Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Azerbaijan

Coat of arms of Azerbaijani Armed Forces

The Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Respublikasının Müdafiə Nazirliyi) is the Azerbaijani government ministry, associated with the Azerbaijani military. The ministry is responsible for keeping Azerbaijan defended against external threats, preserving its territorial integrity, waging war on behalf of Azerbaijan (for example the current Azerbaijani contribution to the War on Terror in Afghanistan and Iraq), and the surveillance of the Azerbaijani sector of Caspian Sea sea and airspace. The Minister of Defense is appointed and removed from the post by the Commander-in-chief of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces, President of Azerbaijan.

The current defense minister is Zakir Hasanov.[1]


The first minister of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was General Khosrov bey Sultanov, who was appointed the Minister of the first Government on 28 May 1918.In accordance with Action Plan approved by Parliament on formation of the army, important structures and divisions were to be established by November 1, 1919. Within the time given, artillery division, two infantry divisions consisting of three regiments, special telegraph, cavalry and machine gun platoons, railway battalions were to be created. Another priority of the government of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was to establish Ministry of Defense. No minister of defense portfolio was officially instituted. But Khosrov bey Sultanov assumed the duties of the minister from May 28 through June 11, 1918. The Ministry of Defense of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was established by a decision made on 23 October 1918. The decision was formalized on November 7 of the current year. After formalization of the decision Fatali-khan Khoyski was appointed the minister of defense. On December 26, 1918 Lieutenant General of the Russian Artillery Samad-bey Mehmandarov, took the office. Lieutenant General Aliagha Shikhlinski appointed his deputy and Lieutenant General Suleyman Shulkevitch as the Chief of the General Staff. As the Ministry of Defense was officially dissolved in the wake of Azerbaijan's Sovietization in 1920, their functions were delegated to the People's Military Commissariat, and the Bolsheviks executed 15 of the 21 Army Generals of Azerbaijan.

In the midst of dissolution of Soviet Union and political turmoil in Azerbaijan in late 1980s, Azerbaijani military played an important role in the struggle for and retaining power.

The Ministry of Defense was established on September 5, 1991, following a resolution by the High Council of Azerbaijan SSR. One month later, on October 9th of the same year, the Armed Forces of Azerbaijan was established.

International Military Cooperation

The main directions of international military cooperation:

  • Bilateral and multilateral cooperation with the countries in the region and outside the region;
  • Cooperation with the Euro-Atlantic structures;
  • Cooperation with international organizations and defense-industrial complexes of foreign countries;
  • Cooperation on military, military-political and military-technical for improving military security system;
  • Study new programs and mechanisms
  • Broadening the participation in inspection activities set out under the Vienna Document 2011 "On Confidence and Security-Building Measures" and to the Treaty 1990 "On Conventional Armed Forces in Europe" (CFE);
  • Expanding the activities related to the crisis prevention and armed conflicts management, as well as resolution and elimination of their consequences, with a focus on conflicting efforts to combat international terrorism, the proliferation of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction, their components and vehicles, modern global challenges and threats arising from military operations;
  • Broadening the scope of activities related to the fulfilment of commitments and obligations arising out of the cooperation with international organizations and military organizations of foreign countries in the area of international military cooperation;
  • Providing more effective training for military personnel and units, whose participation in peacekeeping operations are planned, the study of international experience and application capabilities to contribute to improvement of the level of combat training and its compatibility.

Cooperation with OSCE

The Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Azerbaijan supports the Office of the Personal Representative of the OSCE Chairperson-in-Office to conduct a ceasefire monitoring exercises on the Line of Confrontation of the armed forces of Armenia and Azerbaijan as well as on the state border.

Cooperation with NATO

The Republic of Azerbaijan joined the NATO-led "Partnership for Peace" (PFP) programme on May 4, 1994, the NATO Planning and Review Process (PARP) in 1996. Azerbaijan joined the NATO military training and education program aimed at improving the school of sergeants in the Armed Forces of the Republic of Azerbaijan, training programs for junior officers and the inclusion of the subject "Strategy and Defense Planning" in the educational program of the Academy of Armed Forces as a new module. Azerbaijan has become a good partner at NATO-led operations in Kosova and Afghanistan and still contributes to Alliance’s mission in Afghanistan by deploying its peacekeeping forces in this country. Furthermore, on NATO advice, Azerbaijan developed strategic documents on defense and security, as well as, made improvements in this direction. Besides this, NATO and Azerbaijan cooperate on reorganizing units in accordance with NATO standards and on developing control and command capabilities of every armed service.

