Mehbooba Mufti

Mehbooba Mufti
Mehbooba Mufti.jpg
Mufti in 2016
9th Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir
In office
4 April 2016 – 19 June 2018
Preceded by Mufti Mohammad Sayeed
Succeeded by Governor's rule
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
Preceded by Mirza Mehboob Beg
Constituency Anantnag
In office
16 May 2004 – 16 May 2009
Preceded by Mirza Mehboob Beg
Succeeded by Ali Muhammad Naik
Personal details
Born (1959-05-22) 22 May 1959 (age 61)
Bijbehara, Jammu and Kashmir (state), India
Political party Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party
Spouse(s) Javed Iqbal Shah [1]
Children Two Daughters
Relatives Mufti Mohammad Sayeed (father)
Alma mater University of Kashmir

Mehbooba Mufti (born 22 May 1959) is an Indian politician of the Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), who served last Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir from 4 April 2016 to 19 June 2018. Mehbooba Mufti is currently lodged by Govt. of UT of J&K under PSA (Public Safety Act). She formed a coalition government with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and resigned on 19 June 2018 after the BJP withdrew from the coalition.[2] Since 5 August 2019 she has been under detention.[3]

Mufti was the first and the last woman to hold the office of Chief Minister in the state.[4] She is the president of the PDP and was a member of the Indian parliament, representing Anantnag in the 16th Lok Sabha; before she was sworn in as the Chief Minister of J&K. She had previously represented Anantnag in the 14th Lok Sabha (2004–09) but did not contest the 2009 election for the 15th Lok Sabha.[5]

Early life

She is the daughter of Mufti Mohammad Sayeed and Gulshan Ara,[6] born in 1959 in Akhran Nowpora. She earned her law degree from the University of Kashmir.[7][8] Her ex-husband is a political analyst, an animal-rights activist and was also briefly with National Conference party.[1] She has two daughters, Iltija and Irtiqa. [9]

Political career

When elections for the state assembly were held in 1996, Mehbooba became one of the most popular members elected from Bijbehara on an Indian National Congress ticket. Her father had returned to the Congress, which he had left in 1987, angry at the alliance that party had formed with its traditional rival in the state, the National Conference. Mehbooba quickly made a mark as the leader of the opposition in the assembly, taking on the government of Chief Minister Farooq Abdullah with asperity.

She resigned her assembly seat and went on to contest the parliamentary elections in 1999 from Srinagar, where she lost to the sitting member Omar Abdullah. She won the Pahalgam seat in the state assembly from South Kashmir, defeating Rafi Ahmed Mir, when assembly elections were held again in 2002. She was elected to the Lok Sabha from Anantnag seat in 2004 and 2014.[citation needed]

After her father's death in January 2016, when he was heading the coalition government in Jammu and Kashmir, she took forward the same alliance with Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP), the second time the BJP and the PDP formed a government in Jammu and Kashmir.[10][11][12] On 4 April 2016, she took the oath and became the first woman Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir.

On 25 June 2016, she won an Assembly seat in a by-election in Anantnag with the highest margin in any recent elections there and thereafter focussed on settling of Rohingyas.[13]

She again contested 2019 Lok Sabha elections from Anantnag seat but lost it to Hasnain Masoodi of National Conference.[14].


On 5 August 2019, she was detained by the Indian government. She has been under detention since.[3] Her daughter Iltija Mufti took over her mother's Twitter account on the 46th day of detention.[15] In November, Iltija Mufti had written a letter to the Srinagar Deputy Commissioner to shift her mother to a place better equipped for the valley's winter.[16]

In February 2020 she was further detained under the Public Safety Act.[17]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Insider tears into Muftis and family party". Telegraph India. 2 March 2016.
  2. ^ Masoodi, Nazir and Tikku, Aloke (19 June 2018). "Dumped By BJP, Mehbooba Mufti Says Muscular Policy Won't Work In Kashmir". maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ a b Haq, Shuja-ul; Wani, Ashraf (15 November 2019). "After daughter's appeal, Mehbooba Mufti shifted to warmer location in Srinagar". India Today. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
  4. ^ "Mehbooba is J-K's first woman CM and India's 16th". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
  5. ^ Mufti, Mehbooba (1 March 2019). "Why is GoI so uncomfortable with Jamaat e Islami?..." Twitter. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  6. ^ Gulshan Ara hugs her daughter Mehbooba Mufti after the oath ceremony at Raj Bhawan in Jammu on Monday. -Excelsior/Rakesh – Jammu Kashmir Latest News | Tourism | Breaking News J&K. Retrieved on 28 August 2019.
  7. ^ Mehbooba Mufti(JKPDP):Constituency- ANANTNAG(JAMMU & KASHMIR) – Affidavit Information of Candidate:. Retrieved on 28 August 2019.
  8. ^ Waldman, Amy (12 October 2002). "A new face signals political change in embattled Kashmir". The New York Times.
  9. ^ "Mehbooba Mufti: Profile, Husband and Family".
  10. ^ Mehbooba Mufti sworn in as Jammu & Kashmir's first woman chief minister. Times of India (3 April 2016)
  11. ^ Mehbooba Mufti takes over Jammu & Kashmir reins. (4 April 2016). Retrieved on 2019-08-28.
  12. ^ Mehbooba Mufti To Take Oath As Chief Minister. (31 March 2016). Retrieved on 2019-08-28.
  13. ^ Mehbooba Mufti wins Anantnag by elections by 12 thousand votes. (25 June 2016). Retrieved on 2019-08-28.
  14. ^ "Mehbooba Mufti - CNBCTV18". CNBCTV18. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  15. ^ "Mehbooba Mufti's Daughter Takes Over Her Twitter Account". NDTV. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
  16. ^ Press Trust of India (5 November 2019). "Shift my mother to place equipped for winter: Mehbooba Mufti's daughter". India Today. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  17. ^ IANS (16 February 2020). "Some Words Used In Mehbooba Mufti Dossier Were Avoidable: J&K Top Cop". NDTV. Retrieved 16 February 2020.

External links

Lok Sabha
Preceded by
Ali Mohammed Naik
Member of Parliament
for Anantnag

Succeeded by
Mirza Mehboob Beg
Preceded by
Mirza Mehboob Beg
Member of Parliament
for Anantnag

Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by
(Presidents Rule)
Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir
4 April 2016 – 19 June 2018
Succeeded by
(Presidents Rule)
Party political offices
Preceded by
Leader of the Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party in the
16th Lok Sabha

2014 – 4 April 2016
Succeeded by
Muzaffar Hussain Baig