Martyrs' Day

Martyrs' Day is an annual day observed by nations to salute the martyrdom of soldiers who lost their lives defending the sovereignty of the nation. The actual date may vary from one country to another. Here is a list of countries and Martyrs' Days.


Martyrs' Day is observed on September 8 or 9th (variable), the anniversary of Ahmad Shah Massoud's 2001 assassination. It commemorates all those who died fighting for Afghanistan.


Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day, also known as Armenian Christian Martyr day, on April 24 in Armenia, commemorating the Armenian genocide from 1915 to 1923 in Ottoman Empire Turkey.


Martyrs' Day in Azerbaijan is observed on January 20, in memory of those killed in the Black January events.


Burkina Faso

Martyrs' Day, on October 31, honors victims of the 2015 Burkinabé coup d'état.


Burmese Martyrs' Day, on July 19, the day when nine Burmese independence leaders were assassinated in 1947.


Martyrs' Day (China) is celebrated on September 30, the eve of the National Day of the People's Republic of China, to commemorate those who lost their lives for the national and territorial integrity of the people of China. It was created by the National People's Congress in 2014.


Martyrs' Day (Eritrea), is observed on June 20 of every year to honor the fallen heroes of Eritrea's warriors from the Yikealo and Warsay generations .


Martyrs' Day (India), is observed on January 30, the anniversary of the Assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi|assassination of Mohandas Gandhi in 1948. Martyrs' day is also observed across the Indian state of Punjab on March 23, on the death anniversary of Bhagat Singh in 1931 . 30 January is the date observed at the national level. The date was chosen as it marks the assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in 1948 by Nathuram Godse.[1] On Martyr’s Day the president, the vice president, the prime minister, the defence minister, and the three Service Chiefs gather at the samadhi at Raj Ghat memorial and lay wreaths decorated with multi-colour flowers. The armed forces personnel blow bugles sounding the Last Post. The inter-services contingent reverse arms as a mark of respect. A two-minute silence in memory of Indian martyrs is observed throughout the country at 11 AM. Participants hold all-religion prayers and sing tributes.[2]


Martyrs' Day (Lebanon and Syria), commemorates the execution of Lebanese and Syrian nationalists in Beirut (on what's now called Martyrs Square in DownTown) by the Ottoman occupants on May 6, 1916. Also commemorates the martyrs of the Lebanese civil war from 1975 till 1990.


16 September Martyrs' Day remembers Libyans killed or exiled under Italian rule and those who were killed in the 17 of February revolution.


Martyrs' Day, every 29 March, commemorates the beginning of the 1947 Malagasy Uprising.


In Malawi, Martyrs' Day is celebrated on March 3 to honor the political heroes who gave their lives in the struggle against British colonialism.[3]


Warriors' Day (Malay: Hari PahlawanChinese: 国家纪念日) is a day in Malaysia that commemorates the servicemen killed during the two World Wars and the Malayan Emergency. By extension, it honours all individuals who lost their lives in the line of duty throughout Malaysia's history.


Martyrs' Day or Democracy Day is celebrated on March 26 and honors the victims of the 1991 Malian coup d'état.[4]

Mizoram (India)

Martyrs' Day, every 20 September observed by MNF.


In Nepal Martyrs day(Nepali: शहीद दिवस)is celebrated in (Nepali: माघ १६ गते)Magh 16 of Vikram Samvat calendar. The month of January and February correspond to Magh. Martyr (Nepali: शहिद; Shahid) in Nepal is a term for some one who is executed while making contributions for the welfare of the country or society. The term was originally used for individuals who died while opposing the Rana Regime which was in place in the Kingdom of Nepal from 1846 until 1951.There are five(5)martyrs' in Nepal.

Lakhan Thapa is regarded as the first martyr of Nepal.[5]


Martyrs' Day (Pakistan) or Youm-e-Shuda is a Pakistani holiday held on 30 April to pay tribute to Pakistani military who died in service of their country.


Martyrs' Day (Panama), is a Panamanian holiday which commemorates the January 9, 1964 riots over sovereignty of the Panama Canal Zone.

São Tomé and Príncipe

Dia dos Mártires da Liberdade, 3 February, commemorates the 1953 Batepá massacre.[6]

South Sudan

30 July is Martyr's Day in South Sudan.

John Garang de Mabior led the Sudan People's Liberation Army during the Second Sudanese Civil War. Following a peace agreement, he briefly served as First Vice President of Sudan for three weeks until his death in a helicopter crash on July 30, 2005. Foul play in his death has never been proven, but July 30 is marked as Martyr's Day in South Sudan.[7]


Martyrs' Day (Lebanon and Syria), commemorates the execution of Syrian nationalists in Damascus by the Ottoman occupants on May 6, 1916.


June 21. The day honors all who struggled for the freedom of Togo. It is celebrated with a military parade in Lomé[8]


April 9, Martyr's Day remembers Tunisians killed in 1938.


March 18, in remembrance of Turkish soldiers fallen in action.[9] Ottoman forces defeated a naval attack of the Allied Powers in Gallipoli Campaign during World War I on March 18, 1915.


Memorial Day for War Martyrs, on July 27, in Vietnam.


In Uganda, Martyrs' Day is celebrated on June 3, mainly in honor of the Uganda Martyrs; Christian converts who were murdered for their religion in Uganda's biggest kingdom, Buganda in the late-1880s.

United Arab Emirates

Martyrs' Day (United Arab Emirates) also known as Commemoration Day (United Arab Emirates) will be marked annually on November 30, recognising the sacrifices and dedication of Emirati martyrs who have given their life in the UAE and abroad in the field of civil, military and humanitarian service.[10]


  1. ^ Rahman, Syedur; Craig Baxter (2002). Historical Dictionary of Bangladesh. Scarecrow Press. p. 196. ISBN 978-8170945888.
  2. ^ Muazzam Hussain Khan (2012), "Killing of Intellectuals", in Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.), Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh
  3. ^ Malawi Martyrs Day infosite,; accessed 2 June 2015.
  4. ^ "Mali Public Holidays 2021 (Africa)". The website. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  5. ^ "Bad blood". Nepali Times. Archived from the original on 2012-06-09. Retrieved 2015-03-02.
  6. ^ "S. Tomé e Príncipe: Importância de massacre de Batepá tem sido ignorada". Observador (in Portuguese). 8 June 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  7. ^ "Martyrs' Day in South Sudan in 2021". Office Holidays. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
  8. ^ "Martyrs' Day 2021, 2022 and 2023 in Togo". Retrieved September 14, 2020.
  9. ^ "18 Mart Gününün Şehitler Günü ve 19 Eylül Gününün Gaziler Günü İlan Edilmesi Hakkında Kanun" (PDF) (in Turkish). Mevzuat. Retrieved 2013-09-30.
  10. ^ "Martyrs' Day holiday announced in UAE". GulfNews. 19 August 2015. Retrieved 19 August 2015.