Mussidan

Mussidan
Crempse River
Crempse River
Coat of arms of Mussidan
Location of Mussidan
Mussidan is located in France
Mussidan
Mussidan
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Mussidan is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Mussidan
Mussidan
Show map of Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Coordinates: 45°02′09″N 0°21′59″E / 45.0358°N 0.3664°E / 45.0358; 0.3664Coordinates: 45°02′09″N 0°21′59″E / 45.0358°N 0.3664°E / 45.0358; 0.3664
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Dordogne
Arrondissement Périgueux
Canton Vallée de l'Isle
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Stéphane Triquart[1]
Area
1
3.85 km2 (1.49 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
2,736
 • Density 710/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
24299 /24400
Elevation 42–106 m (138–348 ft)
(avg. 50 m or 160 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Mussidan (Occitan: Moissida) is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Population

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 1,286 —    
1800 1,176 −8.6%
1806 1,411 +20.0%
1821 1,630 +15.5%
1831 1,700 +4.3%
1836 1,953 +14.9%
1841 1,744 −10.7%
1846 1,862 +6.8%
1851 1,919 +3.1%
1856 2,028 +5.7%
1861 1,917 −5.5%
1866 2,070 +8.0%
1872 1,980 −4.3%
1876 2,062 +4.1%
1881 2,025 −1.8%
1886 2,037 +0.6%
1891 2,206 +8.3%
Year Pop. ±%
1896 2,215 +0.4%
1901 2,284 +3.1%
1906 2,350 +2.9%
1911 2,416 +2.8%
1921 2,453 +1.5%
1926 2,449 −0.2%
1931 2,416 −1.3%
1936 2,653 +9.8%
1946 3,018 +13.8%
1954 3,006 −0.4%
1962 3,024 +0.6%
1968 3,048 +0.8%
1975 3,235 +6.1%
1982 3,236 +0.0%
1990 2,985 −7.8%
1999 2,845 −4.7%
2008 2,837 −0.3%

Roundup of January 16, 1944

On January 16, 1944, 35 hostages were arrested by the Germans for acts of resistance. They were deported to German work camps.[3]

Battle and executions of June 11, 1944

On June 11, 1944, Francs-Tireurs et Partisans[4] destroyed a German armoured train at Mussidan station. During the fight, eight guerrillas and the train guard were killed. At the same time a convoy of the powerful 11th Panzer Division of the Wehrmacht from Bordeaux arrived. The guerrillas were obliged to withdraw. As a reprisal, a detachment of the Gestapo from Périgueux led by Second Lieutenant Michaël Hambrecht, reinforced by a platoon of the Carlingue led by Alexandre Villaplane, head of one of the five sections of the North African Brigade and former captain of the France football team at the 1930 World Cup in Uruguay, 350 men over the age of sixteen from the city and its surroundings were arrested. The village was plundered by the North Africans.[5] In the evening, 47 civilians were shot near the town hall; five others were massacred in the street, including Raoul Grassin, the mayor of the town, and a councillor. Eight boys were under 18. Only two people survived despite their serious injuries. The Mussidan massacre constitutes the largest massacre of civilians committed in the Dordogne during the Second World War, the tenth largest in France. 115 inhabitants were deported.[3]

These sufferings earned Mussidan the award of the 1939-1945 war cross on November 11, 1948, a distinction also awarded to eighteen other municipalities in the Dordogne.[6]

International relations

It is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Histoire de Mussidan". Agenda 2019 de Mussidan. p. 24..
  4. ^ D'après le panneau d'information intitulé Le 11 juin 1944 à Mussidan, parc Voulgre, Mussidan.
  5. ^ Lormier, Dominique (1994). Les FFI au combat. Jacques Grancher. p. 18. ISBN 9782402100120.
  6. ^ "Communes décorées de la Croix de guerre 1939 - 1945" (PDF).


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