Ministry of Defence (Yugoslavia)

Ministry of Defence
Serbo-Croatian: Ministarstvo odbrane/Министарство одбране
Slovene: Ministrstvo za obrambo
Macedonian: Министерство за одбрана
Standard of the Minister of Defence of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and State Union Serbia and Montenegro.png
Standard of the Minister of Defence (1995–2006)
Serb-milit-bomb-nato.jpg
The Yugoslav Ministry of Defence building (damaged in the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia)
Ministry overview
Formed 1 December 1918; 101 years ago (1918-12-01)
Dissolved 4 June 2006; 14 years ago (2006-06-04)
Jurisdiction Yugoslavia, Serbia and Montenegro
Headquarters Yugoslav Ministry of Defence building, Belgrade (1965–1999)
44°48′20″N 20°27′40″E / 44.80556°N 20.46111°E / 44.80556; 20.46111Coordinates: 44°48′20″N 20°27′40″E / 44.80556°N 20.46111°E / 44.80556; 20.46111
Ministers responsible
  • General Mihailo Rašić, first Minister of Defence
  • Major General (Ret'd) Zoran Stanković, last Minister of Defence
Parent department Federal Executive Council (1953–1992)

Through the history of Yugoslavia, the defence ministry which was responsible for defence of the country was known under several different names. The Ministry of the Army and Navy was responsible for defence of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia from 1918 to 1941, the Federal Secretariat of People's Defence for the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1945 to 1992 and the Ministry of Defence for Serbia and Montenegro (officially named the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia between 1992 and 2003) from 1992 to 2006.

List of ministers

† denotes people who died in office.

Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918–1941)

Minister of the Army
No. Portrait Minister of the Army Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch
1
Mihailo Rašić
Rašić, MihailoGeneral
Mihailo Rašić
(1858–1932)
[a]
1 December 1918 20 December 1918 19 days Independent Royal Army
Minister of the Army and Navy
No. Portrait Minister of the Army and Navy Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch
1
Mihailo Rašić
Rašić, MihailoGeneral
Mihailo Rašić
(1858–1932)
20 December 1918 30 March 1919 100 days Independent Royal Army
2
Stevan Hadžić
Hadžić, StevanGeneral
Stevan Hadžić
(1868–1931)
30 March 1919 19 February 1920 326 days Independent Royal Army
3
Branko Jovanović
Jovanović, BrankoGeneral
Branko Jovanović
(1868–1921)
19 February 1920 26 March 1921 † 1 year, 35 days Independent Royal Army
Milorad Drašković
Drašković, MiloradMilorad Drašković
(1873–1921)
Acting
Minister of the Interior
27 March 1921 24 May 1921 58 days DS none
(2)
Stevan Hadžić
Hadžić, StevanGeneral
Stevan Hadžić
(1868–1931)
24 May 1921 20 July 1921 57 days Independent Royal Army
4
Milivoje Zečević
Zečević, MilivojeGeneral
Milivoje Zečević
(1872–1946)
20 July 1921 3 January 1922 167 days Independent Royal Army
5
Miloš M. Vasić
M. Vasić, MilošGeneral
Miloš M. Vasić
(1859–1935)
5 January 1922 4 November 1922 303 days Independent Royal Army
6
Petar Pešić
Pešić, PetarGeneral
(when appointed)
Army general
(since 1923)
Petar Pešić
(1871–1944)
4 November 1922 27 July 1924 1 year, 266 days Independent Royal Army
(2)
Stevan Hadžić
Hadžić, StevanArmy general
Stevan Hadžić
(1868–1931)
27 July 1924 6 November 1924 102 days Independent Royal Army
7
Dušan Trifunović
Trifunović, DušanDivisional general
Dušan Trifunović
(1880–1942)
6 November 1924 24 December 1926 2 years, 48 days Independent Royal Army
(2)
Stevan Hadžić
Hadžić, StevanArmy general
Stevan Hadžić
(1868–1931)
24 December 1926 23 April 1931 † 4 years, 120 days Independent Royal Army
8
Dragomir Stojanović
Stojanović, DragomirArmy general
Dragomir Stojanović
(1878–1943)
24 April 1931 18 April 1934 2 years, 359 days Independent Royal Army
9
Milan Ž. Milovanović
Milovanović, Milan Ž.Army general
Milan Ž. Milovanović
(1874–1942)
18 April 1934 22 October 1934 187 days Independent Royal Army
10
Petar Živković
Živković, PetarArmy general
Petar Živković
(1879–1947)
22 October 1934 7 March 1936 1 year, 137 days Independent Royal Army
11
Ljubomir Marić
Marić, LjubomirArmy general
Ljubomir Marić
(1878–1960)
8 March 1936 25 August 1938 2 years, 170 days Independent Royal Army
12
Milutin Nedić
Nedić, MilutinArmy general
Milutin Nedić
(1882–1945)
25 August 1938 26 August 1939 1 year, 1 day Independent Royal Army
13
Milan Nedić
Nedić, MilanArmy general
Milan Nedić
(1877–1946)
[b]
26 August 1939 6 November 1940 1 year, 72 days Independent Royal Army
(6)
Petar Pešić
Pešić, PetarArmy general
Petar Pešić
(1871–1944)
[c]
6 November 1940 27 March 1941 141 days Independent Royal Army
14
Bogoljub Ilić
Ilić, BogoljubArmy general
Bogoljub Ilić
(1881–1953)
27 March 1941 18 April 1941 22 days Independent Royal Army

