Obrenović dynasty

House of Obrenović
Обреновић
Coat of Arms of the Obrenovic Royal Family.png
Country Serbia
Founded 23 April 1815
Founder Miloš Obrenović I
Final ruler Alexander I
Titles
Deposition 11 June 1903

The House of Obrenović (Serbian Cyrillic: Обрeновић, pl. Obrenovići / Обреновићи, pronounced [obrěːnoʋitɕ]) was a Serbian dynasty that ruled Serbia from 1815 to 1842, and again from 1858 to 1903. They came to power through the leadership of their progenitor Miloš Obrenović I in the Serbian Uprising of 1815–1817 against the Ottoman Empire, which led to the formation of the Principality of Serbia in 1817. The Obrenović dynasty were traditionally allied with Austria-Hungary and opposed the Russian-supported Karađorđević dynasty.

The family's rule came to an end in a coup d’état by the military conspirators, often known today as the Black Hand,[1] who invaded the royal palace and murdered King Alexander I, who died without an heir.[2][3] The National Assembly of Serbia invited Peter Karađorđević to become a king of Serbia.[4] After the breakup of Yugoslavia, some descendants from Jakov Obrenović, Miloš Obrenović's half-brother, declared themselves successors of the Royal House of Obrenović and elected their pretender to the defunct throne of Serbia.

Unlike other Balkan states such as Greece, Bulgaria, or Romania, Serbia did not import a member of an existing European royal family (mostly German dynasties) to take its throne; the Obrenović dynasty, like its Karađorđević rival, was an indigenous Serbian family.

Monarchs

Picture TitleName Reign Notes
MilosObrenovic 1848.jpg Prince of Serbia
Miloš Obrenović I
First reign
6 November 1817 – 25 June 1839

Second reign
23 December 1858 – 26 September 1860
Leader of the Second Serbian Uprising.
Abdicated.

Died due to old age.
Milan Obrenović II, Prince of Serbia.jpg Prince of Serbia
Milan Obrenović II
25 June 1839 – 8 July 1839 Ruled for only 26 days.
Mihailo Obrenović III.jpg Prince of Serbia
Mihailo Obrenović III
First reign
8 July 1839 – 14 September 1842

Second reign
26 September 1860 – 10 June 1868
Deposed by the Defenders of the Constitution.

Assassinated in Košutnjak
KraljMilanObrenovic.jpg Prince of Serbia
Milan Obrenovic IV

King of Serbia

Milan I
10 June 1868 – 6 March 1889 Proclaimed King of Serbia on 6 March 1882.
Abdicated.
AleksandarObrenovic.jpg King of Serbia
Alexander I
6 March 1889 – 11 June 1903 Assassinated together with Queen Draga in the May Coup.
The end of Obrenović dynasty.

Unlike most other dynasties in Europe, where a regnal number is used to distinguish different monarchs who shared the same given name, the Obrenović dynasty assigned subsequent regnal numbers to each ruling prince. Thus, there was never a Milan I, Milan III, a Mihailo I or a Mihailo II. Milan II and Mihailo III were simply the second and third ruling prince from the Obrenović dynasty. This practice was discontinued when prince Milan Obrenovic IV proclaimed himself king and declared the principality of Serbia a kingdom (1882).

Other family members

A scale model of royal complex in Kragujevac founded by Miloš Obrenović

See also

References

  1. ^ Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. Dragutin Dimitrijevic. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 8 September 2016.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. Alexander. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 8 September 2016.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  3. ^ Thomas M. Poulsen; John R. Lampe; John B. Allcock. Serbia. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  4. ^ Thomas M. Poulsen; John R. Lampe; John B. Allcock. Serbia. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  5. ^ "Ex-King Milan", The Evening Post, LV (6), p. 5, 8 January 1898

External links

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