List of shoguns

This article is a list of shoguns that ruled Japan intermittently, as hereditary military commanders,[1] from the establishment of the Asuka period in 709 until the end of the Tokugawa shogunate in 1868.

Asuka period / Heian period (709–1184)

Note: there are different shogun titles. For example Kose no Maro had the title of Mutsu Chintō Shōgun (陸奥鎮東将軍, lit. "Great General of Subduing Mutsu"). Ki no Kosami had the title of Seitō Taishōgun (征東大将軍, lit. "Commander-in-chief for the pacification of the East") [2] in 789 which is less important than Sei-i Taishōgun. Ōtomo no Otomaro was the first person who was granted the title of Seii Taishōgun (征夷大将軍, lit. "Great appeasing general of the barbarians").

No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Shogun from Shogun until
1 Kose no Maro.jpg Kose no Maro
709 709
2 Imperial Seal of Japan.svg Tajihi no Agatamori
720 721
3 Sanjūrokkasen-gaku - 5 - Kanō Tan’yū - Chūnagon Yakamochi.jpg Ōtomo no Yakamochi
(c. 718–785)
784 785
4 Imperial Seal of Japan.svg Ki no Kosami
788 789
5 Imperial Seal of Japan.svg Ōtomo no Otomaro
(731–809)
793 794
6 Sakanoue Tamuramaro.jpg Sakanoue no Tamuramaro
(758–811)
797 808
7 Fun'ya no Watamaro.jpg Funya no Watamaro
(765–823)
811 816
8 藤原忠文.jpg Fujiwara no Tadabumi
(873–947)
940 940
9 Minamoto no Yoshinaka.jpg Minamoto no Yoshinaka
(1154–1184)
1184 1184

Kamakura shogunate (1192–1333)

No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Shogun from Shogun until
1 Minamoto no Yoritomo.jpg Minamoto no Yoritomo
(1147–1199)
1192 1199
2 Minamoto no Yoriie.jpg Minamoto no Yoriie
(1182–1204)
1202 1203
3 Minamoto no Sanetomo.jpg Minamoto no Sanetomo
(1192–1219)
1203 1219
4 Kujō Yoritsune.jpg Kujō Yoritsune
(1218–1256)
1226 1244
5 Sasa Rindo.svg Kujō Yoritsugu
(1239–1256)
1244 1252
6 Sasa Rindo.svg Prince Munetaka
(1242–1274)
1252 1266
7 Sasa Rindo.svg Prince Koreyasu
(1264–1326)
1266 1289
8 Sasa Rindo.svg Prince Hisaaki
(1276–1328)
1289 1308
9 Sasa Rindo.svg Prince Morikuni
(1301–1333)
1308 1333

Kenmu Restoration (1333–1336)

No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Shogun from Shogun until
1 Kamakura-gu Treasure.jpg Prince Moriyoshi
(1308–1335)
1333 1333
2 Imperial Seal of Japan.svg Prince Narinaga
(1326 – c. 1337–44)
1335 1336

Ashikaga shogunate (1336–1573)

No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Shogun from Shogun until
1 Ashikaga Takauji.JPG Ashikaga Takauji
(1305–1358)
1338 1358
2 Ashikaga Yoshiakira.jpg Ashikaga Yoshiakira
(1330–1367)
1359 1367
3 Yoshimitsu Ashikaga cropped.jpg Ashikaga Yoshimitsu
(1358–1408)
1369 de jure
1395
de facto
1408
4 Ashikaga Yoshimochi.jpg Ashikaga Yoshimochi
(1386–1428)
1395 de jure
1423
de facto
1428
5 Ashikaga mon.svg Ashikaga Yoshikazu
(1407–1425)
1423 1425
6 Ashikaga Yoshinori.jpg Ashikaga Yoshinori
(1394–1441)
1429 1441
7 Ashikaga Yoshikatsu statue.jpg Ashikaga Yoshikatsu
(1434–1443)
1442 1443
8 Ashikaga Yoshimasa detail.jpg Ashikaga Yoshimasa
(1436–1490)
1449 de jure
1474
de facto
1490
9 Ashikaga Yoshihisa.jpg Ashikaga Yoshihisa
(1465–1489)
1474 1489
10 Ashikaga Yoshitane statue.jpg Ashikaga Yoshitane
(1466–1523)
1490 1493
11 Ashikaga Yoshizumi statue.jpg Ashikaga Yoshizumi
(1481–1511)
1495 1508
12 Ashikaga Yoshitane statue.jpg Ashikaga Yoshitane
(1466–1523)
1508 1522
13 足利義晴.jpg Ashikaga Yoshiharu
(1511–1550)
1522 de jure
1547
de facto
1550
14 Ashikaga Yoshiteru.jpg Ashikaga Yoshiteru
(1536–1565)
1547 1565
15 Ashikaga mon.svg Ashikaga Yoshihide
(1538–1568)
1568 1568
16 Yoshiaki.jpg Ashikaga Yoshiaki
(1537–1597)
1568 deposed
1573
abdicated
1588

Azuchi–Momoyama period (1568–1600)

The following were military dictators of Japan, de facto shoguns[citation needed] from 1568 to 1598. They unified the country, which at the start were a chaotic patchwork of warring clans.

