Mushroom Kingdom

Mushroom Kingdom
Mario location
Wii Games Summer 2010 - Mario's Kid Zone (4975313325).jpg
A playing area inspired by the landscape and features of the Mushroom Kingdom was set up at Wii Games Summer 2010.
First appearance Super Mario Bros.
Created by Shigeru Miyamoto
Genre Video game
Type Principality
Ruler Princess Peach
Race(s) Various
Notable locations Peach's Castle
Mario's House
Toad Town
Bowser's Castle
Population Middling[1]

The Mushroom Kingdom (キノコ王国, Kinoko Ōkoku) is a principality in Nintendo's Mario series. The Mushroom Kingdom is a location from the Mario franchise[2] which is the setting of most main-series Mario games though it is presented very inconsistently throughout the series. It is uncertain if many areas in the Mario franchise are part of the Mushroom Kingdom or the larger Mario universe. There is no established canon regarding the topography of the Mario world.[3]


Government and politics

The Mushroom Kingdom is a principality ruled by Princess Peach as head of state.[4][5][6] In the instruction manual of Super Mario Bros. in 1985, Peach appears for the first time and is depicted as the princess of the kingdom.[7] Toadsworth is Princess Peach's steward.[8]


Different species live within the Mushroom Kingdom.[9][4] A minority of humans like Princess Peach, Mario and Luigi live in the kingdom.[10] The land is essentially populated by Toads,[9] but also Yoshis alongside Goombas,[11] Koopas, Boos and other species which reside on Peach's territory.


The kingdom's most famous currency is the Coin which appears in several games throughout the Mario franchise.[12] The coins can be in the form of several colors, and they do not have the same value.


Princess Peach's Castle

Princess Peach's Castle (simply called Peach's castle in some installments) is a large Central European-style red-and-white castle decorated with a stained-glass above the main doors representing the princess. It remains the a landmark of the Mario franchise.[13]

Inhabited by the princess and her Toad retainers, the castle first appeared in-game in Princess Toadstool’s Castle Run (1990) but was really depicted in Super Mario RPG (1996) and served as the central hub in Super Mario 64. The design of the castle has remained relatively consistent since and it has appeared in games such as Mario Kart 64, Paper Mario, Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time, Super Mario Galaxy, and Super Mario Odyssey (where it is the Mushroom Kingdom's capital city). It has also appeared in spin-offs, such as the Mario Kart series.

Peach's Castle is generally located in the center of the kingdom. It can serve as the last world or as a headquarter where the player can access different features.[14]

Mario's House

Mario's house[15] (also called Mario Bros.' House) is the home of Mario[16] and his brother Luigi. It is located close from Peach's castle.

Toad Town

Toad Town is the capital of the Mushroom Kingdom as seen in the Paper Mario and Mario & Luigi series. It is generally located next to Peach's castle. Several species reside in the city, in particular Toads.

Bowser's Castle

Bowser's Castle is the abode of Bowser, arch-villain of the Super Mario video games. The castle has often been destroyed and rebuilt and appears different in each game that it appears in. It is usually filled with lava pits, booby traps, and Bowser's minions. Variations on Bowser's Castle appear in nearly every Mario game, and every Mario Kart game features at least one track titled "Bowser's Castle". Sometimes Bowser takes over Peach's castle and makes it look like his own.


A mushroom icon modeled on the Mario power-up.

The Mushroom Kingdom has been revamped several times over the course of the Mario games, similar to the kingdom of Hyrule in The Legend of Zelda series. In Super Mario Bros., for example, the Mushroom Kingdom encompasses 32 different levels of varying terrain. Super Mario Bros. 3 expanded on this concept by adding topography to the kingdom through means of a map screen. The games do not follow these landscape variants exactly, but still are recurring themes in the Mario series. For example, even though Super Mario World was set in Dinosaur Land, its geography was very similar to the Mushroom Kingdom. The paintings that led to the different levels in Super Mario 64 followed this idea as well.

