Muhammad Abdel Moneim
|Muhammad Abdel Moneim|
|Prince of Egypt and Sudan|
|Crown Prince of Egypt and Sudan|
|Heirdom||20 February 1899 – 19 December 1914|
|Predecessor||Mohammed Ali Tewfik|
|Successor||Fuad I of Egypt|
|Regent of Egypt and Sudan|
|Regency||26 July 1952 – 18 June 1953|
|Born||(1899-02-20)20 February 1899
Montaza Palace, Alexandria, Egypt
|Died||1 December 1979(1979-12-01) (aged 80)
Ortaköy, Istanbul, Turkey
|Issue||Prince Abbas Hilmi
|Father||Abbas II of Egypt|
Damat Prince Muhammad Abdel Moneim Beyefendi (20 February 1899 – 1 December 1979) was an Egyptian prince and former heir apparent to the throne of Egypt and Sudan from 1899 to 1914. Upon the abdication of King Farouk following the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, he served as Regent for King Ahmed Fuad II until the declaration of the Republic of Egypt and abolition of the Egyptian and Sudanese monarchy in 1953.
Prince Muhammad Abdul Moneim was born at the Montaza Palace, near Alexandria. His father Abbas II was the reigning Khedive and so Muhammad Abdul Moneim became heir apparent upon his birth and was given the title of Hereditary Prince. He was educated at Fribourg, Switzerland. Following the Ottoman Empire's entry into World War I, Muhammad Abdul Moneim's father Abbas II was deposed by Britain on 18 December 1914 for supporting the Ottomans in the War. His father was replaced on the throne by his uncle Hussein Kamel, bypassing Muhammad Abdul Moneim who was now demoted in the line of succession. He was created His Highness in 1922. He served as President of the Egyptian Olympic Committee from 1934 until 1938. In 1939 he was appointed President of the Arab delegation to the Palestine Conference in London in 1939.
Following the abdication of King Farouk, Muhammad Abdul Moneim served as Chairman of the Council of Egyptian Regency from 26 July 1952 to 18 June 1953 for the infant King Fuad II, being created His Royal Highness in 1952. The regency came to an end when Major General Muhammad Naguib took power and declared Egypt a republic, ending the rule of the Muhammad Ali Dynasty.
Muhammad Abdul Moneim married his third cousin Princess Fatma Neslişah Osmanoğlu Sultan (4 February 1921 – 2 April 2012) at the Heliopolis Palace, Cairo, on September 26, 1940. She was a daughter of Prince Şehzade Omer Faruk (1898–1969/1971) and his first wife and cousin, Princess Rukiye Sabiha Sultan (1894–1971). Fatma Neslişah was also paternal granddaughter of the last Ottoman Caliph Abdülmecid II by his first wife and maternal granddaughter of the last Ottoman Sultan and Caliph Mehmed VI by his first wife.
Muhammad Abdul Moneim and Fatma Neslişah had two children:
- Prince Sultanzade Abbas Hilmi (b. 16 October 1941 in Cairo), married in Istanbul on 1 June 1969 to Mediha Momtaz (b. 12 May 1945 in Cairo), and has one daughter and one son:
- Princess İkbal Hilmi Abdulmunim Hanımsultan (b. 22 December 1944), unmarried and without issue
Titles from birth
- 20 February 1899 – 18 December 1914: His Highness The Hereditary Prince of Egypt and Sudan
- 18 December 1914 – 23 July 1952: His Highness Prince Muhammad Abdul Moneim of Egypt and Sudan
- 23 July 1952 – 1 December 1979: His Royal Highness Prince Muhammad Abdul Moneim of Egypt and Sudan
Cabinet of Egypt
assuming the powers of infant King Fuad II
| Regent of Egypt and Sudan
with Bahey El Din Barakat Pasha
as sole Prince regent
as Chairman of a 3-member Regency Body
| Prince regent