Margaret Stuart (1598–1600)

Margaret
Princess Margaret (1598-1600).jpg
Margaret accompanies her siblings in an 1814 mezzotint by Willem van de Passe.
Born 24 December 1598
Dalkeith Palace, Edinburgh
Died March 1600 (aged 1)
Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow
Burial
House Stuart
Father James VI and I
Mother Anne of Denmark

Margaret Stuart (24 December 1598 – March 1600) was the second daughter of King James VI of Scotland and Anne of Denmark. Sometime in March 1600, Margaret died of an unknown illness and she was buried in Holyrood Abbey. Three years later, her father ascended the throne of England.

Life

Margaret was born at 3 o'clock in the morning of Christmas Eve 1598, the second daughter of King James VI of Scotland, future James I of England, and Anne of Denmark.[1] She was born at Dalkeith Palace, where the Master of Work, William Schaw, had set carpenters to work to furnish a nursery, with a cradle, a bed, a chair for the nurse, and four stools for the ladies who rocked the cradle.[2] The queen's confinement at Dalkeith commenced on 21 September 1598.[3]

The Countess of Huntly attended the delivery.[4] Margaret Stewart, Mistress of Ochiltree, senior lady in waiting, was in charge of Margaret's care.[5]

Margaret's baptism was postponed until 15 April 1599, as the winter, part of the "Little Ice Age", was exceptionally cold and there were worries that the princess should catch a cold and expire.[6] King James VI wrote letters to his nobles and lairds, inviting them to the baptism, and asking for contributions. This letter was sent to Robert Bethune of Balfour in Fife:

"We greet you well: having appointed the baptism of our dearest daughter to be here at Holyrood House, upon Sunday, the 18th of April next, in such honorable manner as that action craved: we have therefore though good right effectually to request and desire you to send us such offerings and presents against that day, as is best then in season and convenient for that action, as you regard our honor and will merit our special thanks. So, not doubting to find your greater willingness to pleasure us herein, since you are to be invited to take part of you own good cheer, we commit you to God."[6]

Although such letters were not unusual on these occasions, the circumstances were exceptional, because a faction of bedchamber courtiers had displaced the royal treasurer, Walter Stewart of Blantyre, and instead George Home, George Elphinstone, Robert Melville younger, and David Murray pledged money for the celebrations.[7] James paid £400 Scots for clothes made by the tailor Peter Sanderson for Margaret and her sister Elizabeth to wear at the baptism.[8][9] The celebrations at Holyroodhouse involved feasting, dancing, and tournament games called "running at the ring" and "running at the glove". The guests included the Duke of Lennox, the Earl of Huntly, the Earl of Mar, and the Chancellor.[10]

After the baptism, Margaret and her sister were put into the care of Lord Livingston and his wife Lady Livingston at Linlithgow Palace. Helena Crichton was her wet nurse.[8] Marion Bog washed her linen, and Thomas Burnett supplied butter and sugar candy.[11]

Death and burial

In March 1600, Margaret was taken ill, but her disease is not known. Alexander Barclay, apothecary, and the German physician Martin Schöner were called to "supply certain drugs, medicaments, and other gear, for the use of the Lady Margaret, during the time of her sickness" and assist the infant, but to no avail.[12] Margaret died sometime during the very same month she became ill, but the exact date was never recorded.[8] Later in March, she was embalmed, her body was decorated with flannel, crimson silk and Florence ribbon, to prepare her for the funeral.[13] She was transported from Linlithgow to Edinburgh and was privately interred in Holyrood Abbey.[8]

Ancestors

References

Notes

  1. ^ Calendar of State Papers Scotland, vol. 13 (Edinburgh, 1969), p. 362.
  2. ^ Letters to King James the Sixth from the Queen, Prince Henry, Prince Charles etc (Edinburgh, 1835), p. lxxii-lxxiii.
  3. ^ HMC Report on the Manuscripts of Colonel David Milne Home of Wedderburn Castle, (London, 1902), p. 70
  4. ^ John Duncan Mackie, Calendar State Papers Scotland, vol. 13 part 1 (Edinburgh, 1969), p. 353.
  5. ^ Register of the Privy Council of Scotland: 1625-1657, 2 ser. vol. 1 (Edinburgh, 1899), pp. 201-202.
  6. ^ a b Everett Green 1857, p. 88.
  7. ^ Calendar State Papers Scotland, vol. 13 (Edinburgh, 1969), p. 444 no. 356.
  8. ^ a b c d Everett Green 1857, p. 89.
  9. ^ Letters to King James the Sixth from the Queen, Prince Henry, Prince Charles etc (Edinburgh, 1835), p. lxxiv.
  10. ^ Calendar State Papers Scotland, vol. 13 (Edinburgh, 1969), pp. 447 no. 359, 450 no. 363.
  11. ^ National Records of Scotland, Royal household book, E31/17.
  12. ^ Letters to King James the Sixth from the Queen, Prince Henry, Prince Charles etc (Edinburgh, 1835), p. lxxvii, modernised here.
  13. ^ Letters to King James the Sixth from the Queen, Prince Henry, Prince Charles etc (Edinburgh, 1835), pp. lxxvi-lxxvii.

Bibliography

  • Everett Green, Mary Anne (1857). Lives of the princesses of England. London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longman, & Roberts.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

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