Olaus Martini

The Most Reverend

Olaus Martini
Archbishop of Uppsala
Primate of Sweden
Church Church of Sweden
Archdiocese Uppsala
Appointed 1601
In office 1601-1609
Predecessor Nicolaus Olai Bothniensis
Successor Petrus Kenicius
Consecration 16 August 1601
by Petrus Kenicius
Rank Metropolitan Archbishop
Personal details
Born 1557
Uppsala, Sweden
Died 17 March 1609
Uppsala, Sweden
Nationality Swede
Parents Martinus Olai Gestricius
Kristina Månsdotter

Olof Mårtensson (1557 - 17 March 1609) also known in the Latin form Olaus Martini, was Archbishop of Uppsala from 1601 to his death.

Born in Uppsala, Sweden, he first enrolled in the University of Uppsala, but when it was temporarily closed in 1578 he travelled abroad. In 1583 he got a Master's degree at the University of Rostock[1] and then travelled home again.

On returning, he made himself a reputation when he criticized the liturgy of Swedish King John III who held somewhat Catholics beliefs despite that Sweden had been Lutheran since 1531.

The king's brother Duke Charles, who later became King Charles IX, promoted Olaus to becoming Archbishop of Uppsala in 1601. Despite his support, Martini was fundamentally in opposition to the beliefs of duke Charles, a conflict which eventually led to disputes between the two. Martini was an orthodox Lutheran, while Duke Charles is believed to have been inclined towards Calvinistic tenants—which he himself denied (see: crypto-Calvinism).

In 1606 Martini had a text published which was sharply polemising against Catholic and Calvinistic tenets.

Although he was in opposition to the King and the Duke, he was considered a hard working and trustworthy man by the University of Uppsala and by his communion.

See also