President (1985–1995)
National Chairman of the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (1990–1992)
8 May 1925 96 years, 207 days 2021-05-09[10]
10 Giorgio Napolitano  Italy President (2006–2015) 29 June 1925 96 years, 155 days 2021-03-04[11]
11 Mahathir Mohamad  Malaysia Prime Minister (1981–2003; 2018–2020) 10 July 1925 96 years, 144 days 2021-11-05[12]
12 Yang Hyong-sop  North Korea Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly (1994–1998) 1 October 1925 96 years, 61 days 2021-01-11[13]
13 Arnaldo Forlani  Italy Prime Minister (1980–1981) 8 December 1925 95 years, 358 days 2020-12-08[14]
14 Abdelsalam al-Majali  Jordan Prime Minister (1993–1995; 1997–1998) 18 February 1926 95 years, 286 days 2021-02-03[15]
15 Elizabeth II  United Kingdom Queen (1952–present)[β] 21 April 1926 95 years, 224 days 2021-11-06[16]
16 Abdoulaye Wade  Senegal President (2000–2012) 29 May 1926 95 years, 186 days 2021-10-06[17]
17 Jiang Zemin  China General Secretary of the Communist Party (1989–2002)
President (1993–2003)
17 August 1926 95 years, 106 days 2021-08-17[18]
18 Valdas Adamkus  Lithuania President (1998–2003; 2004–2009) 3 November 1926 95 years, 28 days 2021-11-03[19]
19 Raif Dizdarević  Yugoslavia President of the Presidency (1988–1989) 9 December 1926 94 years, 357 days 2021-03-26[20]
20 Thanin Kraivichien  Thailand Prime Minister (1976–1977) 5 April 1927 94 years, 240 days 2020-12-05[21]
21 Benedict XVI   Vatican City Pope and Sovereign (2005–2013) 16 April 1927 94 years, 229 days 2021-10-21[22]
22 Hans Modrow  East Germany Chairman of the Council of Ministers (1989–1990) 27 January 1928 93 years, 308 days 2021-08-01[23]
23 Ciriaco De Mita  Italy Prime Minister (1988–1989) 2 February 1928 93 years, 302 days 2021-11-06[24]
24 Kim Yong-nam  North Korea Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly (1998–2019) 4 February 1928 93 years, 300 days 2021-01-11[25]
25 Fidel Ramos  Philippines President (1992–1998) 18 March 1928 93 years, 258 days 2021-06-25[26]
26 Arnold Rüütel  Estonia Chairman of the Supreme Council (1991–1992)
President (2001–2006)
10 May 1928 93 years, 205 days 2021-08-21[27]
27 Arthur Foulkes  Bahamas Governor-General (2010–2014) 11 May 1928 93 years, 204 days 2021-02-24[28]
28 Balakh Sher Mazari  Pakistan Acting Prime Minister (1993) 8 July 1928 93 years, 146 days 2019-04-25[29]
29 Péter Boross  Hungary Prime Minister (1993–1994) 27 August 1928 93 years, 96 days 2020-10-26[30]
30 Kåre Willoch  Norway Prime Minister (1981–1986) 3 October 1928 93 years, 59 days 2020-10-03[31]
31 Zhu Rongji  China Premier of the State Council (1998–2003) 23 October 1928 93 years, 39 days 2020-10-24[32]
32 Christos Sartzetakis  Greece President (1985–1990) 6 April 1929 92 years, 239 days 2020-05-18[33]
33 Édouard Balladur  France Prime Minister (1993–1995) 2 May 1929 92 years, 213 days 2020-10-24[34]
34 Sam Nujoma  Namibia President (1990–2005) 12 May 1929 92 years, 203 days 2021-10-18[35]
35 Otar Patsatsia  Georgia Prime Minister (1993–1995) 15 May 1929 92 years, 200 days 2019-05-15[36]
36 Karolos Papoulias  Greece President (2005–2015) 4 June 1929 92 years, 180 days 2021-08-04[37]
37 Orville Turnquest  Bahamas Governor-General (1995–2001) 19 July 1929 92 years, 135 days 2021-02-21[38]
38 Jamshid bin Abdullah  Zanzibar Sultan (1963–1964) 16 September 1929 92 years, 76 days 2020-09-16[39]
39 Nikolai Ryzhkov  Soviet Union Chairman of the Council of Ministers (1985–1991) 28 September 1929 92 years, 64 days 2021-09-28[40]
40 Violeta Chamorro  Nicaragua Member of the Junta of National Reconstruction (1979–1980)
President (1990–1997)
18 October 1929 92 years, 44 days 2021-10-30[41]
41 Muhammad Rafiq Tarar  Pakistan President (1998–2001) 2 November 1929 92 years, 29 days 2020-08-10[42]
42 Gombojavyn Ochirbat  Mongolia General Secretary of the People's Revolutionary Party (1990) 15 November 1929 92 years, 16 days 2019-11-26[43]
43 Alfred Moisiu  Albania President (2002–2007) 1 December 1929 92 years, 0 days 2021-02-21[44]
44 Selim Hoss  Lebanon President of the Council of Ministers (1976–1980; 1987–1990; 1998–2000)
Acting President (1988–1989; 1989)
20 December 1929 91 years, 346 days 2020-11-17[45]
Lee Hyun-jae  South Korea Prime Minister (1988) 2021-10-28[46]
Milan Panić  Yugoslavia Federal Prime Minister (1992–1993) 2020-10-28[47]
47 Efraín Goldenberg  Peru Prime Minister (1994–1995) 28 December 1929 91 years, 338 days 2018-03-02[48]
48 Ahmed Osman  Morocco Prime Minister (1972–1979) 3 January 1930 91 years, 332 days 2020-06-02[49]
49 Shahabuddin Ahmed  Bangladesh Acting President (1990–1991)
President (1996–2001)
1 February 1930 91 years, 303 days 2021-02-01[50]
50 Ion Iliescu  Romania Chairman of the National Salvation Front Council (1989–1990)
President of the Provisional National Unity Council (1990)
President (1990–1996; 2000–2004)
3 March 1930 91 years, 273 days 2021-09-29[51]
51 Vigdís Finnbogadóttir  Iceland President (1980–1996) 15 April 1930 91 years, 230 days 2021-10-01[52]
52 José Sarney  Brazil President (1985–1990) 24 April 1930 91 years, 221 days 2021-06-25[53]
53 Kesang Choden  Bhutan Regent (1972) 21 May 1930 91 years, 194 days 2020-05-20[54]
54 Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada  Bolivia President (1993–1997; 2002–2003) 1 July 1930 91 years, 153 days 2021-04-08[55]
