List of tropical cyclone records

This is a condensed list of worldwide tropical cyclone records set by different storms and seasons.[1]

Major records

Characteristic Record Date Location Ref(s)
Highest overall rainfall 6,083 mm (239.5 in) January 14 – 28, 1980 Cyclone Hyacinthe in Reunion Island [2]
Highest storm surge 14.5 m (47.6 ft) March 5, 1899 Cyclone Mahina in Bathurst Bay, Queensland, Australia [3]
Highest confirmed wave heightα 30 m (98.4 ft) September 11, 1995 Hurricane Luis on Queen Elizabeth 2 in the north Atlantic Ocean [4]
Costliest tropical cyclone $125 billion (2017 USD) in damages August 29, 2005
August 25, 2017
Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Harvey in the northern Gulf Coast of the United States [5]
Costliest tropical cyclone season ≥$282.27 billion (2017 USD) in damages during the 2017 Atlantic hurricane season April 19 – November 9, 2017 North Atlantic Ocean [6]
Deadliest tropical cyclone c. 500,000+ fatalities November 12, 1970 Bhola cyclone in East Pakistan [7][8]
Deadliest tropical cyclone season c. 500,805+ fatalities during the 1970 North Indian Ocean cyclone season May 2 – November 29, 1970 North Indian Ocean [citation needed]
Most tornadoes spawned 120 confirmed tornadoes September 15 – 18, 2004 Hurricane Ivan in the southern and eastern United States [9]
Highest wind gusts 113.3 m/s (255 mph; 220 kn; 410 km/h) April 10, 1996 Cyclone Olivia in Barrow Island, Western Australia [10]
Highest Accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) index for a tropical cyclone 82 August 20 – September 7, 2006 Hurricane/Typhoon Ioke in the northeast and northwest Pacific Ocean [11]
Highest Accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) index for a season 600 (estimated) during the 1965 Pacific typhoon season January 16 – December 21, 1965 Northwest Pacific Ocean [12]
Most intense
(1-minute maximum sustained surface winds)
96.2 m/s (215 mph; 185 kn; 345 km/h) October 23, 2015 Hurricane Patricia in the northeast Pacific Ocean [13]
Most intense
(10-minute maximum sustained winds)
78.2 m/s (175 mph; 150 kn; 280 km/h) February 20, 2016 Cyclone Winston in the south Pacific Ocean [14]
Most intense
(lowest central pressure)
870 mb (870.0 hPa; 25.7 inHg) October 12, 1979 Typhoon Tip in the northwest Pacific Ocean [15][16]
Most intense at landfall
(1-minute maximum sustained winds)
86 m/s (190 mph; 165 kn; 310 km/h) November 7, 2013
September 13, 2016
Typhoon Haiyan in Samar, Philippines
Typhoon Meranti in Itbayat, Philippines
[17]
Most intense at landfall
(10-minute maximum sustained winds)
78.2 m/s (175 mph; 150 kn; 280 km/h) February 20, 2016 Cyclone Winston in Viti Levu, Fiji. [14]
Most intense at landfall
(pressure)
884 mb (884.0 hPa; 26.1 inHg) February 20, 2016 Cyclone Winston in Viti Levu, Fiji. [14]
Longest lasting tropical cyclone 31 days August 11 – September 10, 1994 Hurricane/Typhoon John in the northeast and northwest Pacific Ocean [18][19]
Longest distance traveled by tropical cyclone 11,530 km (7,165 mi) August 11 – September 10, 1994 Hurricane/Typhoon John in the northeast and northwest Pacific Ocean [19]
Longest lasting Category 4 or 5 winds 8.25 consecutive days August 24 – September 2, 2006 Hurricane/Typhoon Ioke in the northeast and northwest Pacific Ocean [20]
Longest lasting Category 5 windsβ 5.50 consecutive days September 9 – 14, 1961 Typhoon Nancy in the northwest Pacific Ocean [21]
Largest tropical cyclone
(radius of winds from center)
Gale winds 17.5 m/s (40 mph; 35 kn; 65 km/h) extending 1,575 km (979 mi) from center August 12 – 13, 1997 Typhoon Winnie in the northwest Pacific Ocean [22]
Smallest tropical cyclone
(radius of winds from center)
Gale winds 17.5 m/s (40 mph; 35 kn; 65 km/h) extending 18.5 km (11.5 mi) from center October 7, 2008 Tropical Storm Marco in Bay of Campeche [23]
Largest eye
370 km (230 mi) August 20, 1960
August 17, 1997
Typhoon Carmen and Typhoon Winnie in the northwest Pacific Ocean [24][25]
Smallest eye
3.7 km (2.3 mi) October 19, 2005 Hurricane Wilma in the Caribbean Sea [26]
Fastest intensification
(1-minute sustained surface winds)
54 m/s (120 mph; 105 kn; 195 km/h), from 38 m/s (85 mph; 75 kn; 135 km/h) to 91.6 m/s (205 mph; 180 kn; 330 km/h) in under 24 h October 22 – 23, 2015 Hurricane Patricia in the northeast Pacific Ocean [13]
Fastest intensification
(pressure)
100 mb (100 hPa), from 976 mb (976.0 hPa; 28.8 inHg) to 876 mb (876.0 hPa; 25.9 inHg) in under 24 h September 22 – 23, 1983 Typhoon Forrest in the northwest Pacific Ocean [27][28]
Fastest seafloor current produced by a tropical cyclone 2.25 m/s (5 mph; 5 kn; 10 km/h) September 16, 2004 Hurricane Ivan in the north Atlantic Ocean [29][30]
Fastest updraft produced in a tropical cyclone 27.4 m/s (60 mph; 55 kn; 100 km/h) October 23, 2015 Hurricane Patricia in the northeast Pacific Ocean [31]
Highest forward speed 31.18 m/s (70 mph; 60 kn; 110 km/h) September 15, 1961 Tropical Storm Six in the north Atlantic Ocean [32]
Closest proximity to the equator 1.4° N December 26, 2001 Tropical Storm Vamei in the South China Sea [33]
Heaviest natural object moved 177 short tons (161 t) November 8, 2013 Typhoon Haiyan in Samar, Philippines [34]
Highest number of tropical storms in a season 39 official and 1 unofficial storms during the 1964 Pacific typhoon season May 12 – December 17, 1964 Northwest Pacific Ocean [35]
Warmest eye 34.0 °C (93.2 °F) at 700 hPa height August 19, 1979 Typhoon Judy in the northwest Pacific Ocean [36]

See also

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