Blogger Natalie Grigson noted that the grassy fields, mountains, waterfalls, and red-and-white mushrooms seen in the area around Princess Peach's Castle best compares to Oslo, Norway.[17]

New Super Mario Bros. U

New Super Mario Bros. U depicts the Mushroom Kingdom as a land composed by 8 worlds[18][19][7] :

  • Peach's Castle: A large Central European-style red-and-white castle surrounded by water and a white wall, with a bridge serving as an access.[20]
  • Acorn Plains: A grassy and mushroomy world with hills and small mountains.[21]
  • Layer-Cake Desert: A dry desert world with several stone statues.[22]
  • Sparkling Waters: An aquatic world with geysers and shipwrecks.[23]
  • Frosted Glacier: A snowy and icy world in a perpetual night full of stars.[24]
  • Soda Jungle: A forest world composed by a deadly purple poison liquid.[25]
  • Rock-Candy Mines: A world composed by high rock mountains.[26]
  • Meringue Clouds: A sky world full of clouds.[27]

Mario + Rabbids Kingdom Battle

Mario + Rabbids Kingdom Battle depicts the Mushroom Kingdom as a land composed by 5 worlds.[28]

  • Peach's Castle: A large Central European-style red-and-white castle surrounded by water, trees and flowers with a white bridge. It serves as the headquarter, notably to allow the player to travel to the other worlds.[29]
  • Ancient Gardens: A grassy world with plains and jungles.[30]
  • Sherbet Desert: A world composed by a sand desert and a snowy and frosty zone.[31]
  • Spooky Trail: A dark zone with falling buildings and abandoned houses.[32]
  • Lava Pit: A world made of rocks and lava where Bowser's Castle is located.[33]


The Mushroom Kingdom consistently features various objects. Dispersed across the land are brown brick blocks and golden "question-mark blocks", which may contain coins or power-ups. The main mode of transportation in the Mushroom Kingdom has been said to be through warp pipes. The range of these warp pipes vary in length: some pipes merely travel a short distance (such as over and underground), while some pipes are linked to entirely different worlds. New warp tools and areas have been introduced in games since including the secret "warp whistle" in Super Mario Bros. 3 and cannons in New Super Mario Bros..

Appearances in other games

The Super Smash Bros. series has thus far included four different arenas based on the Mushroom Kingdom. The original game included the unlockable stage "Mushroom Kingdom" which was graphically based on the original Super Mario Bros.. Super Smash Bros. Melee included a re-vamped "Mushroom Kingdom" which omitted piranha plants and warp pipes from the original stage. A stage titled "Mushroom Kingdom II", based on the setting of Super Mario Bros. 2 (Subcon), was also featured in this game.[citation needed] Super Smash Bros. Brawl includes a level titled "Mushroomy Kingdom", which primarily appears as an abandoned, derelict version of "World 1-1" of Super Mario Bros.[34] In Super Smash Bros. for Wii U, the "Mushroom Kingdom U" stage is based on New Super Mario Bros. U.


The Mushroom Kingdom is depicted as a location from the Mario series.[35] The fictional land will be in the Super Nintendo World park.[36][37] GamesRadar+ wrote a humorous article listing the "Top 7 most disturbing things about the Mushroom Kingdom", listing facts such as "the kingdom's greatest hero is a dumpy plumber", "the political system is a complete mess", and "everything is alive" as examples.[38] Animation Domination High-Def ran a short titled "Real Plumber in Mario World." Game Informer lauded the fact that Super Mario Maker allowed players to "build the Mushroom Kingdom of [their] dreams", writing "since Mario first won the hearts of gamers across the world in the early ‘80s, fans have been sketching up their own ideas for Mario levels on paper and imagining what sort of worlds they could create for the iconic plumber to explore."[39] Theyab Al-Tamimi created a humorous fanbook, "Science of the Mushroom Kingdom", that explored the species of flora in the Mushroom Kingdom; this was later recommended to readers by Kotaku.[40] ScreenRant stated that the Mushroom Kingdom "is a place full of mystery".[41] A fan-created mod of The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim titled Super Skyrim Bros turns the game environment into the Mushroom Kingdom.[42]