Yugoslav government-in-exile (1941–1945)

Minister of the Army and Navy
No. Portrait Minister of the Army and Navy Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch
1
Bogoljub Ilić
Ilić, BogoljubArmy General
Bogoljub Ilić
(1881–1953)
[d]
18 April 1941 21 August 1941 125 days Independent Royal Army
Minister of the Army
No. Portrait Minister of the Army Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch
1
Bogoljub Ilić
Ilić, BogoljubArmy General
Bogoljub Ilić
(1881–1953)
21 August 1941 11 January 1942 143 days Independent Royal Army
2
Dragoljub Mihailović
Mihailović, DragoljubBrigadier General
Dragoljub Mihailović
(1893–1946)
[e]
11 January 1942 14 January 1942 3 days Independent JVuO
Minister of the Air Force and Navy
No. Portrait Minister of the Air Force and Navy Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch
1
Dušan Simović
Simović, DušanArmy General
Dušan Simović
(1882–1962)
21 August 1941 11 January 1942 153 days Independent Emblem of the Royal Yugoslav Army Air Force.png
Royal Air Force
2
Dragoljub Mihailović
Mihailović, DragoljubBrigadier General
Dragoljub Mihailović
(1893–1946)
[f]
11 January 1942 14 January 1942 3 days Independent JVuO
Minister of the Army, Navy and Air Force
No. Portrait Minister of the Army, Navy and Air Force Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch
1
Dragoljub Mihailović
Mihailović, DragoljubBrigadier General
(when appointed)
Divisional General
(since 19 January 1942)
Army General
(since 17 June 1942)
Dragoljub Mihailović
(1893–1946)
[g]
14 January 1942 1 July 1944 2 years, 169 days Independent JVuO
Ivan Šubašić
Šubašić, IvanIvan Šubašić
(1892–1955)
Acting
1 July 1944 11 September 1944 72 days HSS none
2
Borisav Ristić
Ristić, BorisavDivisional General
Borisav Ristić
(1883–1967)
11 September 1944 26 January 1945 137 days Independent JVvO
Ivan Šubašić
Šubašić, IvanIvan Šubašić
(1892–1955)
Acting
26 January 1945 7 March 1945 40 days HSS none

National Committee for the Liberation of Yugoslavia (1943–1945)

No. Portrait Commissioner for Defence Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch
1
Josip Broz Tito
Tito, Josip BrozMarshal of Yugoslavia
Josip Broz Tito
(1892–1980)
29 November 1943 7 March 1945 1 year, 98 days SKJ NOV i POJ

SFR Yugoslavia (1945–1992)

The Federal Secretary of People's Defence of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian, Croatian, Serbian, Macedonian: Savezni sekretar za narodnu odbranu SFRJ, Cyrillic: Савезни секретар за народну одбрану СФРЈ) was that country's defence minister during its existence from 1945 to 1992. He was the head of the Federal Secretariat of People's Defence (Savezni sekretarijat za narodnu odbranu - SSNO) and it was the most effective military person, while the Chief of the General Staff of the Yugoslav People's Army (which was the formational part of SSNO) was the most professional and staff body.

