Manukau (New Zealand electorate)

Manukau is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the south Auckland Region. It existed from 1881 to 1978, with a break from 1938 to 1954. It was represented by nine Members of Parliament. Two by-elections were held in the electorate.

Population centres

The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–1876 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 35 new electorates being formed, including Manukau, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries.[1]

The First Labour Government was defeated in the 1949 election and the incoming National Government changed the Electoral Act, with the electoral quota once again based on total population as opposed to qualified electors, and the tolerance was increased to 7.5% of the electoral quota. There was no adjustments in the number of electorates between the South and North Islands, but the law changes resulted in boundary adjustments to almost every electorate through the 1952 electoral redistribution; only five electorates were unaltered.[2] Five electorates were reconstituted (including Manukau) and one was newly created, and a corresponding six electorates were abolished; all of these in the North Island.[3] These changes took effect with the 1954 election.[4]

The electorate was in the southern section of greater Auckland, and was centred on Manukau.

History

The electorate existed from 1881 to 1938[5] and then from 1954 to 1978. It was represented by nine Members of Parliament.

Matthew Kirkbride was elected to the Manukau electorate in the 1902 general election, and held the electorate until he died in 1906.[6] His death caused the 6 December 1906 Manukau by-election, which was won by Frederic Lang.[7]

Bill Jordan was first elected in the 1922 general election and was confirmed in the next four elections.[8] When the Labour Party won the 1935 general election and formed the First Labour Government of New Zealand, Jordan expected a cabinet position. Instead, he was appointed to the post of New Zealand High Commissioner to the United Kingdom, which had until that point been traditionally a retirement post for former cabinet ministers.[9] His resignation from Parliament caused the 30 September 1936 Manukau by-election, which was won by Arthur Osborne.[7]

Members of Parliament

Key

 Independent    Conservative    Liberal    Reform    Labour    National  

Election results

1975 election

1975 general election: Manukau [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Roger Douglas 7,495 47.65 -9.54
National Brian Leaming 6,817 43.34
Social Credit Robert McKee 760 4.83
Values Chris Jackson 626 3.98
Socialist Unity Alan Marston 18 0.11
Liberal Ron Te Rite Pahi 10 0.06
Majority 678 4.31 -16.46
Turnout 15,726 77.21 -9.16
Registered electors 20,366

1972 election

1972 general election: Manukau [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Roger Douglas 7,830 57.19 +7.74
National R O Price 4,986 36.42
Social Credit Frederick Coles Jordan 774 5.65 +0.24
New Democratic C E Inglis 100 0.73
Majority 2,844 20.77 +15.63
Turnout 13,690 86.37 +0.56
Registered electors 15,850

1969 election

1969 general election: Manukau [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Roger Douglas 8,404 49.45
National Ronald Alfred Walden 7,529 44.30
Social Credit Frederick Coles Jordan 921 5.41 -4.16
Independent Labour Barry Moss 140 0.82
Majority 875 5.14
Turnout 16,994 85.81 +1.28
Registered electors 19,802

1966 election

1966 general election: Manukau [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Colin Moyle 8,796 52.36 +2.41
National Max Louis Peers 6,068 36.12
Social Credit Frederick Coles Jordan 1,609 9.57 +5.55
Independent Simon Michael Mill 207 1.23
Communist Rita Smith 86 0.51
Majority 2,728 16.24 +11.38
Turnout 16,796 87.09 -4.22
Registered electors 19,284

1963 election

1963 general election: Manukau [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Colin Moyle 7,798 49.95
National Henry Christopher Pryor 7,009 44.90
Social Credit Frederick Coles Jordan 629 4.02
Communist Ray Gough 173 1.10
Majority 759 4.86
Turnout 15,609 91.31 -1.26
Registered electors 17,093

1960 election

1960 general election: Manukau [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Leon Götz 9,723 48.66 +0.78
Labour Cyril Stamp 9,478 47.43 +0.57
Social Credit Thomas Higham 778 3.89 -1.35
Majority 245 1.22 +0.21
Turnout 19,979 92.57 -1.31
Registered electors 21,581

1957 election

1957 general election: Manukau [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Leon Götz 7,480 47.88 -8.48
Labour Cyril Stamp 7,321 46.86 +9.91
Social Credit Thomas Higham 820 5.24
Majority 159 1.01 -18.40
Turnout 15,621 93.88 +4.14
Registered electors 16,638

1954 election

1954 general election: Manukau [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Leon Götz 8,918 56.36
Labour Cyril Stamp 5,846 36.95
Social Credit Douglas Lance Henderson 1,057 6.68
Majority 3,072 19.41
Turnout 15,821 89.74
Registered electors 17,628

1936 by-election

1936 Manukau by-election [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Osborne 8,593 68.24
National Frederick Doidge 3,998 31.75
Informal votes 22 0.17 -0.40
Majority 4,595 36.49
Turnout 12,591 78.69 -11.10


1935 election

1935 general election: Manukau [12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bill Jordan 9,345 70.22 +5.34
Reform Herbert Jenner Wily 2,943 22.11
Democrat Herbert Thornley 1,020 7.66
Informal votes 76 0.57 +0.35
Majority 6,402 48.10 +18.35
Turnout 13,308 89.79 +13.04
Registered electors 14,821

1931 election

1931 general election: Manukau [13] [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bill Jordan 7,401 64.88 +10.75
Reform Stanley Rickards 4,007 35.12
Informal votes 48 0.42 -0.31
Majority 3,394 29.75 -0.41
Turnout 11,456 76.75 -11.46
Registered electors 14,927

1928 election

1928 general election: Manukau [15] [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bill Jordan 6,567 54.13 +1.38
United Walter Mason 2,908 23.97
Reform Bertram Bunn 2,657 21.90
Informal votes 89 0.73 +0.12
Majority 3,659 30.16 +21.92
Turnout 12,221 88.21 -3.64
Registered electors 13,855

1925 election

1925 general election: Manukau [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bill Jordan 6,748 52.75 +3.71
Reform Jack Massey 5,964 46.62
Informal votes 79 0.61 -0.32
Majority 1,054 8.24 +6.03
Turnout 12,791 91.85 +3.94
Registered electors 13,925

1922 election

1922 general election: Manukau [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bill Jordan 4,620 49.04
Reform Frederic Lang 4,411 46.82 -7.16
Ind. Progressive William Adnams 301 3.19
Informal votes 88 0.93 -0.19
Majority 209 2.21
Turnout 9,420 87.91 +5.70
Registered electors 10,715

1919 election

1919 general election: Manukau [19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform Frederic Lang 4,182 53.98
Labour Rex Mason 2,304 29.74
Liberal Charles E. Major 1,173 15.14
Informal votes 87 1.12
Majority 2,508 32.37
Turnout 7,746 82.21
Registered electors 9,422

1906 by-election

1906 Manukau by-election [20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederic Lang 2,514 66.50
Liberal George Ballard 1,266 33.49
Majority 1,248 33.01
Turnout 3,780

1899 election

1899 general election: Manukau [21] [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Maurice O'Rorke 1,967 50.28
Independent John Edward Taylor 936 23.93
Conservative Frank Buckland 516 13.19
Conservative Francis Hull 493 12.60
Majority 1,031 26.35
Informal votes 38 0.96
Turnout 3,950 74.00
Registered electors 5,338

1890 election

1890 general election: Manukau [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frank Buckland 786 52.50
Liberal Sir Maurice O'Rorke 706 47.16
Independent A Grant 5 0.33
Majority 80 5.34
Turnout 1,497 63.48
Registered electors 2,358

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