See also


  1. ^ Mushroom Kingdom - Super Mario Odyssey Wiki Guide - IGN, retrieved May 12, 2020
  2. ^ "You can play Mario Kart in virtual reality at the O2 this summer". Evening Standard. July 11, 2018. Retrieved May 13, 2020. It’s a multiplayer experience, where up to four people can hop into specially designed 'Mario Karts' to race through the iconic Mushroom Kingdom.
  3. ^ "The Mushroom Kingdom (Location)". Giant Bomb.
  4. ^ a b Hollander Cooper 13 August 2012. "The Top 7... Most disturbing things about the Mushroom Kingdom". GamesRadar+. Retrieved May 12, 2020. Princess Peach Toadstool currently leads the Mushroom Kingdom.
  5. ^ "Mario Kart 8 Players Given Free Access to DLC Character For Today Only". Power Up Gaming. August 21, 2015. Retrieved May 12, 2020. August is National (Princess) #PeachMonth, so tell us what you love about the Mushroom Kingdom’s glorious ruler.
  6. ^ "Learn more about Princess Peach!". Retrieved May 12, 2020. This princess in pink rules over the Mushroom Kingdom.
  7. ^ a b "Super Mario Bros. Instruction Manual" (PDF). November 7, 2011. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 7, 2011. Retrieved May 12, 2020.
  8. ^ "Is Toad Nintendo's First Agender Character?". The Advocate. November 24, 2014. Retrieved May 12, 2020. There's also Toadsworth, the dignified mustachioed elder-stateman.
  9. ^ a b "Super Mario 64: The Game That Ushered In The 3D Era". 25YL. March 4, 2020. Retrieved May 12, 2020. We were able to see new iterations of longstanding enemies such as Goombas, Bullet Bills, and Chain Chomps, whose designs endure to this day.
  10. ^ Contributor, Quora (April 9, 2013). "What Is the Political Situation in the Mario Universe?". Slate Magazine. Retrieved May 12, 2020. The Mushroom Kingdom is currently ruled by Princess Peach, who is a member of the minority human population.
  11. ^ "Super Mario: 10 Things You Didn't Know About The Goomba Enemy". TheGamer. April 20, 2020. Retrieved May 13, 2020. The Goomba creature actually originated within the Mushroom Kingdom
  12. ^ "#15 Princess Peach". Forbes. December 11, 2007. Retrieved May 13, 2020. Mario awarded her a fortune in gold coins.
  13. ^ July 2015, GamesRadar 13. "How Nintendo's most famous castle changed Mario forever". GamesRadar+. Retrieved May 12, 2020.
  14. ^ "Mario + Rabbids: Kingdom Battle - How to Fast Travel". Prima Games. Retrieved September 26, 2020.
  15. ^ Life, Nintendo (September 13, 2016). "Preview: Buckets Of Fun With Paper Mario: Color Splash". Nintendo Life. Retrieved May 13, 2020. The game opens up on a stormy night, as hooded figures approach Mario's house
  16. ^ Dennis, Thomas (October 23, 2016). "Paper Mario: Color Splash Review - Last Hurrah For The Wii U?". Daily Express. Retrieved May 13, 2020. You start the game as Paper Mario welcoming Paper Princess Peach and a Paper Toad into your home on a dark and rainy night.
  17. ^ Grubb, Jeff (July 3, 2013). "Princess Peach's castle is worth nearly $1 billion (if it were real)". VentureBeat.
  18. ^ "New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe': All of the secret exits and world skips". Digital Trends. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  19. ^ Tach, Dave (February 18, 2019). "New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe Star Coins guide". Polygon. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  20. ^ Graeber, Brendan (December 3, 2012). "World 8 Peach's Castle". IGN. Retrieved May 13, 2020. World 8, also known as Peach's Castle, is the last area in the game before the Final Battle.
  21. ^ Sundberg, Kelly Hudson (February 18, 2019). "New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe guide: Acorn Plains Star Coins". Polygon. Retrieved May 13, 2020. Acorn Plains in New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe is a map filled with rolling hills (literally, they roll you backward like a treadmill), moving rocks, and plenty of classic Mario enemies to stomp or avoid.
