Oamaru (New Zealand electorate)

Oamaru was a parliamentary electorate in the Otago region of New Zealand, during three periods between 1866 and 1978.

Population centres

The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–1876 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 35 new electorates being formed, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated, including Oamaru. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries.[1]

Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution.[2] It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election.[3] In the North Island, five electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished.[4] In the South Island, three electorates were newly created and one electorate (Oamaru) was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished.[5] The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered.[6] These changes came into effect with the 1969 election.[3]

The electorate was centred on the town of Oamaru.

History

The electorate existed three times: from 1866 to 1870, 1881 to 1957, and then from 1969 to 1978.[7][8]

Robert Campbell was the first representative, who served from the 1866 general election to 9 April 1869, when he resigned.[9] Charles Christie Graham won the resulting 1869 by-election; he retired at the end of the term in 1870.[10] The electorate was abolished at the end of the 4th Parliament.[7]

Samuel Shrimski won the 1881 general election in the reconstituted electorate against James Hassell, one of the pioneers of Oamaru.[11][12][13] In the 1884 general election, he defeated Viscount Reidhaven (who later became the Earl of Seafield when he succeeded his father).[14][15] Shrimski resigned on 28 March 1885 and was appointed to the Legislative Council on 15 May 1885.[16]

Thomas William Hislop won the 1885 by-election.[17] Hislop, William Henry Frith[18] and John Church contested the 1887 election and received 581, 345 and 100 votes, respectively.[19] Hislop represented the electorate until 5 September 1889, when he resigned. He won the resulting 1889 by-election, but was defeated by Thomas Young Duncan at the 1890 general election.[20][21]

Members of Parliament

The electorate was represented by twelve Members of Parliament.[8]

Key

 Independent    Liberal    Reform  
 United    Labour    National  

Election results

1975 election

1975 general election: Oamaru
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Jonathan Elworthy 9,563 50.0 +7.2
Labour Bill Laney 7,367 38.6 -6.4
Social Credit D McLean 1,713 9.0 -1.9
Values Ms G I Morgan 462 2.4 +1.4
Majority 2,196 11.4
Turnout 89.7
Registered electors 21,356

1972 election

1972 general election: Oamaru
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bill Laney 7,746 45.0 +8.1
National Allan Dick 7,356 42.8 -2.2
Social Credit Alexander Familton 1,881 10.9 -1.7
Values J R Perkins 176 1.0 +1.0
New Democratic H E Mitchell 55 0.3 +0.3
Majority 390 2.2
Turnout 91.6
Registered electors 18,859

1969 election

1972 general election: Oamaru
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Allan Dick 7,033 45.0
Labour N Agnew 6,536 41.9
Social Credit B R Milmine 1,974 12.6
Democratic Labour Jamie Wedderspoon 75 0.5 +0.5
Majority 497 3.1
Turnout 92.4
Registered electors 17,006

1954 election

1954 general election: Oamaru
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Thomas Hayman 6,561 50.8 -3.8
Labour J H Rapson 5,203 40.3 -5.1
Social Credit F Poole 1,151 8.9 +8.9
Majority 1,358 10.5
Turnout 95.6
Registered electors 13,568

1951 election

1951 general election: Oamaru
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Thomas Hayman 7,736 54.6 +2.1
Labour C J Ryan 6,421 45.4 -2.1
Majority 1,315 9.2
Turnout 92.6
Registered electors 15,312

1949 election

1949 general election: Oamaru [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Thomas Hayman 7,415 54.6
Labour Arnold Nordmeyer 6,721 45.4 -3.1
Informal votes 64 0.4 +0.1
Majority 694 5.0
Turnout 14,950 95.0 +0.2
Registered electors 15,658

1946 election

1946 general election: Oamaru [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arnold Nordmeyer 7,079 50.6 +2.8
National Thomas Ross Beatty 6,847 49.0 +2.4
Independent Liberal George Percival Cuttriss 56 0.4 -1.51
Informal votes 53 0.3 -0.5
Majority 232 1.6 +0.5
Turnout 14,035 94.8 -1.8
Registered electors 14,736

