Minister for Justice (Sweden)

Minister for Justice of Sweden
Statsråd och chef för Justitiedepartementet
Lilla riksvapnet - Riksarkivet Sverige.png
Morgan Johansson i GAPF-manifestation 2014.jpg
Incumbent
Morgan Johansson

since 3 October 2014
Ministry of Justice
Member of The Government
Appointer The Prime Minister
Term length No fixed term,
Serves at the discretion of the Prime Minister
Inaugural holder Louis Gerhard De Geer
Formation 20 March 1876
Deputy Heléne Fritzon
Minister for Migration and Asylum Policy
Deputy Minister for Justice
Website www.sweden.gov.se/sb/d/584

The Minister for Justice (Swedish: justitieminister) is the justice minister of Sweden and head of the Ministry of Justice. The current Minister for Justice is Morgan Johansson of the Social Democratic Party.

History

The office was instituted in 1809 as a result of the constitutional Instrument of Government promulgated in the same year. Until 1876 the office was called Prime Minister for Justice (Swedish: justitiestatsminister), similar to the office of Prime Minister for Foreign Affairs (Swedish: utrikesstatsminister). Until 1840, the Prime Minister for Justice also served as a member of the Supreme Court. Following the ministry reform in 1840, the Prime Minister for Justice became head of the newly instituted Ministry of Justice. In 1876 the office proper of Prime Minister of Sweden was created and at the same time the Minister for Justice was created. Before 1876 the Prime Minister for Justice had in practice been granted exclusively to members of the most prominent noble families.

List of officeholders

Prime Ministers for Justice (1809–1876)

Name Took office Left office Political party
Carl Axel Wachtmeister 9 June 1809 5 April 1810 Independent
Fredrik Gyllenborg 5 April 1810 18 August 1829 Independent
Mathias Rosenblad 18 August 1829 16 May 1840 Independent
Arvid Mauritz Posse 16 May 1840 5 September 1840 Independent
Carl Petter Törnebladh (acting) 5 September 1840 14 January 1841 Independent
Carl Petter Törnebladh 14 January 1841 5 January 1843 Independent
Lars Herman Gyllenhaal 5 January 1843 28 December 1844 Independent
Johan Nordenfalk 28 December 1844 9 March 1846 Independent
Arvid Mauritz Posse 23 March 1846 10 April 1848 Independent
Gustaf Sparre 10 April 1848 25 September 1856 Independent
Claës Günther 25 September 1856 7 April 1858 Independent
Louis De Geer 7 April 1858 3 June 1870 Independent
Axel Adlercreutz 3 June 1870 8 April 1874 Independent
Edvard Carleson 4 May 1874 11 May 1875 Independent
Louis De Geer 11 May 1875 20 March 1876 Independent

Ministers for Justice (1876–present)

Color key

 Independent  
Historical parties:  Lantmanna    Protectionist    National Party    Liberal Coalition    Freeminded People's    Liberal    Liberal People's  
Present parties:  Social Democratic    Moderate    Centre    Left    Liberals    Christian Democrats    Green    Sweden Democrats  

Status

  Denotes acting Minister for Justice

Portrait Minister for Justice
(Born-Died)
Term Political Party Coalition Cabinet
Took office Left office Duration
 
Louis De Geer d.ä.
De Geer d.ä., LouisLouis De Geer d.ä.
(1818–1896)
20 March 1876 (1876-03-20) 6 June 1879 (1879-06-06) 3 years, 78 days Independent De Geer d.ä.
 
Ludvig Teodor Almqvist
Almqvist, Ludvig TeodorLudvig Teodor Almqvist
(1818–1884)
6 June 1879 (1879-06-06) 19 April 1880 (1880-04-19) 318 days Independent De Geer d.ä.
 
Nils von Steyern
Steyern von, NilsNils von Steyern
(1839–1899)
19 April 1880 (1880-04-19) 6 February 1888 (1888-02-06) 7 years, 293 days Independent Posse
Thyselius
Themptander
 
Axel Bergström
Bergström, AxelAxel Bergström
(1823–1893)
6 February 1888 (1888-02-06) 28 September 1888 (1888-09-28) 235 days Independent G. Bildt
 
Axel Örbom
Örbom, AxelAxel Örbom
(1836–1889)
28 September 1888 (1888-09-28) 30 May 1889 (1889-05-30) 244 days Independent G. Bildt
 
August Östergren
Östergren, AugustAugust Östergren
(1832–1914)
12 June 1889 (1889-06-12) 5 February 1896 (1896-02-05) 6 years, 238 days Independent Åkerhielm
Boström I
 
Ludvig Annerstedt
Annerstedt, LudvigLudvig Annerstedt
(1836–1904)
5 February 1896 (1896-02-05) 5 December 1901 (1901-12-05) 5 years, 303 days Independent von Otter
 
Hjalmar Hammarskjöld
Hammarskjöld, HjalmarHjalmar Hammarskjöld
(1862–1953)
5 December 1901 (1901-12-05) 5 July 1902 (1902-07-05) 212 days Independent von Otter
 