  22. ^ Sundberg, Kelly Hudson (February 18, 2019). "New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe guide: Layer-Cake Desert Star Coins". Polygon. Retrieved May 13, 2020. Watch out for quicksand! New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe's Layer-Cake Desert is filled with it, plus the enemies you’ve come to expect from Mario desert levels: Pokeys, Fire Snakes, Spikes, and more.
  23. ^ Sundberg, Kelly Hudson (February 18, 2019). "New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe guide: Sparkling Waters Star Coins". Polygon. Retrieved May 13, 2020. Sparkling Waters, as the name in New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe would imply, is a water level
  24. ^ Sundberg, Kelly Hudson (February 18, 2019). "New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe guide: Frosted Glacier Star Coins". Polygon. Retrieved May 13, 2020. Just past two bricks and a question block, you'll see a large icicle hanging ominously.
  25. ^ Sundberg, Kelly Hudson (February 18, 2019). "New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe guide: Soda Jungle Star Coins". Polygon. Retrieved May 13, 2020. BRIDGE OVER POISONED WATER
  26. ^ Sundberg, Kelly Hudson (February 18, 2019). "New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe guide: Rock-Candy Mines Star Coins". Polygon. Retrieved May 13, 2020. Instead of jumping into the water, jump across to the stone ledge.
  27. ^ Sundberg, Kelly Hudson (February 18, 2019). "New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe guide: Meringue Clouds Star Coins". Polygon. Retrieved May 13, 2020. Stay toward the front of the cloud platform
  28. ^ Walkthrough - Mario + Rabbids Kingdom Battle Wiki Guide - IGN, retrieved September 25, 2020
  29. ^ "Peach's Castle Collectible Chests". September 6, 2017. Take the one on the left to reach a lower level leading to a treasure chest under the bridge
  30. ^ "World 1 - Ancient Gardens". August 29, 2017. spanning multiple battlefields across grassy plains, jungles, and a towering pillar of blocks.
  31. ^ "World 2 - Sherbet Desert". September 5, 2017. spanning multiple battlefields across desert landscapes and icy tundras.
  32. ^ "World 3 - Spooky Trails". September 18, 2017. spanning multiple battlefields across spooky haunted graveyards and castles.
  33. ^ "World 4 - Lava Pit". September 19, 2017. spanning multiple battlefields across fiery landscapes and Bowser's Castle.
  34. ^ "Official Site - Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS / Wii U". Archived from the original on 2 March 2008. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  35. ^ Spinner, Kyle (January 23, 2020). "Super Nintendo World coming to Universal's new theme park". WPEC. Retrieved May 13, 2020. Nintendo’s most iconic locations and experiences will be brought to life, including Mushroom Kingdom, Peach’s Castle, an incredible Mario Kart ride, Bowser’s Castle – and more."
  36. ^ Radulovic, Petrana (July 8, 2019). "Everything we know about Super Nintendo World". Polygon. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  37. ^ "First Super Nintendo World theme park will open in 'spring 2020'". MCV/DEVELOP. June 16, 2019. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  38. ^ "The Top 7... Most disturbing things about the Mushroom Kingdom". Games Radar. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  39. ^ "Super Mario Maker". Game Informer. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  40. ^ "'The Science of the Mushroom Kingdom' Explores Super Flora". Kotaku. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  41. ^ "Super Mario: 15 Secrets Hidden In The Mushroom Kingdom". ScreenRant. February 12, 2017. Retrieved May 13, 2020. The Mushroom Kingdom is a place full of mystery. Here are 15 secrets hidden in the Mushroom Kingdom you may not have known about.
  42. ^ "Super Skyrim Bros mod gives Skyrim a Mushroom Kingdom twist". Polygon. Retrieved 1 October 2015.