Morbihan

Morbihan
Mor-Bihan  (Breton)
Prefecture building of the Morbihan department, in Vannes
Prefecture building of the Morbihan department, in Vannes
Flag of Morbihan
Coat of arms of Morbihan
Location of Morbihan in France
Location of Morbihan in France
Map of Morbihan
Map of Morbihan
Coordinates: 47°50′N 02°50′W / 47.833°N 2.833°W / 47.833; -2.833Coordinates: 47°50′N 02°50′W / 47.833°N 2.833°W / 47.833; -2.833
Country France
Region Brittany
Prefecture Vannes
Subprefectures Lorient
Pontivy
Government
 • President of the General Council François Goulard
Area
1
 • Total 6,823 km2 (2,634 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total 747,548
 • Rank 31st
 • Density 110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 56
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 21
Communes 250
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Morbihan (/ˈmɔːrbiən/; French pronunciation: ​[mɔʁbi(j)ɑ̃]; Breton: Mor-Bihan, [ˈmoːrˈbiː(h)ãn]) is a department in the administrative region of Brittany, situated in the northwest of France. It is named after the Morbihan (small sea in Breton), the enclosed sea that is the principal feature of the coastline. It is noted for its Carnac stones, which predate and are more extensive than the Stonehenge monument in Wiltshire, England.

Three major military educational facilities are located in Guer, including École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr, the national military academy for officers.

History

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1801 401,215 —    
1821 416,224 +0.18%
1831 433,522 +0.41%
1841 447,898 +0.33%
1851 478,172 +0.66%
1861 486,504 +0.17%
1876 506,573 +0.27%
1881 521,614 +0.59%
1891 544,470 +0.43%
1901 564,000 +0.35%
1921 556,047 −0.07%
1936 542,000 −0.17%
1946 506,884 −0.67%
1954 520,966 +0.34%
1962 530,833 +0.23%
1968 541,000 +0.32%
1975 563,588 +0.59%
1982 590,889 +0.68%
1990 619,723 +0.60%
1999 643,293 +0.42%
2006 693,498 +1.08%
2016 747,548 +0.75%
source:[1]

Morbihan is one of the original 83 departments created on 4 March 1790 during the French Revolution. It was created from a part of the Duchy of Brittany.

In 1945 cadets from École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr, France's foremost military academy for officers, were relocated to Camp Coëtquidan (Camp de Coëtquidan) in Guer. This has been developed to include also the École militaire interarmes (inter-services military school), for non-commissioned officers; and École Militaire du Corps Technique et Administratif (military school of the technical and administrative corps).

Geography

Morbihan, part of the region of Brittany, is surrounded by the departments of Finistère, Côtes-d'Armor, Ille-et-Vilaine, and Loire-Atlantique, and the Atlantic Ocean on the southwest.

The Gulf of Morbihan has many islands: 365 according to legend. There are actually between 30 and 40, depending on how they are counted. There are also many islets that are too small for any development. Of these islands, all but two are privately owned: l'Île-aux-Moines and l'Île-d'Arz. Owners of the others include movie stars, fashion designers, and other wealthy "glitterati".

In the department of Morbihan, but outside the Gulf, there are four inhabited islands:

Meaban, an island just outside the Port du Crouesty, is an ornithological reserve. Visitors are forbidden there.

The largest towns in Morbihan are Vannes and Lorient.

Art and culture

Many residents support maintenance and use of the Breton language, and there are numerous advocates of bilingual education.

The painter Raymond Wintz (1884–1956) depicted locations around the Gulf of Morbihan.

Governance

As of 2014, the préfet of Morbihan is Jean-François Savy, previously head of the Prefectures of Ardennes and of Hautes-Alpes.[2]

Politics

Current National Assembly Representatives

Tourism

See also

References

  1. ^ Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  2. ^ "Le préfet du Morbihan". Morbihan Prefecture website.
  3. ^ Assemblée Nationale. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblee-nationale.fr. Retrieved 2019-09-04.

External links

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