Amir Husain Al-Kurdi

Amir Husain Al-Kurdi, (أمیر حسین الکردي), named the Mirocem or Mir-Hocem or Mihir Hussain [1] by the Portuguese, was a governor of the city of Jeddah[2] in the Red Sea, then part of the Egyptian Mamluk Sultanate, in early 16th century. He stood out as admiral of the Mamluk fleet fought by the forces of the Portuguese Empire in the Indian Ocean.[3] Shortly after the arrival of the Portuguese to the Indian sea, Mirocem was sent by the last Mamluk Sultan, Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri, to defend his interests in the sea, including the defense of the fleets of Muslim pilgrims to Mecca, then part of the sultanate.

In 1508, he joined Malik Ayyaz, an admiral from Gujarat, as leader of the Mamluk fleet at the battle of Chaul, where they faced and defeated the fleet of Lourenço de Almeida, son of the Portuguese viceroy of India, D. Francisco de Almeida. Following this battle, he was fiercely fought by the viceroy himself, who in 1509 invested and won the Battle of Diu seeking Mirocem to avenge the death of his son and free the Portuguese prisoners made at Chaul in 1508.

Together with the Ottoman fleet of Selman Reis, Husain successfully defended Jeddah in 1517 from the Portuguese fleets of Lopo Soares de Albergaria, soon before the fall of the Mamluk regime.[4]

References

  1. ^ The book of Duarte Barbosa By Duarte Barbosa, Fernão de Magalhães, Mansel Longworth Dames
  2. ^ Kuzhippalli Skaria Mathew, Portuguese trade with India in the sixteenth century, p.39, Manohar, 1983
  3. ^ Fernão Lopes de Castanheda, "História do Descobrimento e Conquista da India pelos Portugueses", p.12
  4. ^ Casale, Giancarlo (25 February 2010). The Ottoman Age of Exploration. ISBN 978-0-19-979879-7.


Copyright