Muscle of Love

Muscle of Love
Studio album by
Released November 20, 1973
Recorded 1973
Studio Sunset Sound, Hollywood; Record Plant, New York and The Cooper Mansion, Greenwich, Connecticut
Genre Hard rock, glam rock, art rock
Length 39:31
Label Warner Bros.
Producer Jack Richardson, Jack Douglas
Alice Cooper chronology
Billion Dollar Babies
Muscle of Love
Greatest Hits

Muscle of Love is the seventh and final studio album by rock band Alice Cooper, released in 1973.


Cooper stated in an interview at the time of recording that the album marked a return to a basic rock sound. "It's not complicated in any sense and there's not a lot of theatricality on it. It's very basic rock and roll throughout." Cooper further explained, "Billion Dollar Babies was a studio effort all the way. So was School's Out. It was just so clean that after a few times of hearing it myself, it had no mystery to it. I really wanted this one to have more guts to it. More balls."[1]

Muscle of Love is the first Alice Cooper album without Bob Ezrin as producer since the pre-stardom Easy Action. The explanation given at the time was that Ezrin was recovering from illness.[1] However, bassist Dennis Dunaway revealed in a 2011 interview that the band split with the producer during an acrimonious rehearsal in which guitarist Michael Bruce stood up to Ezrin and refused to change the arrangement of "Woman Machine".[2] Jack Richardson and Jack Douglas stepped in to share co-production duties. Author Bob Greene described his participation in the album's recording sessions, and his experiences touring with the band, in his 1974 book Billion Dollar Baby.

Dunaway recalled the album sessions as being very difficult. "The problems on that album were that we could tell that everything was being pulled out from underneath us. As hard as we tried to get it back to where it once was, we had that sinking feeling going on. We wanted to rekindle what the band was about but there was just too much exhaustion by then."[2]

Lyrical content

In a contemporary interview with Circus magazine, Cooper said that a loose concept of "urban sex habits" developed during the album's recording.[3] The title of "Big Apple Dreamin' (Hippo)' refers to the Hippopotamus club of New York City which the band used to frequent.[4] "Never Been Sold Before" is the retort of a prostitute to the man she is supporting,[3] and the title track is, according to Cooper, about "sexual awakenings". "It's about the kid who just learned how to masturbate, and what all those dirty books his father used to hide are all about."[3] "Woman Machine" is a science fiction-themed song dating back to the band's early years[2] and is, as Cooper explained, "basically a chauvinistic song. It's about a female robot, like Julie Newmar was on that TV program with Bob Cummings. If we had women robots, they could do anything, even sexual things, just by changing their tubes."[3]

Not all of the songs have a sexual theme; "Crazy Little Child" tells the story of a youth criminal, and in "Teenage Lament '74", a teenager fails to find happiness even when doing everything to try to be "hip".[3] "Man With the Golden Gun" was written with the intention of having it appear on the soundtrack of the then-upcoming James Bond film of the same name. Cooper recalled in a 2011 interview:

It was supposed to be the Bond theme, but it actually came in a day too late, and by the time they heard it, they'd already signed for Lulu's song. I went, "You're gonna take Lulu over this?" [Laughs.] 'Cause it was perfect for The Man With The Golden Gun. It had helicopters, it had machine guns—it had the Pointer Sisters, Ronnie Spector, and Liza Minnelli doing background vocals! We went to every single one of those John Barry albums to try and invent the perfect James Bond song, and even Christopher Lee, who played Scaramanga in the movie, said, "Oh, man, why did we take the Lulu song? This song is the one!" [Laughs.] So, yeah, we lost out on that one, but I still put it on the album. I said, "I don't care, I'm going to do a James Bond track no matter what."[5]


Though credited as lead guitarist on Muscle of Love, Glen Buxton was "not invited" to play on the album according to drummer Neal Smith, Cooper, and others. His inclusion in the liner notes was mainly due to management's concerns about the band's image with fans. Smith stated the absence was due to "problems that Glen was having with the demons of rock and roll at that particular time ... really, Billion Dollar Babies and Muscle of Love, Glen didn't really play on the (latter) album. By hook or by crook, the albums had to be put out."[6] The band sought out other guitar players to fill in, including Dick Wagner and fellow Cortez High School alum Mick Mashbir.