1943 election

1943 general election: Oamaru [24] [25] [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arnold Nordmeyer 5,151 47.81 -5.26
National Thomas Ross Beatty 5,026 46.65
Democratic Labour George Barclay 339 3.14
People's Movement George Percival Cuttriss 167 1.55
Informal votes 90 0.83 +0.25
Majority 125 1.16 -5.57
Turnout 10,773 96.67 +1.34
Registered electors 11,143

1938 election

1938 general election: Oamaru [27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arnold Nordmeyer 5,971 53.07 +3.14
National Michael Francis Edward Cooney 5,213 46.33
Informal votes 66 0.58 -0.72
Majority 758 6.73 -4.25
Turnout 11,250 95.33 +2.97
Registered electors 11,801

1935 election

1935 general election: Oamaru [28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arnold Nordmeyer 5,296 50.93
United John MacPherson 4,154 39.94 -1.53
Democrat Herbert Gladstone Hill 948 9.11
Informal votes 136 1.30 +0.92
Majority 1,142 10.98
Turnout 10,398 92.36 +3.84
Registered electors 11,257

1931 election

1931 general election: Oamaru [29] [30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
United John Andrew MacPherson 3,992 41.47
Reform John Kirkness 2,946 30.60
Labour Percival Malthus 2,688 27.92
Majority 1,046 10.87
Informal votes 37 0.38
Turnout 9,663 88.52
Registered electors 10,916

1928 election

1928 general election: Oamaru [31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
United John Andrew MacPherson 5,016 51.74
Reform Ernest Lee 4,679 48.26
Majority 337 3.48
Informal votes 83 0.85
Turnout 9,778 91.81 10,650
Registered electors

1923 by-election

1923 Oamaru by-election [32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John MacPherson 4,492 52.00
Reform Ernest Lee 4,147 48.00
Informal votes 21 0.24
Majority 345 3.99
Turnout 8,660 94.18
Registered electors 9,195

1902 election

1902 general election: Oamaru [33] [34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Young Duncan 2,141 50.29 -16.44
Independent John Marshall Brown 1,261 29.62
Liberal John Andrew MacPherson 717 16.84 -16.42
Conservative Henry Beloe Crawford 138 3.24
Majority 880 20.67 -12.80
Turnout 4,257 81.54 +4.79
Registered electors 5,221

1899 election

1899 general election: Oamaru [35] [36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Young Duncan 2,500 66.74 +6.65
Liberal John Andrew MacPherson 1,246 33.26
Majority 1,254 33.48 +13.31
Turnout 3,746 76.75 -7.46
Registered electors 4,881

1893 election

1893 general election: Oamaru [37] [38] [39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Young Duncan 1,611 51.83 -11.68
Independent PB Fraser 1,195 38.45
Independent David Dunn 252 8.11
Independent William Henry Frith 50 1.61
Majority 416 13.38 -13.63
Turnout 3,108 75.04 -2.30
Registered electors 4,142

1890 election

1890 general election: Oamaru [40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Young Duncan 1,105 63.51
Conservative Thomas William Hislop 635 36.49
Majority 470 27.01
Turnout 1,740 72.74
Registered electors 2,392

1889 by-election

1889 Oamaru by-election [41]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Thomas William Hislop 549 56.95
Independent David Dunn 415 43.05
Majority 134 13.90
Turnout 964

1885 by-election

1885 Oamaru by-election [42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Thomas William Hislop 439 53.73%
Independent Lord Reidhaven 378 46.27% +1.53%
Majority 61 7.47% -3.06%
Turnout 817 57.09% -6.19%
Registered electors 1,381

1884 election

1884 general election: Oamaru [15] [43]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Samuel Shrimski 483 55.26% +1.39%
Independent James Ogilvie-Grant 391 44.74%
Majority 92 10.53%
Turnout 874 63.29% +8.27%
Registered electors 1,381

1881 election

1881 general election: Oamaru [13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Samuel Shrimski 396 53.88%
Independent James Hassell 337 46.12%
Majority 57 7.76%
Informal votes 19 1.42%
Turnout 735 55.01%
Registered electors 1,336

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