Ossian Berger
Berger, OssianOssian Berger
(1849–1914)
5 July 1902 (1902-07-05) 2 August 1905 (1905-08-02) 3 years, 28 days Lantmanna Boström II
Ramstedt
 
Gustaf Berg
Berg, GustafGustaf Berg
(1844–1908)
2 August 1905 (1905-08-02) 7 November 1905 (1905-11-07) 97 days Protectionist PPLS Lundeberg
 
Karl Staaff
Staaff, KarlKarl Staaff
(1860–1915)
7 November 1905 (1905-11-07) 29 May 1906 (1906-05-29) 203 days Liberal LS Staaff I
 
Gustaf Albert Petersson
Petersson, Gustaf AlbertGustaf Albert Petersson
(1851–1938)
29 May 1906 (1906-05-29) 7 October 1911 (1911-10-07) 5 years, 131 days Electoral League AvF Lindman I
 
Gustaf Sandström
Sandström, GustafGustaf Sandström
(1865–1930)
7 October 1911 (1911-10-07) 17 February 1914 (1914-02-17) 2 years, 133 days Liberal LS Staaff II
 
Berndt Hasselrot
Hasselrot, BerndtBerndt Hasselrot
(1862–1930)
17 February 1914 (1914-02-17) 30 March 1917 (1917-03-30) 3 years, 41 days Independent Hammarskjöld
 
Steno Stenberg
Stenberg, StenoSteno Stenberg
(1870–1940)
30 March 1917 (1917-03-30) 19 October 1917 (1917-10-19) 203 days Electoral League N Swartz
 
Eliel Löfgren
Löfgren, ElielEliel Löfgren
(1872–1940)
19 October 1917 (1917-10-19) 10 March 1920 (1920-03-10) 2 years, 143 days Liberal LSS Edén
 
Östen Undén
Undén, ÖstenÖsten Undén
(1886–1974)
10 March 1920 (1920-03-10) 30 June 1920 (1920-06-30) 112 days Social Democratic S Branting I
 
Assar Åkerman
Åkerman, AssarAssar Åkerman
(1860–1936)
30 June 1920 (1920-06-30) 27 October 1920 (1920-10-27) 119 days Social Democratic S Branting I
 
Birger Ekeberg
Ekeberg, BirgerBirger Ekeberg
(1880–1968)
27 October 1920 (1920-10-27) 13 October 1921 (1921-10-13) 351 days Independent De Geer d.y.
von Sydow
 
Assar Åkerman
Åkerman, AssarAssar Åkerman
(1860–1936)
13 October 1921 (1921-10-13) 19 April 1923 (1923-04-19) 1 year, 188 days Social Democratic S Branting II
 
Birger Ekeberg
Ekeberg, BirgerBirger Ekeberg
(1880–1968)
19 April 1923 (1923-04-19) 18 October 1924 (1924-10-18) 1 year, 182 days Independent N Trygger
 
Torsten Nothin
Nothin, TorstenTorsten Nothin
(1884–1972)
18 October 1924 (1924-10-18) 7 June 1926 (1926-06-07) 1 year, 232 days Social Democratic S Branting III
Sandler
 
Johan Thyrén
Thyrén, JohanJohan Thyrén
(1861–1933)
7 June 1926 (1926-06-07) 2 October 1928 (1928-10-02) 2 years, 117 days Freeminded People's FFL Ekman I
 
Georg Bissmark
Bissmark, GeorgGeorg Bissmark
(1871–1941)
2 October 1928 (1928-10-02) 7 June 1930 (1930-06-07) 1 year, 248 days Electoral League AvF Lindman II
 
Natanael Gärde
Gärde, NatanaelNatanael Gärde
(1880–1968)
7 June 1930 (1930-06-07) 24 September 1932 (1932-09-24) 2 years, 109 days Independent FF Ekman II
Hamrin
 
Karl Schlyter
Schlyter, KarlKarl Schlyter
(1879–1959)
24 September 1932 (1932-09-24) 19 June 1936 (1936-06-19) 3 years, 269 days Social Democratic S Hansson I
 
Thorwald Bergquist
Bergquist, ThorwaldThorwald Bergquist
(1899–1972)
19 June 1936 (1936-06-19) 28 September 1936 (1936-09-28) 101 days Independent BF Pehrsson-Bramstorp
 
Karl Gustaf Westman
Westman, Karl GustafKarl Gustaf Westman
(1876–1944)
28 September 1936 (1936-09-28) 30 August 1943 (1943-08-30) 6 years, 336 days Farmers' League SBF
SBFHFP
Hansson II
Hansson III
 
Thorwald Bergquist
Bergquist, ThorwaldThorwald Bergquist
(1899–1972)
30 August 1943 (1943-08-30) 31 July 1945 (1945-07-31) 1 year, 335 days People's SBFHFP Hansson III
 
