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Martyrs' Day is an annual day observed by nations to salute the martyrdom of soldiers who lost their lives defending the sovereignty of the nation. The actual date may vary from one country to another. Here is a list of countries and Martyrs' Days.
Martyrs' Day in Azerbaijan is observed on January 20, in memory of those killed in the Black January events.
- Language Movement Day, also known as Language Martyrs' Day, on 21 February in Bangladesh, commemorates Bengali as a national language.
- Bengali Genocide Remembrance Day is observed on 25 March in Bangladesh to commemorate the victims of the Bengali Genocide of 1971, initially in 2017.
- Martyred Intellectuals Day is observed on 14 December in Bangladesh to commemorate those intellectuals who were killed by Pakistani forces and their collaborators during the 1971 Liberation War, particularly on 14 December 1971.
Martyrs' Day, on October 31
Burmese Martyrs' Day, on July 19, the day when nine Burmese independence leaders were assassinated in 1947.
Martyrs' Day (China) is celebrated on September 30, the eve of the National Day of the People's Republic of China, to commemorate those who lost their lives for the national and territorial integrity of the people of China. It was created by the National People's Congress in 2014.
Martyrs' Day (Eritrea), is observed on June 20 of every year to honor the fallen heroes of Eritrea's warriors from the Yikealo and Warsay generations .
Martyrs' Day (India), is observed on January 30, the anniversary of the assassination of Mohandas Gandhi in 1948. Martyrs' day is also observed across the Indian state of Punjab on March 23, on the death anniversary of Bhagat Singh in 1931 . 30 January is the date observed at the national level. The date was chosen as it marks the assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in 1948 by Nathuram Godse. On Martyr’s Day the president, the vice president, the prime minister, the defence minister, and the three Service Chiefs gather at the samadhi at Raj Ghat memorial and lay wreaths decorated with multi-colour flowers. The armed forces personnel blow bugles sounding the Last Post. The inter-services contingent reverse arms as a mark of respect. A two-minute silence in memory of Indian martyrs is observed throughout the country at 11 AM. Participants hold all-religion prayers and sing tributes.
Martyrs' Day (Lebanon and Syria), commemorates the execution of Lebanese and Syrian nationalists in Beirut (on what's now called Martyrs Square in DownTown) by the Ottoman occupants on May 6, 1916. Also commemorates the martyrs of the Lebanese civil war from 1975 till 1990.
Martyrs' Day, every 29 March, commemorates the beginning of the 1947 Malagasy Uprising.
In Malawi, Martyrs' Day is celebrated on March 3 to honor the political heroes who gave their lives in the struggle against British colonialism.
Warriors' Day (Malay: Hari Pahlawan； Chinese: 国家纪念日) is a day in Malaysia that commemorates the servicemen killed during the two World Wars and the Malayan Emergency. By extension, it honours all individuals who lost their lives in the line of duty throughout Malaysia's history.
In Nepal Martyrs day(Nepali: शहीद दिवस)is celebrated in (Nepali: माघ १६ गते)Magh 16 of Vikram Samvat calendar. The month of January and February correspond to Magh. Martyr (Nepali: शहिद; Shahid) in Nepal is a term for some one who is executed while making contributions for the welfare of the country or society. The term was originally used for individuals who died while opposing the Rana Regime which was in place in the Kingdom of Nepal from 1846 until 1951.
Martyrs' Day (Pakistan) or Youm-e-Shuda is a Pakistani holiday held on 30 April to pay tribute to Pakistani military who died in service of their country.
Martyrs' Day (Panama), is a Panamanian holiday which commemorates the January 9, 1964 riots over sovereignty of the Panama Canal Zone.
São Tomé and Príncipe
30 July is Martyrs' Day in South Sudan.
Martyrs' Day (Lebanon and Syria), commemorates the execution of Syrian nationalists in Damascus by the Ottoman occupants on May 6, 1916.
April 9, Martyr's Day remembers Tunisians killed in 1938.
Memorial Day for War Martyrs, on July 27, in Vietnam.
In Uganda, Martyrs' Day is celebrated on June 3, mainly in honor of the Uganda Martyrs; Christian converts who were murdered for their religion in Uganda's biggest kingdom, Buganda in the late-1880s.
United Arab Emirates
Martyrs' Day (United Arab Emirates) also known as Commemoration Day (United Arab Emirates) will be marked annually on November 30, recognising the sacrifices and dedication of Emirati martyrs who have given their life in the UAE and abroad in the field of civil, military and humanitarian service.
- Rahman, Syedur; Craig Baxter (2002). Historical Dictionary of Bangladesh. Scarecrow Press. p. 196. ISBN 978-8170945888.
- Muazzam Hussain Khan (2012), "Killing of Intellectuals", in Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.), Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh
- Malawi Martyrs Day infosite, answers.com; accessed 2 June 2015.
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- "S. Tomé e Príncipe: Importância de massacre de Batepá tem sido ignorada". Observador (in Portuguese). 8 June 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
- "Martyrs' Day 2021, 2022 and 2023 in Togo". PublicHolidays.africa. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
- "18 Mart Gününün Şehitler Günü ve 19 Eylül Gününün Gaziler Günü İlan Edilmesi Hakkında Kanun" (PDF) (in Turkish). Mevzuat. Retrieved 2013-09-30.
- "Martyrs' Day holiday announced in UAE". GulfNews. 19 August 2015. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
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