Mohammed Al-Ghabban

Mohammed Al-Ghabban
محمد الغبّان
Drmohammedghabban.jpg
Minister of Interior
In office
18 October 2014 – 8 July 2016
Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi
Preceded by Nouri al-Maliki
Succeeded by Qasim al-Araji
Member of the Parliament
In office
1 September 2018 – Present
Personal details
Born 1961 (age 58–59)
Baghdad,[1] Iraq
Other political
affiliations
Fatah Alliance
Alma mater University of London

Mohammed Salem Al-Ghabban (Arabic: محمد سالم الغبان, born 1961[1] in Karrada-Baghdad) is an Iraqi politician and the former Minister of Interior.

Al-Ghabban was first elected to the Iraqi Council of Representatives in 2014 as representative for Baghdad. As member of the State of Law Coalition he went on to be appointed Minister of Interior and was sworn in on 18 October 2014.[2] He was in office until 8 July 2016. On September 2018 he was elected as an MP for Baghdad region in the Iraqi Parliament's 4th term. Currently he's the Head of the Fatah Alliance bloc in the Iraqi Parliament [3][4][5] and member of the Foreign Committee.

Al-Ghabban, who speaks English, graduated from high school in Baghdad in 1979 with a diploma in Modern Management. In 1996, he earned a bachelor's degree in English Studies from Allameh Tabataba'i University. In 2006, he obtained a master's degree in Islamic Studies from the University of London (Birkbeck). In 2018 he received his doctorate degree in Political Sciences from the University of Tehran.

Posts

  • 2006–2010 ----- Director of the Office to the Chairman of Security and Defence Committee
  • 2007–2010 ----- Adviser to Presidency Council of Iraq
  • 2010–2014 ----- Adviser to Minister of Transport
  • 2014–2014 ----- Member of Iraqi Parliament (3rd term)
  • 2014–2016 ----- Iraq Minister of Interior
  • 2017–2018 ----- Adviser to PMF office
  • 2018-2019 ----- Member of the Security and Defence Committee of Iraqi Parliament[6]
  • 2018–present ----- Member of Iraqi Parliament (4th term) [7]
  • 2019–present ----- Member of the Foreign Relations Committee of Iraqi Parliament [8]
  • 2019–present ----- Head of the parliamentary bloc for Fatah Alliance in the Iraqi Parliament [3][4][5]

Political career

Al-Ghabban joined the Iraqi opposition in 1981 after his detention by Saddam's regime in 1979.[9] He actively participated in various activities of the opposition against the former regime whilst in Iraq and in exile.[9] He returned to Iraq shortly after the fall of the former regime, and participated in numerous political initiatives to rebuild what was destroyed by the previous regime.[9] From 2006 to 2010, he was the director of the private office to the Chairman of the Security and Defense committee of the Council of Representatives. In 2010, he was adviser to the Office of Presidency. Post 2010 elections, he was nominated for the post of Minister of Transport. From 2010 to 2014 he was the adviser to the Minister of Transport.[10] In 2014, he was elected member of the Iraqi Council of Representatives (3rd term) for the province of Baghdad. In October 2014, Al-Ghabban was nominated for the post of Minister of Interior. On 18 October 2014 he won the majority vote at the council of representatives and approved as minister of interior by a 197-63 vote.[2][11][12] On 5 July 2016, two days after the Baghdad bombing in which 323 civilians died, he resigned in protest at the imbalance in the management of the internal security file and stripping the Ministry of the Interior of its powers by intersection of security authorities.[13][14]

As Minister of Interior

During his tenure as Minister of Interior, Al-Ghabban worked to identify priorities in the strategic plan for the advancement of the Ministry and to improve the performance of the security services. In less than two years, he managed to initiate some of the most strenuous projects including but not limited to:

  • Building the Iraqi Federal Police forces and developing their combat capabilities, arming and re-training.[15] This was reflected in their overwhelming performance and role in the battles against Daesh; of which liberation of key cities such as Fallujah[16] and Mosul[17] was the most prominent.
  • Implementation of the Iraqi national ID card project which was stalled for decades.[18]
  • Priming and qualifying the Interior Ministry to assume its responsibility of national security by working with the Joint Higher Committees at the Ministry of Defense, the Joint Operations Command and the National Security Advisers. (Since 2003, responsibility and management of Iraq's national/ interior security is directly aligned under the Prime Minister via the Joint Operations Command (Arabic: العمليات المشتركة في العراق), the Interior Ministry is currently (April 2018) absolved from this authority[19][20]).

References

  1. ^ a b "Iraq: i profili dei ministri nominati dal parlamento (2)" (in Italian). Agenzia Nova. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Iraq crisis: MPs complete anti-IS government". BBC. BBC.com. 18 October 2014. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Al-Fath Alliance chooses Mohammad al-Ghabban as its parliamentary bloc and Adnan Fihan as his deputy". nenosplace.forumotion.com. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
  4. ^ a b "العراق .. تغييرات في رئاسة الكتلة النيابية لتحالف الفتح". alkawthartv.com | قناة الکوثر (in Arabic). Retrieved 2019-07-18.
  5. ^ a b "تحالف الفتح يختار "محمد الغبان" رئيساً لكتلته النيابية و"عدنان فيحان" نائباً له". اخبار العراق الان. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
  6. ^ "Iraq Parliament".
  7. ^ "Iraqi Parliament Members' list". parliament.iq.
  8. ^ "Iraqi Parliament".
  9. ^ a b c "CV of Interior Minister Mohammed Salem AL-Ghabban". Al-Ghadeer Satellite Channel (in Arabic). Retrieved 6 March 2015.
  10. ^ "Iraq's Prime Minister Reshuffles the Security Commanders". Institute for the Study of War Iraq Updates. 14 November 2014. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
  11. ^ "Iraq lawmakers approve ministers to complete formation of government". Global News. 18 October 2014. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
  12. ^ "After Delay, Iraq Appoints Two to Posts for Security". New York Times. 18 October 2014. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
  13. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2016/07/08/world/middleeast/ap-ml-iraq.html
  14. ^ "rudaw.net". rudaw.net. Retrieved 2018-04-05.
  15. ^ "Iraq, 900 new police officers trained by Italian Carabinieri | ItalyUN". onuitalia.com. Archived from the original on 2018-04-06. Retrieved 2018-04-06.
  16. ^ "Iraqi Forces 'Liberate' Villages From ISIS During Fallujah Offensive". NBC News. Retrieved 2018-04-06.
  17. ^ "Iraq federal police Mosul".
  18. ^ Shafaaq. "Ghabban announces agreeing with Kurdistan region on the unified card project". Shafaq. Archived from the original on 2018-04-06. Retrieved 2018-04-06.
  19. ^ Hameed, Saif. "Iraqi PM dismisses top Baghdad security officials after huge bombing". U.S. Retrieved 2018-04-06.
  20. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.com. Retrieved 2018-04-06.

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