There is an additional suggestion that a session drummer was used on part of the album. Band member Michael Bruce refers, in his autobiography, to producer Jack Douglas bringing in a drummer specifically to play on "Crazy Little Child".[7] This report is given some added support by the claims of session drummer Allan Schwartzberg, who says he played on several tracks.[8]


In place of the usual record jacket, the original LP was packaged in a shallow corrugated cardboard carton, with a "stain" intentionally printed along the bottom. On the inner sleeve, the band members appear dressed as sailors. In the "before" daytime shot, they are about to enter a nude wrestling emporium; in the "after" nighttime shot on the other side of the sleeve, they appear beaten and sprawled out on the street, having been thrown out of the club.[2] The front of the album cover design agency Pacific Eye & Ear was temporarily redecorated to serve as the setting for the photo session.[3]

The original release also included a paper "book cover" sheet that could be folded and used as a book jacket. A photo on the sheet depicts the band members in their sailor uniforms looking dejected while peeling potatoes.

Reception and chart performance

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 2.5/5 stars link
Christgau's Record Guide C[9]
Rolling Stone (mixed) [1]

Muscle of Love received an uneven reception from critics. Writing in Rolling Stone, Lenny Kaye gave the album a mixed review, describing its content as "hit-or-miss" and believing that the group had lost focus with regard to its musical direction.[10] Phonographic Record published a negative review and suggested that the group had been unable to overcome the loss of Ezrin.[11] Creem, however, gave the album a positive review, calling it "a magnificent effort".[12]

Although Muscle of Love went to No. 10 on the Billboard 200 and earned a gold certification, it was considered something of a commercial disappointment in light of its predecessor Billion Dollar Babies having reached No. 1 and attaining platinum.[13]

Muscle of Love's songs have been rarities at Alice Cooper's subsequent concerts: apart from the title track (performed erratically in 1989, 1997 and since 2004)[14] plus four performances of "Teenage Lament '74" in 1996 and 2004,[15] nothing from Muscle of Love has been performed since 1974. "Never Been Sold Before", "Crazy Little Child", "Man with the Golden Gun" and "Woman Machine" have never been performed live.


The song "Muscle of Love" was covered by Fireball Ministry for their 2001 FMEP release. "Teenage Lament '74" was covered by Big Country on their 2001 covers album Undercover, and by Tyla on the 1993 Various Artists tribute album Welcome to Our Nightmare. "Hard Hearted Alice" was covered by Chris Connelly on the Mutations: A Tribute to Alice Cooper compilation.

Track listing


Alice Cooper band


Additional musicians from the LP liner notes:


Album - Billboard (United States)

Year Chart Position
1973 Pop Albums 10

Singles - Billboard (United States)

Year Single Chart Position
1973 "Teenage Lament '74" Pop Singles 48
1974 "Muscle of Love" Pop Singles -


  1. ^ a b Crowe, Cameron (1973). "A Chat With Alice". Circular Magazine (promo). Warner Brothers.
  2. ^ a b c d Wright, Jeb. "Interview: Dennis Dunaway". Archived from the original on 15 March 2012. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Gaines, Steven (January 1974). "Alice Cooper's 'Muscle of Love' - A Shocking Course in Pop Sex". Circus: 4–9.
  4. ^ "Muscle of Love". Sick Things UK. Archived from the original on 5 December 2010. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
  5. ^ Harris, Will (December 8, 2011). "Set List: Alice Cooper". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
  6. ^ Rodgers, Larry (March 8, 2011). "Rock lifestyle caught up with Cooper guitarist Glen Buxton". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved April 20, 2018.
  7. ^ No More Mr Nice Guy (Michael Bruce & Billy James, 2018)
  8. ^ "Bob Ezrin's favourite ghost: Allan Schwartzberg".
  9. ^ Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: C". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved February 23, 2019 – via
  10. ^ Kaye, Lenny (January 17, 1974). "Alice Cooper: The Motor Cools Down". Rolling Stone. Straight Arrow Publishers, Inc. (152): 49.
  11. ^ Fowley, Kim (January 1974). "Muscle of Love Album Review". Phonographic Record.
  12. ^ "Alice Cooper: Muscle of Love". Creem. March 1974.
  13. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2006). The Billboard Albums, 6th Edition. Record Research Inc. p. 237.
  14. ^ Alice Cooper Setlists; 'Muscle of Love'
  15. ^ Alice Cooper Setlist; 'Teenage Lament '74'