Michael Green (physicist)
Michael Green



Born 
Michael Boris Green
(19460522) 22 May 1946 ^{[1]}
London
^{[1]}

Nationality  British^{[1]} 
Alma mater  Churchill College, Cambridge^{[1]} 
Known for  Lorentzcovariant description of superstrings^{[2]} Classification of the consistent tendimensional superstring theories^{[3]} Green–Schwarz mechanism GS formalism 
Spouse(s)  Joanna Chataway^{[1]} 
Awards  Maxwell Medal and Prize (1987) Dirac Medal (1989, 2004) Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics (2002) Naylor Prize and Lectureship (2007) Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics (2013) 
Scientific career  
Fields  Theoretical Physics 
Institutions  University of Cambridge Queen Mary College, University of London Princeton University University of Oxford 
Thesis  Crossing Symmetry And Duality in Strong Interactions (1970) 
Doctoral advisor  Richard J. Eden^{[4]} 
Website  www www 
Michael Boris Green FRS^{[5]} (born 22 May 1946) is a British physicist and one of the pioneers of string theory. Currently a Professor of Theoretical Physics in the School of Physics and Astronomy at Queen Mary University of London, and emeritus professor in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics and a Fellow in Clare Hall, Cambridge in England, he was Lucasian Professor of Mathematics from 2009 to 2015.^{[6]}^{[7]}^{[8]}^{[9]}
Education and background
Green was born the son of Genia Green and Absalom Green. He attended William Ellis School in London and Churchill College, Cambridge^{[1]} where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts with first class honours in theoretical physics (1967) and a PhD in elementary particle theory (1970).^{[4]}^{[10]}^{[11]}
Career
Following his PhD, Green did postdoctoral research at Princeton University (1970–72), Cambridge and the University of Oxford. Between 1978 and 1993 he was a Lecturer and Professor at Queen Mary College, University of London, and in July 1993 he was appointed John Humphrey Plummer Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University of Cambridge. On 19 October 2009 he was confirmed as the next Lucasian Professor of Mathematics, to succeed Stephen Hawking on 1 November 2009.^{[6]}^{[7]} In 2015 was succeeded in that chair by Michael Cates, a specialist in colloids, gels, and particulate materials.
Research
After many years in collaboration with John Henry Schwarz,^{[12]} he codiscovered the anomaly cancellation in type I string theory in 1984. This insight, named the Green–Schwarz mechanism, initiated the First Superstring Revolution. Green has also worked on Dirichlet boundary conditions in string theory which have led to the postulation of Dbranes^{[13]} and instantons.^{[14]}
Awards and honours
Green has been awarded the Dirac and Maxwell Medals of the Institute of Physics, UK, the Dirac Medal of the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (Trieste) and the Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics of the American Physical Society. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1989.^{[5]} Green has coauthored more than 150 research papers.^{[8]}^{[15]}
His nomination for the Royal Society reads
Distinguished for his outstanding contributions to quantum field theory, especially the theory of superstrings. Green's early work was largely on duality in Smatrix theory. He was the first to prove an important result on the dual model – the cancellation of the leading divergences between boson and fermion loops. He has made significant contributions to the theory of phase transitions, but is best known for his trailblazing work, much of it in collaboration with Schwarz, on superstring theory, including the first covariant formulation of the theory. The most important results are the proofs in 1984 and 1985 of anomaly cancellation for SO (32) and E8xE8 superstring theories and of infinity cancellation in the SO (32) case. These definitive papers initiated the explosive growth of superstring theory, now one of the most active and exciting areas of fundamental theoretical physics.^{[5]}
On 12 December 2013, Michael Green shared the Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics with John Henry Schwarz "for opening new perspectives on quantum gravity and the unification of forces."
Selected publications
 Green, M., John H. Schwarz, and E. Witten. Superstring Theory. Vol. 1, Introduction. Cambridge Monographs on Mathematical Physics. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1988. ISBN 9780521357524.
 Superstring Theory. Vol. 2, Loop Amplitutes, Anomalies and Phenomenology. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1988. ISBN 9780521357531.
References
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} ^{d} ^{e} ^{f} "GREEN, Prof. Michael Boris". Who's Who 2013, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 2013; online edn, Oxford University Press. (subscription required)
 ^ Green, M. B.; Schwarz, J. H. (1984). "Covariant description of superstrings". Physics Letters B. 136 (5–6): 367. Bibcode:1984PhLB..136..367G. doi:10.1016/03702693(84)920215.
 ^ Green, M. B., Schwarz, J. H. (1982). "Supersymmetrical string theories." Physics Letters B, 109, 444–448.
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} Michael Green at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} "Green, Michael Boris: Library and Archive Catalogue". London: The Royal Society. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} Henderson, Mark (20 October 2009). "Stephen Hawking's successor as Lucasian Professor of Mathematics: Michael Green". Times Online. Archived from the original on 18 February 2010. Retrieved 20 October 2009.
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} "Michael Green elected 18th Lucasian Professor at the University of Cambridge". University of Cambridge. 20 October 2009. Archived from the original on 25 October 2009. Retrieved 20 October 2009.
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} Michael Green's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database. (subscription required)
 ^ "Cambridge University Reporter No 6380". 18 March 2015. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
 ^ Green, Michael Boris (1970). Crossing symmetry and duality in strong interactions (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge.
 ^ "Dirac Medal 1989 Presentation Ceremony Leaflet" (PDF). April 1990. Archived from the original (pdf) on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2009.
 ^ Green, M. B.; Schwarz, J. H. (1984). "Anomaly cancellations in supersymmetric D = 10 gauge theory and superstring theory". Physics Letters B. 149: 117. Bibcode:1984PhLB..149..117G. doi:10.1016/03702693(84)91565X.
 ^ Green, M. B.; Harvey, J. A.; Moore, G. (1997). "Ibrane inflow and anomalous couplings on Dbranes". Classical and Quantum Gravity. 14: 47. arXiv:hepth/9605033. Bibcode:1997CQGra..14...47G. doi:10.1088/02649381/14/1/008.
 ^ Green, M. B.; Gutperle, M. (1997). "Effects of Dinstantons". Nuclear Physics B. 498: 195. arXiv:hepth/9701093. Bibcode:1997NuPhB.498..195G. doi:10.1016/S05503213(97)002691.
 ^ "Michael Green Bibliography listing". Stanford University: Spires High Energy Physics database. Retrieved 22 October 2009. ^{[permanent dead link]}
External links
 Institute of physics page at the Wayback Machine (archived 3 February 2006)
 Quotations related to Michael Green (physicist) at Wikiquote
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