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Museo de la Naturaleza y Arqueología
|Location||Fuente Morales Street, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain|
|Key holdings||Guanche culture items, mummies, Zanata Stone, amphora|
|Director||Rafael González Antón|
|Public transit access||Station Foundation, Tenerife Tram|
|Website||Museo de la Naturaleza y el Hombre|
Museo de la Naturaleza y Arqueología (MUNA), (English: Museum of Nature and Archeology, formerly Spanish: Museo de Ciencias Naturales, Spanish: Museo de la Naturaleza y el Hombre) is a museum-based in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Tenerife, (Canary Islands, Spain). It contains many significant archaeological finds and is considered the best repository of objects from the Pre-Castilian Canary Islands. The museum also houses significant paleontological, botanical, entomological, and marine and terrestrial vertebrate collections, and is considered the best Natural Library of the Canary Islands.
Museo de la Naturaleza y el Hombre integrates the Archaeological Museum of Tenerife, the Bioantropología's Canary Institute and the Museum of Natural Sciences of Tenerife. The museum is located in the downtown area of Santa Cruz, in the former Civil Hospital, a building that constitutes an example of the neoclassical architecture of Canary Islands. The archaeological section was founded in 1958.
The museum holds the largest collection on the culture of the Guanche and also has one of the most modern methods of presentation of mummies, (announced in 2006 by the Cabildo de Tenerife through a communique). It is also an internationally renowned museum and has participated in international meetings on archeology, but its fame is mainly due to its formidable collection of Guanche mummies. It is also regarded as the most important museum of Macaronesia.
Founded in 1958 with funds from the Section of Archeology and Anthropology Museum of the City of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, its first director was Luis Diego Cuscoy, who brought together a unique collection of archaeological material and human remains from the prehistory of Tenerife. During the sixties, funds were raised to add to the collections, including ethnographic and archeological materials from Africa and Pre-Columbian America. At present the museum exhibits prehistoric archaeological remains both from Tenerife and the rest of the Canary Islands as well as other cultures.
On permanent exhibition is a gallery dedicated to the archaeology and the funeral rituals of the aboriginal world. Displayed are the museums collection of skeletal and mummified remains of the original inhabitants of the Canary Islands, the Guanches, along with objects buried in the royal tombs of their kings, the Menceyes. Among the best preserved mummies are that of the Mummy of San Andrés, as well as the renowned Guanche mummies of Necochea.
The museum also exhibits a fine collection of ceramics and fossils of prehistoric animals both of Canaries and of the rest of the world, such as the giant lizard of Tenerife (Gallotia goliath), the Tenerife Giant Rat (Canariomys bravoi), the Tenerife giant tortoise (Geochelone burchardi), megalodon shark tooth and fossil remains of trilobites, etc.
The museum features a formidable collection of mummies, ornaments, models of aboriginal settlements and pottery. The history uncovered ranges from the beginnings of the Guanche culture to the Conquest of the Canary Islands. Some of its key parts are:
- Guanche mummies – among which the famous Mummy of San Andrés
- Zanata Stone – rock with Berber-Punic inscriptions)
- Guanche ceramics and personal items
- Mediterranean and Aegean amphoras found on the shores of the Canary Islands
- Thirteen Egyptian ceramics dated to 5700 years old, one of which is the oldest piece of this civilization in a Spanish museum.
Participation in projects
In 1992 the Museum of Nature and Man participated in an international research project on mummies (called PROJECT CRONOS), with a global exhibition of mummies. For this reason, the Museum of Nature and Man is a world reference in regard to preservation of mummies.
The Archaeological Museum of Tenerife took part in the Great Exhibition on mummies in 2010 which was held in Granada (Spain). The exhibition feature pieces from various civilizations and geographical environments including the 8000-year-old American "Chinchorro". There was also be a representation of the sarcophagi of Egypt, the arid zones of the Andes, the marshes of Denmark, the "men of the ice" (like the mummy Ötzi), which appear from time to time in the cemeteries of Spanish and Guanche mummies in the museum.
Between 2014 and 2016 he held a similar exhibition entitled Momias, testigos del pasado (Mummies, witnesses of the past), held in the Parque de las Ciencias de Granada in Andalusia. This time the Archaeological Museum of Tenerife contributed to sample two Guanche mummies and other archaeological artifacts. As before, this exhibition was also mummified from various parts of the world and various ancient cultures remains.
Meanwhile in 2015, the main state television of South Korea, is the Korean Broadcasting System (KBS), filmed the Guanche mummies museum, which will be included in a documentary titled "The Next Human", part a scientific project which aims to show the evolution of the human being through the findings of its own DNA.
In the summer of 2015 a documentary was also filmed in the museum premises. The "Misterio Adventura" program of Italian television.
Between December 2017 and June 2018, the museum hosted the exhibition "Athanatos. Inmortal. Muerte e inmortalidad en las poblaciones del pasado". It gathered examples of Egyptian, Andean, Muisca, Asian mummies, aboriginal mummies of Tenerife and Gran Canaria, and other elements related to funeral rituals. This initiative also included an extraordinary world congress of studies on mummies, as well as a research project. This congress counted with some of the best specialists in mummies worldwide, among them: Albert Zink, who studies Ötzi's mummy; Niels Lynnerup, researcher of the Bog body of northern Europe; Salima Ikram, specialist in ancient Egyptian animal mummies; Guido Lombardi, researcher of Inca mummies, etc. The exhibition commemorates the 25th anniversary of the PROJECT CRONOS, which gave the first mummies exhibition held internationally in Tenerife in February 1992, as well as the first world congress on studies on mummies.
In November 2018, the Museum of Nature and Man officially changed its name to the Museum of Nature and Archeology, deleting the word "Man" to make it more inclusive with society. However, it is still better known by its old name.
- "Ocio, museos y parques temáticos en Tenerife (in Spanish)". Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
- "Museo de la Naturaleza y el Hombre – News (in Spanish)". Archived from the original on 19 February 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2009.
- Cultural sites in Santa Cruz de Tenerife (in Spanish)
- El viejo hospital cede su espacio a las momias
- Vasijas de 5.700 años en Tenerife (in Spanish)
- Two Guanche mummies come back to Tenerife from Necochea (in Spanish)
- "Chains of American and Japanese television filmed at the Museum of Nature and Man (in Spanish)". Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
- Great Exhibition on mummies 2010 (in Spanish)
- La exposición «Momias. Testigos del pasado» se amplía hasta 2016
- Los ´nuevos´ guanches del Museo
- Una cadena coreana graba imágenes de las momias guanches del MNH para un documental
- Un programa de la televisión italiana dedica un reportaje a las momias del MNH
- "Athanatos" expone en Tenerife momias y elementos funerarios de todo el mundo
- Canarias presume de momias en el congreso ‘Atanathos’
- 'Athanatos' muestra en Tenerife los ritos funerarios de todo el mundo
- El Museo de la Naturaleza y el Hombre recibe a Stephen Hawking
- El Museo de la Naturaleza y el Hombre pasa a ser MUNA para evitar términos machistas
- Media related to Museo de la Naturaleza y el Hombre at Wikimedia Commons
- Independent Organ of Tenerife Museums and Centers.
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