Mataura (New Zealand electorate)

Mataura was a parliamentary electorate in the Southland Region of New Zealand, from 1866 to 1946.

Population centres

In the 1865 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives focussed its review of electorates to South Island electorates only, as the Central Otago Gold Rush had caused significant population growth, and a redistribution of the existing population. Fifteen additional South Island electorates were created, including Mataura, and the number of Members of Parliament was increased by 13 to 70.[1]

Mataura was located in the rural Southland Region.[2] It covered the area around Invercargill (which had its own urban electorate) and settlements included Bluff, Winton, Gore, Mataura, and Edendale.[3]

History

Mataura was first established for the 1866 general election. The first representative was Dillon Bell from 1866 until when he retired from politics at the dissolution of parliament in December 1875.[4] Bell was succeeded by William Wood, who won the 1876 election. Wood resigned at the end of 1878, as he had been appointed to the Legislative Council.[5]

Woods resignation caused the 1879 by-election, which was won by James Shanks; he retired at the end of the parliamentary term in 1881.[6] Shanks was succeeded by Francis Wallace Mackenzie, who won the 1881 election, but who was defeated in 1884 by George Richardson.[7] In the 1893 election, Richardson was defeated by Robert McNab of the Liberal Party, but Richardson in turn defeated McNab in the 1896 election.[8] In 1898, Richardson was declared bankrupt,[9] and the resulting 1898 by-election was won by McNab, who served until he was defeated again in the 1908 election.[10]

Members of Parliament

The electorate was represented by nine Members of Parliament:[11]

Key

 Independent    Conservative    Liberal    Reform    United    National  

Election results

1931 election

1931 general election: Mataura [12] [13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
United David McDougall 4,254 56.23
Independent Thomas Golden 3,311 43.77
Majority 943 12.47
Informal votes 129 1.68
Turnout 7,694 83.47
Registered electors 9,218

1928 election

1928 general election: Mataura [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
United David McDougall 4,175 50.37
Reform George James Anderson 4,113 49.63
Majority 62 0.75
Informal votes 48 0.58
Turnout 8,336 90.67
Registered electors 9,194

1919 election

1919 general election: Mataura [15] [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform George James Anderson 3,042 52.66
Independent Liberal David McDougall 1,706 29.53
Labour W. Alexander McLachlan[17][18] 848 14.68
Independent Labour Norman McIntyre 181 3.13
Majority 1,336 23.13
Informal votes 50 0.86
Turnout 5,827 81.81
Registered electors 7,123

1899 election

1899 general election: Mataura [19] [20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Robert McNab 2,132 51.94 -3.74
Conservative Irven Willis Raymond 1,973 48.06
Majority 159 3.87
Turnout 4,105 79.16
Registered electors 5,186

1898 by-election

1898 Mataura by-election [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Robert McNab 1,894 55.68
Independent Wilfrid Francis Ward 1,507 44.31
Majority 387 11.37
Turnout 3,401

1890 election

1890 general election: Matarua [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Richardson 836 53.97
Liberal John Gideon Fraser 713 46.03
Majority 123 7.94
Turnout 1,549 2566
Registered electors 2,566

1871 election

1871 general election: Mataura [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Dillon Bell 235 62.17
Independent Andrew Kinross[24] 73 19.31
Independent Thomas Denniston 70 18.52
Majority 162 42.86
Turnout 378 49.28
Registered electors 767

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