55 Albert Ndele  Congo-Léopoldville Chairman of the College of Commissioners-General (1960) 15 August 1930 91 years, 108 days 2021-06-07[56]
56 Ivy Dumont  Bahamas Acting Governor-General (2001–2002)
Governor-General (2002–2005)
2 October 1930 91 years, 60 days 2021-03-08[57]
57 Ivan Silayev  Soviet Union Chairman of the Inter-republican Economic Committee (1991)[γ] 21 October 1930 91 years, 41 days 2020-11-20[58]
58 Mabandla Dlamini  Swaziland Prime Minister (1979–1983) 11 November 1930 91 years, 20 days 2019-02-09[59]
59 Choe Yong-rim  North Korea Premier (2010–2013) 20 November 1930 91 years, 11 days 2021-07-27[60]
60 Cesar Virata  Philippines Prime Minister (1981–1986) 12 December 1930 90 years, 354 days 2020-04-15[61]
61 Toshiki Kaifu  Japan Prime Minister (1989–1991) 2 January 1931 90 years, 333 days 2020-07-07[62]
62 William Deane  Australia Governor-General (1996–2001) 4 January 1931 90 years, 331 days 2019-02-09[63]
Cleopa Msuya  Tanzania Prime Minister (1980–1983; 1994–1995) 2021-04-21[64]
64 Philip Greaves  Barbados Acting Governor-General (2017–2018) 19 January 1931 90 years, 316 days 2021-07-29[65]
65 Dries van Agt  Netherlands Prime Minister (1977–1982) 2 February 1931 90 years, 302 days 2021-06-21[66]
66 Isabel Martínez de Perón  Argentina President (1974–1976) 4 February 1931 90 years, 300 days 2021-01-30[67]
67 Lamberto Dini  Italy Prime Minister (1995–1996) 1 March 1931 90 years, 275 days 2021-11-07[68]
68 Mikhail Gorbachev  Soviet Union General Secretary of the Communist Party (1985–1991)
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (1988–1989)
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet (1989–1990)
President (1990–1991)
2 March 1931 90 years, 274 days 2021-08-17[69]
69 Elliott Belgrave  Barbados Acting Governor-General (2011–2012)
Governor-General (2012–2017)
16 March 1931 90 years, 260 days 2018-03-16[70]
70 Jean-Jacques Honorat  Haiti Prime Minister (1991–1992) 1 April 1931 90 years, 244 days 2021-11-13[71]
71 Giorgos Vassiliou  Cyprus President (1988–1993) 20 May 1931 90 years, 195 days 2020-11-15[72]
72 Raúl Castro  Cuba President of the Council of State (2006–2018)
President of the Council of Ministers (2006–2018)
First Secretary of the Communist Party (2011–2021)
3 June 1931 90 years, 181 days 2021-10-14[73]
73 Fernando Henrique Cardoso  Brazil President (1995–2002) 18 June 1931 90 years, 166 days 2021-11-08[74]
74 Khieu Samphan  Kampuchea Acting Prime Minister (1976)
Chairman of the State Presidium (1976–1979)
28 July 1931 90 years, 126 days 2021-07-28[75]
75 Paulias Matane  Papua New Guinea Governor-General (2004–2010) 21 September 1931 90 years, 71 days 2021-09-21[76]
76 Pié Masumbuko  Burundi Acting Prime Minister (1965) 29 September 1931 90 years, 63 days 2019-05-18[77]
77 Michael Hardie Boys  New Zealand Governor-General (1996–2001) 6 October 1931 90 years, 56 days 2012-07-14[78]
78 Mwai Kibaki  Kenya President (2002–2013) 15 November 1931 90 years, 16 days 2021-11-15[79]
79 Muhammad Jamiruddin Sircar  Bangladesh Acting President (2002) 1 December 1931 90 years, 0 days 2021-02-08[80]
80 Javier Valle Riestra  Peru Prime Minister (1998) 5 January 1932 89 years, 330 days 2021-10-05[81]
81 Carlyle Glean  Grenada Governor-General (2008–2013) 11 February 1932 89 years, 293 days 2017-11-01[82]
82 Edmund Lawrence  Saint Kitts and Nevis Governor-General (2013–2015) 14 February 1932 89 years, 290 days 2019-07-11[83]
83 Tang Fei  Taiwan President of the Executive Yuan (2000) 15 March 1932 89 years, 261 days 2021-01-17[84]
84 Chavalit Yongchaiyudh  Thailand Prime Minister (1996–1997) 15 May 1932 89 years, 200 days 2020-11-03[85]
85 Marguerite Pindling  Bahamas Governor-General (2014–2019) 26 June 1932 89 years, 158 days 2021-03-02[86]
86 Anand Panyarachun  Thailand Prime Minister (1991–1992; 1992) 9 August 1932 89 years, 114 days 2020-11-03[85]
87 Sirikit Regent (1956) 12 August 1932 89 years, 111 days 2021-08-12[87]
88 Gavril Dejeu  Romania Acting Prime Minister (1998) 11 September 1932 89 years, 81 days 2020-12-11[88]
89 Manmohan Singh  India Prime Minister (2004–2014) 26 September 1932 89 years, 66 days 2021-10-13[89]
90 Vytautas Landsbergis  Lithuania Chairman of the Supreme Council (1991–1992) 18 October 1932 89 years, 44 days 2021-10-01[90]
91 Vitold Fokin  Ukraine Prime Minister (1991–1992) 25 October 1932 89 years, 37 days 2020-08-18[91]
92 A. Q. M. Badruddoza Chowdhury  Bangladesh President (2001–2002) 1 November 1932 89 years, 30 days 2020-08-14[92]
93 Ugo Mifsud Bonnici  Malta President (1994–1999) 8 November 1932 89 years, 23 days 2021-06-10[93]
94 Colville Young  Belize Governor-General (1993–2021) 20 November 1932 89 years, 11 days 2021-05-01[94]
Kim Suk-soo  South Korea Prime Minister (2002–2003) 2021-11-17[95]
96 Bill Hayden  Australia Governor-General (1989–1996) 23 January 1933 88 years, 312 days 2019-05-10[96]
97 Paul Biya  Cameroon Prime Minister (1975–1982)
President (1982–present)
13 February 1933 88 years, 291 days 2021-11-06[97]
98 Mark Eyskens  Belgium Prime Minister (1981) 29 April 1933 88 years, 216 days 2021-01-15[98]
99 H. D. Deve Gowda  India Prime Minister (1996–1997) 18 May 1933 88 years, 197 days 2021-11-07[99]
100 Basdeo Panday  Trinidad and Tobago Prime Minister (1995–2001) 25 May 1933 88 years, 190 days 2021-05-25[100]