It was the part of the Federal Executive Council (Federal Government).

No. Portrait Federal Secretary of People's Defence Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch
1
Josip Broz Tito
Tito, Josip BrozMarshal of Yugoslavia
Josip Broz Tito
(1892–1980)
[h]
7 March 1945 14 January 1953 7 years, 313 days SKJ  Ground Forces
2
Ivan Gošnjak
Gošnjak, IvanGeneral of the Army
Ivan Gošnjak
(1909–1980)
[i]
14 January 1953 18 May 1967 14 years, 124 days SKJ  Ground Forces
3
Nikola Ljubičić
Ljubičić, NikolaGeneral of the Army
Nikola Ljubičić
(1916–2005)
[j]
18 May 1967 5 May 1982 14 years, 352 days SKJ  Ground Forces
4
Branko Mamula
Mamula, BrankoAdmiral
(when appointed)
Admiral of the Fleet
(since 1983)
Branko Mamula
(born 1921)
[k]
5 May 1982 15 May 1988 6 years, 10 days SKJ  Navy
5
Veljko Kadijević
Kadijević, VeljkoGeneral of the Army
Veljko Kadijević
(1925–2014)
15 May 1988 8 January 1992 3 years, 235 days SKJ  Ground Forces
Blagoje Adžić
Adžić, BlagojeColonel General
Blagoje Adžić
(1932–2012)
Acting
8 January 1992 27 February 1992 50 days Independent  Ground Forces
Života Panić
Panić, ŽivotaColonel General
Života Panić
(1933–2003)
Acting
27 February 1992 20 May 1992 83 days Independent  Ground Forces

FR Yugoslavia / Serbia and Montenegro (1992–2006)

Following the breakup of Yugoslavia and the secession of four out of six constituent republic in the SFR Yugoslavia the remaining two (Serbia and Montenegro) established a federation in 1992 called the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FR Yugoslavia). This lasted until 2003 when it was reconstituted as a state union called Serbia and Montenegro. In 2006 both countries declared independence and parted ways.

No. Portrait Minister of Defence Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch
1
Milan Panić
Panić, MilanMilan Panić
(born 1929)
14 July 1992 2 March 1993 231 days Independent none
2
Pavle Bulatović
Bulatović, PavlePavle Bulatović
(1948–2000)
2 March 1993 7 February 2000 † 6 years, 342 days DPS
SNP
none
3
Dragoljub Ojdanić
Ojdanić, DragoljubGeneral of the Army
Dragoljub Ojdanić
(1941–2020)
[l]
15 February 2000 4 November 2000 263 days Independent Ground Forces
4
Slobodan Krapović
Krapović, SlobodanSlobodan Krapović
(born 1948)
4 November 2000 29 January 2002 1 year, 86 days SNP none
5
Velimir Radojević
Radojević, VelimirVelimir Radojević
(born 1956)
29 January 2002 17 March 2003 1 year, 47 days SNP none
6
Boris Tadić
Tadić, BorisBoris Tadić
(born 1958)
[m]
17 March 2003 16 April 2004 1 year, 30 days DS none
7
Prvoslav Davinić
Davinić, PrvoslavPrvoslav Davinić
(born 1938)
16 April 2004 21 October 2005 1 year, 188 days G17 Plus none
8
Zoran Stanković
Stanković, ZoranMajor General of the Sanitation (Ret'd)
Zoran Stanković
(born 1954)
21 October 2005 4 June 2006 226 days Independent Ground Forces
(Ret'd)

Standards

See also

Copyright