No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
de facto
shogun from
de facto
shogun until
1 Odanobunaga.jpg Oda Nobunaga
(1535–1582)
1568 de jure
1575
de facto
1582
2 Oda Nobutada3.jpg Oda Nobutada
(1557–1582)
1575 1582
3 Odahidenobu.jpg Oda Hidenobu
(1580–1605)
1582 1583
1 Toyotomi hideyoshi.jpg Toyotomi Hideyoshi
(1537–1598)
1585 de jure
1592
de facto
1598
2 Toyotomi Hidetsugu.jpg Toyotomi Hidetsugu
(1568–1595)
1592 1595
3 Hideyori Toyotomi.jpg Toyotomi Hideyori
(1593–1615)
1598 de jure
1603

From 1598 to 1600, the de facto shogunate was delegated to the Council of Five Elders.

Tokugawa shogunate (1600–1868)

No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Shogun from Shogun until
1 Tokugawa Ieyasu2.JPG Tokugawa Ieyasu
(1543–1616)
de facto
1600

de jure
1603
de jure
1605
de facto
1616
2 Hidetada2.jpg Tokugawa Hidetada
(1579–1632)
1605 de jure
1623
de facto
1632
3 Iemitu.jpg Tokugawa Iemitsu
(1604–1651)
1623 1651
4 Tokugawa Ietsuna.jpg Tokugawa Ietsuna
(1641–1680)
1651 1680
5 Tsunyaoshi.jpg Tokugawa Tsunayoshi
(1646–1709)
1680 1709
6 Tokugawa Ienobu.jpg Tokugawa Ienobu
(1662–1712)
1709 1712
7 Tokugawa ietsugu.jpg Tokugawa Ietsugu
(1709–1716)
1713 1716
8 Tokugawa Yoshimune.jpg Tokugawa Yoshimune
(1684–1751)
1716 de jure
1745
de facto
1751
9 Tokugawa Ieshige.jpg Tokugawa Ieshige
(1712–1761)
1745 de jure
1760
de facto
1761
10 Tokugawa Ieharu.jpg Tokugawa Ieharu
(1737–1786)
1760 1786
11 Tokugawa Ienari.jpg Tokugawa Ienari
(1773–1841)
1787 de jure
1837
de facto
1841
12 Tokugawa Ieyoshi.JPG Tokugawa Ieyoshi
(1793–1853)
1837 1853
13 Tokugawa Iesada.jpg Tokugawa Iesada
(1824–1858)
1853 1858
14 Toku14-2.jpg Tokugawa Iemochi
(1846–1866)
1858 1866
15 Tokugawa yoshinobu.jpg Tokugawa Yoshinobu
(1837–1913)
1867 1868

Post-bakufu heads of the Tokugawa clan (1868–present)

In 1882, the head of the Tokugawa clan was given the title of Prince (kōshaku) under the kazoku peerage system and permitted to sit in the House of Peers of the Imperial Diet. Two of them served as President of that body.

No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Head from Head until
1 Portrait of Prince Tokugawa Iesato as President of the House of Peers.jpg Tokugawa Iesato
(1863–1940)[a]
1868 1940
2 Tokugawa Iemasa.JPG Tokugawa Iemasa
(1884–1963)[b]
1940 1963
3 Tokugawa family crest.svg Tokugawa Tsunenari
(born 1940)
1963 Incumbent

Supreme Commanders for the Allied Powers

The Supreme Commanders were informally known as Gaijin Shōgun (外人将軍) during their tenure.[3]

No. Portrait Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch President of the United States
1
Douglas MacArthur
MacArthur, DouglasGeneral
Douglas MacArthur
(1880–1964)
15 August 1945[c] 11 April 1951[d] 5 years, 239 days  United States Army Harry S. Truman
2
Matthew Ridgway
Ridgway, MatthewGeneral
Matthew Ridgway
(1895–1993)
11 April 1951 12 May 1952[e] 1 year, 31 days  United States Army Harry S. Truman

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