Addendum

Uncertain date of birth

Name State Position Birth Age Living as of
The following individuals might be older than #100–80 on this list, but their exact date of birth is uncertain.
Abdul Rauf al-Kasm  Syria Prime Minister (1980–1987) 1932 88 years, 335 days to
89 years, 334 days
2020-01-29[101]
Than Shwe  Myanmar Head of State (1992–2011)
Prime Minister (1992–2003)
Chairman of the Union Solidarity and Development Association (1993–2011)
2 February 1933 or
3 May 1935
88 years, 302 days or
86 years, 212 days
2021-08-13[102]

Unclear status as state leaders

Name State Position Birth Age Living as of
The following individuals are older than #99–1 on this list, but their status as a state leader is unclear.[δ]
Josip Manolić  Croatia Prime Minister (1990–1991) 22 March 1920 101 years, 254 days 2021-08-26[103]
César Yanes Urías  El Salvador Member of the Junta of Government (1960–1961) 24 April 1920 101 years, 221 days 2018-10-11[104]
Kim Yong-ju  North Korea Vice president during vacancy (1994–1998) 21 September 1920 101 years, 71 days 2018-05-23[105]
Mohammad Hasan Sharq  Afghanistan Chairman of the Council of Ministers (1988–1989) 17 July 1925 96 years, 137 days 2016-08-30[106]
Angelo Sodano   Vatican City Cardinal Secretary of State (1991–2006)
Dean of the College of Cardinals during vacancy (2013)
23 November 1927 94 years, 8 days 2020-09-23[107]
Nicola Mancino  Italy President of the Senate acting as head of state (1999) 15 October 1931 90 years, 47 days 2021-10-15[108]
Anatoly Malofeyev  Belarus First Secretary of the Communist Party (1991)[ε] 14 May 1933 88 years, 201 days 2018-08-10[109]

See also

Copyright