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Nation Party of Iran
Party of the Iranian Nation
|Founded||24 October 1951 (1951-10-24)|
|National affiliation||National Front (1951–1979)|
Party of the Iranian Nation or Nation Party of Iran or Iran Nation Party (Persian: حزب ملت ایران) is an opposition party in Iran seeking to establish a secular democracy. Like the rest of the opposition parties, this party is presently banned from public activity in Iran, under the Islamic Regime.
The Party of the Iranian Nation was founded by Dariush Forouhar in 1951 and, at its height, had had more ten thousand active members. The Party of the Iranian Nation, was also one of the primary factions formed under The National Front of Iran, led by Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh, since its inception in 1949.
In the years between 1960 to 1963, Iran's political atmosphere opened, to some extent. The party re-started its public activities, and its student branch became the strongest student organization in the country. After 1963, the party's activities were banned once more until the beginning of the 1979 revolution. After the revolution, the party participated in the interim government, but with the closure of the political space, the opposition once again became banned from its activities. In 1981, several members of the party were imprisoned and executed.
Originally named “The Party of the Iranian Nation, Built on the Pan-Iranian Foundation”. The party decided to remove the suffix from their name to reflect their changing political views. In 1962, the party moved from Pan-Iranism, to become “The Party of the Iranian Nation”, a patriotic, Liberal organization.
In 1977, The Party of the Iranian Nation was the first organization within the country to call for the abolition of the death penalty. In 1995, the party called for a referendum to determine a new political system in Iran, based on the separation of religion and state, and equality for all citizens.
In 1998, Dariush Forouhar, the party's historical leader, along with Parvaneh Forouhar, his wife and member of the party's leadership council, were killed by the Islamic Republic's intelligence forces. Tens of thousands of Iranian people attend the funeral as a demonstration against the Islamic Republic. The killing of the leaders of the Party of the Iranian Nation, created a major political crisis in the Islamic Republic, which lead to the resignation of the Islamic Republic's intelligence minister, and the arrest and trial, of several of the highest intelligence officials in the Islamic Republic. Following this murder, more than seventy political opponents of the Islamic Republic, who were murdered by the intelligence agencies of the Islamic Republic, were exposed.
Six months after the murder of the leaders of the Party of the Iranian Nation, the Iranian Student Protests of July 1999 took place. The Youth Organization of the Party of the Iranian Nation played a leading role in the leadership of the student protests that lasted for 5 days. After suppressing the student protests, the Party of the Iranian Nation was under increasing pressure, and has not been active since.
- Kazemzadeh, Masoud (2008). "Opposition groups". In Kamrava, Mehran; Dorraj, Manochehr (eds.). Iran Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Islamic Republic. 2. Greenwood Press. p. 364. ISBN 978-0-313-34161-8.
- Mina, Parviz (July 20, 2004). "OIL AGREEMENTS IN IRAN". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica. Bibliotheca Persica Press. Retrieved September 12, 2016.
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