Herman Zetterberg
Zetterberg, HermanHerman Zetterberg
(1904–1963)
31 July 1945 (1945-07-31) 20 September 1957 (1957-09-20) 12 years, 51 days Social Democratic SBFHFP
S
SBF
Hansson IV
Erlander I
Erlander II
 
Ingvar Lindell
Lindell, IngvarIngvar Lindell
(1904–1993)
20 September 1957 (1957-09-20) 1 December 1959 (1959-12-01) 2 years, 72 days Social Democratic SBF
S
Erlander II
Erlander III
 
Herman Kling
Kling, HermanHerman Kling
(1913–1985)
1 December 1959 (1959-12-01) 14 October 1969 (1969-10-14) 9 years, 317 days Social Democratic S Erlander III
 
Lennart Geijer
Geijer, LennartLennart Geijer
(1909–1999)
14 October 1969 (1969-10-14) 8 October 1976 (1976-10-08) 6 years, 360 days Social Democratic S Palme I
 
Sven Romanus
Romanus, SvenSven Romanus
(1906–2005)
8 October 1976 (1976-10-08) 12 October 1979 (1979-10-12) 3 years, 4 days Independent CMFP
FP
Fälldin I
Ullsten
 
Håkan Winberg
Winberg, HåkanHåkan Winberg
(born 1931)
12 October 1979 (1979-10-12) 5 May 1981 (1981-05-05) 1 year, 205 days Moderate CMFP Fälldin II
 
Carl Axel Petri
Petri, Carl AxelCarl Axel Petri
(1929–2017)
5 May 1981 (1981-05-05) 8 October 1982 (1982-10-08) 1 year, 156 days Independent CFP Fälldin III
 
Ove Rainer
Rainer, OveOve Rainer
(1925–1987)
8 October 1982 (1982-10-08) 10 November 1983 (1983-11-10) 1 year, 33 days Social Democratic S Palme II
 
Anna-Greta Leijon
Leijon, Anna-GretaAnna-Greta Leijon
(born 1939)
Acting
11 November 1983 (1983-11-11) 15 November 1983 (1983-11-15) 5 days Social Democratic S Palme II
 
Sten Wickbom
Wickbom, StenSten Wickbom
(1931–2015)
15 November 1983 (1983-11-15) 19 October 1987 (1987-10-19) 3 years, 338 days Social Democratic S Palme II
Carlsson I
 
Anna-Greta Leijon
Leijon, Anna-GretaAnna-Greta Leijon
(born 1939)
19 October 1987 (1987-10-19) 7 July 1988 (1988-07-07) 232 days Social Democratic S Carlsson I
 
Thage G. Peterson
Peterson, Thage G.Thage G. Peterson
(born 1933)
Acting
7 July 1988 (1988-07-07) 30 September 1988 (1988-09-30) 115 days Social Democratic S Carlsson I
 
Ingvar Carlsson
Carlsson, IngvarIngvar Carlsson
(born 1934)
Acting
30 September 1988 (1988-09-30) 4 October 1988 (1988-10-04) 4 days Social Democratic S Carlsson I
 
Laila Freivalds
Freivalds, LailaLaila Freivalds
(born 1942)
4 October 1988 (1988-10-04) 4 October 1991 (1991-10-04) 3 years, 0 days Social Democratic S Carlsson I
Carlsson II
 
Gun Hellsvik
Hellsvik, GunGun Hellsvik
(1942–2016)
4 October 1991 (1991-10-04) 7 October 1994 (1994-10-07) 3 years, 3 days Moderate MCFPKD C. Bildt
 
Laila Freivalds
Freivalds, LailaLaila Freivalds
(born 1942)
7 October 1994 (1994-10-07) 21 September 2000 (2000-09-21) 5 years, 350 days Social Democratic S Carlsson III
Persson
 
Lena Hjelm-Wallén
Hjelm-Wallén, LenaLena Hjelm-Wallén
(born 1943)
Acting
21 September 2000 (2000-09-21) 16 October 2000 (2000-10-16) 25 days Social Democratic S Persson
 
Thomas Bodström
Bodström, ThomasThomas Bodström
(born 1962)
16 October 2000 (2000-10-16) 6 October 2006 (2006-10-06) 5 years, 355 days Social Democratic S Persson
 
Beatrice Ask
Ask, BeatriceBeatrice Ask
(born 1956)
6 October 2006 (2006-10-06) 3 October 2014 (2014-10-03) 7 years, 362 days Moderate MCFPKD Reinfeldt
 
Morgan Johansson
Johansson, MorganMorgan Johansson
(born 1970)
3 October 2014 (2014-10-03) Incumbent 5 years, 305 days Social Democratic SMP Löfven I
Löfven II
  • According to the data above, Anna-Greta Leijon was the first female appointed as the Minister for Justice (1983). However, Laila Freivalds was the first female with a legal credential to become the Minister for Justice (1988-1991; 1994-2000)--as Leijon had a labor background.

See also

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