October 23

October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 69 days remain until the end of the year.


  • 4004 BCJames Ussher's proposed creation date of the world according to the Bible.
  • 42 BC – Liberators' civil war: Mark Antony and Octavian decisively defeat Brutus's army. Brutus commits suicide.
  • 425Valentinian III is elevated as Roman emperor at the age of six.
  • 501 – The Synodus Palmaris, called by Gothic king Theoderic, absolves Pope Symmachus of all charges, thus ending the schism of Antipope Laurentius.
  • 1086 – Spanish Reconquista: At the Battle of Sagrajas, the Almoravids defeats the Castilians, but are unable to take advantage of their victory.
  • 1157 – The Battle of Grathe Heath ends a civil war in Denmark.
  • 1295 – The first treaty forming the Auld Alliance between Scotland and France against England is signed in Paris.[1]
  • 1641 – Irish Catholic gentry from Ulster attempt to seize control of Dublin Castle, the seat of English rule in Ireland, so as to force concessions.
  • 1642 – The Battle of Edgehill is the first major battle of the English Civil War.
  • 1707 – The First Parliament of Great Britain convenes.
  • 1739 – The War of Jenkins' Ear begins when Prime Minister Walpole reluctantly declares war on Spain.
  • 1812 – A French general begins a conspiracy to overthrow Napoleon, claiming that the Emperor died in Russia.
  • 1850 – The first National Women's Rights Convention begins in Worcester, Massachusetts.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Westport is the last significant engagement west of the Mississippi River.
  • 1906Alberto Santos-Dumont flies an airplane in the first heavier-than-air flight in Europe.
  • 1911 – The Italo-Turkish War sees the first use of an airplane in combat when an Italian pilot makes a reconnaissance flight.
  • 1912 – First Balkan War: The Battle of Kumanovo between the Serbian and Ottoman armies begins.
  • 1942World War II: Allied forces commence the Second Battle of El Alamein, which proves to be the key turning point in the North African campaign.
  • 1942 – All 12 passengers and crewmen aboard American Airlines Flight 28 are killed when it collides with a USAAF bomber near Palm Springs, California.
  • 1942 – World War II: The Battle for Henderson Field begins on Guadalcanal.
  • 1944 – World War II: The Battle of Leyte Gulf begins.
  • 1955 – Prime Minister Ngô Đình Diệm defeats former emperor Bảo Đại in a referendum and founds the Republic of Vietnam.
  • 1955 – The people of the Saar region vote in a referendum to unite with Germany instead of France.
  • 1956 – Secret police shoot several anti-communist protesters, igniting the Hungarian Revolution.
  • 1958 – Canada's Springhill mining disaster kills seventy-five miners, while ninety-nine others are rescued.
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: The 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile), in conjunction with South Vietnamese forces, launches an operation seeking to destroy Communist forces during the siege of Plei Me.
  • 1970Gary Gabelich sets a land speed record in a rocket-powered automobile called the Blue Flame, fueled with natural gas.
  • 1972 – Vietnam War: Operation Linebacker, a US bombing campaign against North Vietnam in response to its Easter Offensive, ends after five months.
  • 1973 – Watergate scandal: President Nixon agrees to turn over subpoenaed audio tapes of his Oval Office conversations.
  • 1982A gunfight breaks out between police officers and members of a religious cult in Arizona. The shootout leaves two cultists dead and dozens of cultists and police officers injured.
  • 1983 – Lebanese Civil War: The U.S. Marines barracks in Beirut is hit by a truck bomb, killing 241 U.S. military personnel. A French army barracks in Lebanon is also hit that same morning, killing 58 troops.
  • 1989The Hungarian Republic officially replaces the communist Hungarian People's Republic.
  • 1989 – Bankruptcy of Wärtsilä Marine; the biggest bankruptcy in the Nordic countries up until then.
  • 1991 – Signing of the Paris Peace Accords which ends the Cambodian–Vietnamese War.
  • 1993 – The Troubles: A Provisional IRA bomb prematurely detonates in Belfast, killing the bomber and nine civilians.
  • 1995Yolanda Saldívar is found guilty of first-degree murder in the shooting death of popular Latin singer Selena.
  • 1998 – Israel and the Palestinian Authority sign the Wye River Memorandum.
  • 2002 – Chechen terrorists seize the House of Culture theater in Moscow and take approximately 700 theater-goers hostage.
  • 2004 – A powerful earthquake and its aftershocks hit Niigata Prefecture in northern Japan, killing 35 people, injuring 2,200, and leaving 85,000 homeless or evacuated.
  • 2007 – A storm causes the Mexican Kab 101 oil platform to collide with a wellhead, leading to the death and drowning of 22 people during rescue operations after evacuation of the platform.
  • 2011 – A powerful 7.2 magnitude earthquake strikes Van Province, Turkey, killing 582 people and injuring thousands.
  • 2011 – The Libyan National Transition Council deems the Libyan Civil War over.
  • 2015 – The lowest sea-level pressure in the Western Hemisphere, and the highest reliably-measured non-tornadic sustained winds, are recorded in Hurricane Patricia, which strikes Mexico hours later, killing at least 13 and causing over $280 million in damages.



Holidays and observances


  1. ^ "BBC - 23 October in Scottish History". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  2. ^ Philip Caraman (1990). Ignatius Loyola. Collins. p. 4. ISBN 9780002154918.
  3. ^ The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1974. p. 285. ISBN 978-0-85229-290-7.
  4. ^ "Coleen Gray obituary". the Guardian. 5 August 2015. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
  5. ^ Meltzer, Bill (23 October 2016). "'The Fog' Was Flyers Guiding Light. Flyers columnist takes a look at Fred Shero on what would have been his 91st birthday". NHL.com. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  6. ^ "Darrell Owen Pace". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Valentin Demyanenko". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  8. ^ "Kyle Gibson". ESPN. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
  9. ^ "Emil Forsberg - Leipzig - UCL". UEFA.com. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
  10. ^ "Jorge Taufua". National Rugby League. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
  11. ^ Turner, B. (12 January 2017). The Statesman's Yearbook 2008: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World. Springer. p. 717. ISBN 978-1-349-74024-6.
  12. ^ "Josh Ruffels - Defender - First Team - Oxford United". www.oufc.co.uk. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
  13. ^ "Jaydn Su'A". National Rugby League. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
  14. ^ "Biography". AMANDLA STENBERG. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  15. ^ "小林 由依". 櫻坂46公式サイト (in Japanese). Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  16. ^ פנחס רוזנבאום [Pinchas Rosenbaum] (in Hebrew). Retrieved Oct 29, 2020.

External links

Other Languages