Cooperation with ICRC

Cooperation between the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Azerbaijan and International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) covers the issues of providing educational materials on the International Humanitarian Law (IHL) for the Armed Forces of the Republic of Azerbaijan, delivering lectures on IHL in the Military Academy of the Armed Forces, conducting trainings and seminars on IHL for the servicemen, ensuring their participation in regional and international courses, monitors the civilian population’s living conditions in the areas near the Line of Confrontation (LOC) of the armed forces of Armenia and Azerbaijan, through the visits to these places, creation conditions for agricultural activities of civilian population living near the Line of Confrontation of the armed forces of the Armenia and Azerbaijan through launching of some social oriented projects, cooperation in arranging and conducting humanitarian assistance.

Military education

Military education system in Ministry of Defense is composed of educational institutions specialized on military and other relevant agencies that mainly focus on training and building a qualified and patriotic staff who is expected to implement the duties and tasks of armed forces and at the same time having adequate knowledge based on education standards of the country for guaranteeing the defense and security of Azerbaijan. The rights and duties of employees working in this field, the regulations and principles and finally overall controlling of educational system of military are defined on the basis of "Law on the Education of the Republic of Azerbaijan".

In order to finish the first stage of education, the students are expected to study in special secondary education institutions named after C. Nakhchivanski and military high schools named after Heydar Aliyev. The warrant officers (including NCO courses) of complementary military education institutions are the next destination for further education. The students can get high education in bachelor and master levels in military institutions such as Azerbaijan High Military School named after Heydar Aliyev and The War College of the Armed Forces.[2]

The military education system aimed to achieve following purposes;

  • Preparing patriotic and innovative military staff who are aware of their responsibility toward their state and people and respecting national values and other values such as democracy, human rights.
  • Raising military specialists who feel dedicated to protect universal and national values and morals and are specialized on utilization of military equipment.
  • Preparing committed military staff who are always looking for ways to increase their knowledge and abilities in order to devote their all energies to ensure a constant increase in the combat readiness of the armed forces and defensive ability of the Republic of Azerbaijan. "Law on the Education of the Republic of Azerbaijan" defines the following levels of the military education;
  1. Secondary education;
  2. Further education;
  3. High education (bachelor and master levels);
  4. Adjuncture;

Educational institutions under the Ministry

List of Ministers

President Term of office Political party Government Elected Ref
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
1 Khosrov bey Sultanov.jpg Khosrov bey Sultanov
Xosrov bəy Sultanov
27 May 1918 11 June 1918 15 Ittihad
1. Rasulzade I 1918 [3]
Won the Battle of Baku; Established two infantry divisions consisting of three regiments, artillery division, special telegraph, cavalry and machine gun platoons, railway battalions.
2 Khoysky.jpeg Fatali Khan Khoyski
Fətəli-xan Xoyski
7 November 1918 25 December 1918 48 Independent
2. Topchubashov I 1918 [4]
3 Mexmandarov 2.jpg Samad bey Mehmandarov
Səməd bəy Mehmandarov
25 December 1918 28 April 1920 731 Independent
3. Topchubashov I 1918 [5]
1920 Ganja revolt; Failed to slow down the advance of 11th Red Army on Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.

Heads of Military Department of Azerbaijan SSR

People's Commissars for Military and Naval Affairs of Azerbaijan SSR

(the list is incomplete)

Chairman Term of office Political party Government Elected Ref
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
1 Cingiz Ildrym.jpg Chingiz Ildyrym
Çingiz İldırım
28 April 1920 5 June 1920 38 Communist
1. Hüseynov I [6]
2 Наркомвоенмор Азербайджанской ССР А. Г. Караев.jpg Aliheydar Garayev
Aliheydar Garayev
5 June 1920 20 June 1920 15 Communist
2. Hüseynov I [7]

