Maitri (research station)

Maitri
मैत्री
An aerial view of the Indian Station Maitri, Antarctica on 2 February 2005
An aerial view of the Indian Station Maitri, Antarctica on 2 February 2005
Location of Maitri in Antarctica
Location of Maitri in Antarctica
Maitri
Location of Maitri in Antarctica
Coordinates: 70°46′00″S 11°43′53″E / 70.766632°S 11.731516°E / -70.766632; 11.731516Coordinates: 70°46′00″S 11°43′53″E / 70.766632°S 11.731516°E / -70.766632; 11.731516
Country  India
Location in Antarctica Queen Maud Land
Antarctica
Administered by National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research
Established January 1989 (1989-01)
Elevation
130 m (430 ft)
Population
 • Total
  • Up to 65
Type All-year round
Period Annual
Status Operational
Website ncpor.res.in
Maitri under construction with lake Indira Priyadarshini in background (1988)

Maitri (Hindi: मैत्री अनुसंधान केन्द्र), also known as Friendship Research Centre, is India's second permanent research station in Antarctica as part of the Indian Antarctic Programme. The name was suggested by the then Prime Minister of India Mrs. Indira Gandhi. Work on the station was first started by the Indian Expedition which landed there in the end December 1984, with a team led by Dr. B. B. Bhattacharya. Squadron Leader D. P. Joshi, the surgeon of the team, was the first camp commander of the tentage at camp Maitri. The first huts were started by the IV Antarctica Expedition and completed in 1989, shortly before the first station Dakshin Gangotri was buried in ice and abandoned in 1990–91.[1] Maitri is situated in the rocky mountainous region called Schirmacher Oasis. It is only 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) away from the Russian Novolazarevskaya Station.

Facilities

The station has modern facilities to research in various disciplines, such as biology, earth sciences, glaciology, atmospheric sciences, meteorology, cold region engineering, communication, human physiology, and medicine. It can accommodate 25 people for winter. Freshwater is provided through a freshwater lake named Lake Priyadarshini, in front of Maitri.

Airfield

ALCI Airbase
Novo Runway
Summary
Airport type Private
Operator Antarctic Logistics Centre International (ALCI)
Serves Novolazarevskaya and Maitri
Location Dronning Maud Land
Opened 6 April 2014 (2014-04-06)
Time zone (UTC+3.30)
Coordinates 70°49′17″S 11°38′36″E / 70.821517°S 11.643345°E / -70.821517; 11.643345
Map
ALCI Airbase Novo Runway is located in Antarctica
ALCI Airbase Novo Runway
ALCI Airbase
Novo Runway
Location of airfield in Antarctica
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
3,000 9,842 Blue Ice

A blue ice runway, located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) away, operated by Antarctic Logistics Centre International (ALCI) serves the station and Novolazarevskaya.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Maitri". Polar Conservation Organisation. 11 January 2011. Archived from the original on 30 May 2012. Retrieved 13 April 2009.

External links

Copyright