Müveddet Kadın

Müveddet Kadın
Moved details Kadın.jpg
Born Şadiye Çıhçı
12 October 1893
Derbent, İzmit, Ottoman Empire
(present day İzmit, Turkey)
Died 20 December 1951(1951-12-20) (aged 58)
Çengelköy, Bosphorus, Istanbul, Turkey
Burial
Çengelköy Cemetery
Spouse
(m. 1911; died 1926)

Şakir Bey Eminpaşazade
(m. 1932; div. 1936)
Issue Şehzade Mehmed Ertuğrul
Names
Turkish: Müvvedet Kadın
Ottoman Turkish: مودت قادین
House Çıhçı (by birth)
Ottoman (by marriage)
Father Kato Davut Çıhcı
Mother Ayşe Hanım
Religion Sunni Islam

Müveddet Kadın (Ottoman Turkish: مودت قادین; born Şadiye Çıhçı; 12 October 1893 – 20 December 1951) was the third wife of Sultan Mehmed VI of the Ottoman Empire.[1]

Early life

Müveddet Kadın was born on 12 October 1893[1] in Derbent, İzmit. Born as Şadiye Çıhçı, she was a member of Abkhazian noble family, Çıhçi. Her father was Kato Davud Bey Çıhçı, and her mother was Ayşe Hanım.[2] She was the paternal cousin of Mehmed VI's fourth wife, Nevvare Hanım.[2]

Her paternal aunt Habibe Hanım, took her in the Dolmabahçe Palace at the age of nine. Here her name according to the custom of the Ottomam court was changed to Müveddet.[2] She was then placed in the service of Şayeste Hanım in the Çengelköy Palace.[3]

First marriage

Müveddet married Mehmed on 25 April 1911 in the mansion of Çengelköy.[1][4] A year after the marriage, on 5 October 1912, she gave birth to the couple's only son, Şehzade Mehmed Ertuğrul.[5] After Mehmed's accession to the throne on 4 July 1918, she was given the title of "Second Kadın".[1][6]

Mehmed was deposed on 1 November 1922, and went to exile with their son Ertuğrul on 17 November 1922. She, together with other members of his family, was kept in house arrest at the Feriye Palace by order of the new parliament until 10 March 1924,[7] when they were sent into exile. Müveddet joined Mehmed in San Remo.[5][8]

Second marriage

After Mehmed's death in 1926, Müveddet went to Alexandria in 1932, and married Şakir Bey, son of Emin Pasha.[1][8] Prince Ertuğrul always refused to accept his mother's second marriage, and never saw her again.[5] They divorced in 1936.[1][8]

Last years and death

She then took advantage of the law allowing the widows of the sultans allowing to return to Turkey, and settled in the mansion in Çengelköy, which she jointly owned.[5] She died on 20 December 1951,[9] in her mansion in Çengelköy, and was buried in the property's private cemetery.[1][5][8]

Issue

Name Birth Death Notes
Şehzade Mehmed Ertuğrul 5 September 1912[10] 2 July 1944[10] unmarried, and without issue

In popular culture

  • Müveddet is a character in T. Byram Karasu's historical novel Of God and Madness: A Historical Novel (2007).[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Uluçay 2011, p. 263.
  2. ^ a b c Açba 2004, p. 74.
  3. ^ Açba 2004, pp. 72, 74.
  4. ^ Sakaoğlu 2008, pp. 706–707.
  5. ^ a b c d e Bardakçı 2017, p. 94.
  6. ^ Açba 2004, p. 73.
  7. ^ Açba 2004, p. 198.
  8. ^ a b c d Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 707.
  9. ^ Açba 2004, p. 193.
  10. ^ a b Bardakçı 2017, p. xvi.
  11. ^ Karasu, T. Byram (2007). Of God and Madness: A Historical Novel. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 110–111. ISBN 978-0-742-55975-2.

Sources

  • Açba, Leyla (2004). Bir Çerkes prensesinin harem hatıraları. L & M. ISBN 978-9-756-49131-7.
  • Bardakçı, Murat (2017). Neslishah: The Last Ottoman Princess. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-9-774-16837-6.
  • Sakaoğlu, Necdet (2008). Bu Mülkün Kadın Sultanları: Vâlide Sultanlar, Hâtunlar, Hasekiler, Kandınefendiler, Sultanefendiler. Oğlak Yayıncılık. ISBN 978-6-051-71079-2.
  • Uluçay, M. Çağatay (2011). Padişahların kadınları ve kızları. Ötüken. ISBN 978-9-754-37840-5.

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