Azerbaijan Republic

President Term of office Political party Government Elected Ref
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
1 Valeh Barshadly
Valeh Bərşadlı
5 September 1991 11 December 1991 97 Military
Mütəllibov II 1991 [8]
During his term as Chief of Staff, Azerbaijani army has achieved successful military victories on the Karabakh front; Prevented the ammunition from being destroyed when the remaining Soviet army was pulling out of Azerbaijan in 1992.
2 Tajeddin Mehdiyev
Tacəddin Mehdiyev
11 December 1991 17 February 1992 68 Military
Mütəllibov II 1971
Led an unsuccessful operation in Dashalty; Capture of Malibeyli and Gushchular.
Shahin Musayev (Acting)
Şahin Musayev
17 February 1992 24 February 1992 7 Military
Capture of Garadaghly.
3 Tahir Aliyev
Tahir Əliyev
24 February 1992 16 March 1992 21 Military
1992 [10]
Khojaly Massacre.
4 Rəhim Qazıyev.jpg Rahim Gaziyev
Rəhim Qazıyev
17 March 1992 20 February 1993 340 Azerbaijani Popular Front Party
4. Elçibəy I 1992
Capture of Shusha.
5 Dadash Rzayev
Dadaş Rzayev
20 February 1993 17 June 1993 147 Azerbaijani Popular Front Party
5. Elçibəy I 1993 [11]
Sacked by President Abulfaz Elchibey for taking a part during skirmishes during the Ganja revolt.
Safar Abiyev in 2006.jpg Safar Abiyev (Acting)
Səfər Əbiyev
17 June 1993 7 August 1993 51 New Azerbaijan Party
Vahid Musayev (Acting)
Vahid Musayev
7 August 1993 25 August 1993 18 New Azerbaijan Party
Arresting for being part of coup d'état attempt against Heydar Aliyev.
6 Mammadrafi Mammadov
Məmmədrəfi Məmmədov
2 September 1993 6 February 1995 522 New Azerbaijan Party
6. H.Əliyev II 1993 [13]
Bishkek Protocol.
7 Safar Abiyev in 2006.jpg Safar Abiyev
Səfər Əbiyev
6 February 1995 22 October 2013 6833 New Azerbaijan Party
7. H.Əliyev II 1995 [14]
During Abiyev's tenure as defense minister, Azerbaijan has signed military cooperation agreements with Turkey, the United States, Pakistan and others; Partnership for Peace.
8 Zakir Hasanov meeting with Ali Shamkhani.jpg Zakir Hasanov
Zakir Həsənov
22 October 2013 Present 2035 New Azerbaijan Party
8. İ.Əliyev I 2013 [15]

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b "Education system of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces".
  3. ^ "Azərbaycan Demokratik Cümhuriyyətinin ilk qəhrəman hərbi naziri – Xosrov bəy Sultanovun doğum günüdür" [Birthday of the first Minister of Defense of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic - Khosrov bey Sultanov]. Retrieved 2010-07-19.
  4. ^ Fuad Akhundov (Spring 1998). "Alimardan Topchubashev - Minister of Foreign Affairs (1862-1934)". Azerbaijan International. p. 31. Retrieved 2010-07-09.
  5. ^ "Azerbaijan marks 96th anniversary of its armed forces". Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  6. ^ "İldırımlı yollarla" [On path of a lightning]. Archived from the original on 2011-10-04. Retrieved 2010-07-16.
  7. ^ "Azərbaycanda Aprel sosialist inqilabı" [April Socialist Revolution in Azerbaijan]. Archived from the original on 2011-10-04. Retrieved 2010-07-21.
  8. ^ "The Center of Effective Initiatives". Retrieved 2010-07-12.
  9. ^ "Müdafiə Nazirliyinin yaranmasının 18 ili tamam oldu" [18 years pass since establishment of the Ministry of Defense]. Retrieved 2010-07-15.
  10. ^ "Azərbaycan Respublikası Müdafiə Şurasının yaradılması haqqında AZƏRBAYCAN RESPUBLİKASI PREZİDENTİNİN FƏRMANI" [Order of President of Azerbaijan Republic on establishment of Defense Council]. Archived from the original on 2011-10-09. Retrieved 2011-01-05.
  11. ^ Rashad Suleymanov (2008-12-06). "73 yaşlı Azərbaycan generalı təyarədən paraşütlə tullanacaq. Interview" [A 73-year-old Azerbaijani general will parachute. Interview]. Retrieved 2010-07-14.
  12. ^ "Müdafiə Nazirliyinin yaranmasının 18 ili tamam oldu" [18 years pass since establishment of the Ministry of Defense]. Retrieved 2010-07-13.
  13. ^ "Вооруженным силам Азербайджана исполняется 89 лет" [Armed Forces of Azerbaijan turn 89]. Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2010-07-13.
  14. ^ Azerbaijan's Unsinkable General
  15. ^ "Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs of Azerbaijan". Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan. 2008. Retrieved 16 July 2014.

External links